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Flashcards in Exploring Education Deck (15)
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_________ refers to physical changes in size, such as gains in height and weight.

Growth

1

__________ is the gradual increase in skills and abilities that occur over a lifetime.

Development

2

___________ growth is rapid in the first year of life.

Physical

3

__________-__________ skills, such as walking and throwing are dependent on the development of the large muscles.

Gross-motor

4

___________-__________ skills, such as picking up objects and eating with a spoon, are dependent on the development of the small muscles.

Fine-motor

5

Processes involving thought and knowledge are called __________.

Cognition

6

The way people change and improve their ability to think and learn throughout life is called _______ development.

Cognitive

7

________-________ development includes the area of relationships and feelings.

Social emotional

8

Explanations about why people act and behave the way they do and joe they change over time are called ________ _______.

Development theories

9

_________ is the belief that a persons behavior is determined by forces beyond his or her control.

Behaviorism

10

According to _________, infants came into the works as "black screens."

Behaviotists

11

Pavlov's theory of _________ conditioning refers to learned responses to the previously neutral stimulus

Classical

12

People tend to repeat behaviors that have a positive result in ________ conditioning

Operant

13

The theory suggests that while people are affected by rewards and punishments, their reactions are filtered by their own thought, perceptions, and motivations is called ______ ______ ______

Social cognitive theory

14

The four stages of cognitive development identified by Piaget are _________,____________,_____________ __________, and ___________ ___________

Sensorimotor, preoperational, formal operational, and concrete operational.