Flashcards in Chapters 16&17 Deck (81)
What is the name given to the neurons that monitor carbon dioxide leveled in the blood and are located in the carotid and aortic arteries?
A (long, short) blood vessel with a (small, large) diameter would have the greatest resistance to blood flow.
Pulmonary circulation goes from the (right, left) (atrium, ventricle) to the (right, left) (atrium, ventricle)
Which blood vessel(s) contain blood with the highest oxygen content?
From which major blood vessel do all systemic blood vessels branch?
Where is the cardiovascular center located?
Which circulatory route brings blood to the tissues and back to the heart?
Which circulatory path carries blood rich in substances absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract?
(Arteries, veins) (closest to, farthest from) the heat have the lowest blood pressure.
Vein, closet to
Vascular resistance is primarily to due which factor?
Fiction between blood-walls
When the left ventricle contracts, what term is given to the pressure in arteries that is generated?
In fetal circulation p, which structure connects the fetal pulmonary trunk to the aorta, allowing much blood to bypass the lungs?
Stimulation of the ______ would cause the heart rate to decrease.
In the fetus, what is the opening that allows blood to pass directly from the right atrium to the left atrium?
With aging, cardiac muscle fibers ____ in size.
Defenses of the body that are present at birth are referred to as _____ immunity
The fetal circulation differs from the adult circulation because of which organ system that is nonfunctional?
As blood passes from the superior and inferior vena cave to the lungs, it moves through the (right, left) (atrium, ventricle) to the (right, left) (atrium, ventricle) and out through the (pulmonary trunk, pulmonary veins).
Carry blood away from the heart
Vessels with high blood pressure
Vessels with the fastest flow
Vessels that exchange food and waste between blood and tissues
Vessels that return interstitial fluid to the bloodstream
Vessels with slowest blood flow
Vessels with thick muscle layer
Vessels si very thin walls; only have a single layer of cells
Vessels with a very thin muscle layer
Vessels that exhibit a pulse
Vessels that bring to almost every cell in the body