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Flashcards in The Constitution Deck (26)
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1

What famous Supreme Court case established the power of judicial review?

Marbury V. Madison

2

The sharing of power between the national and fifty state (local) governments is called what?

Federalism

3

What concept holds that the government and it's officials are always subject to the law?

Rule of law

4

What is considered to be the highest law of the land?

The constitution

5

Approximately how many words is the U.S Constitution in length?

4000+ words

6

What group serves as an advisory board to the president?

The Cabinet

7

The U.S Constitution is divided into seven different what?

Articles

8

The first ten amendments to the constitution are known or identified as what?

Bill of rights

9

What does the principal of popular sovereignty mean?

That the people are the only source for governmental power

10

What twentieth century president was the first to break the no-third-term tradition first established by George Washington?

Franklin D. Roosevelt

11

What basic principle government, asserts that the people are the source of governmental power?

Popular sovereignty

12

The president's rejection of an act of congress is known as what?

Veto

13

What are some express powers specifically granted to U.S. congress?

Power to regulate commerce
Power to coin money
Power to make laws which shall be considered necessary and proper

14

What is the name of the principle for the power of the courts to determine whether or not an action of the government is constitutional?

Judicial review

15

What group has the responsibility it either approve or reject appointments, and treaties negotiated with a foreign country?

The U.S. Senate

16

What principal holds that the government do only those things that the people have given it the power to do?

Limited Government

17

What basic principle of government places restraints upon each bench of the government and guarantees that in one branch of the government becomes too powerful

Checks and balances

18

What is the preamble?

An introduction to the U.S constitution

19

What does the constitution provide by creating three distinct branches of government: legislative, excecutive, judicial

Separation of power

20

Who does the president of the U.S. Have the ability to check?

Legislative or congress
Judicial or Supreme Court

21

How many times is the word democracy mentioned in the U.S. Constitution?

None

22

Who can formally propose a new amendment to the constitution

The congress 2/3 vote of members
National conventions 2/3 of fifty states

23

What is the basic characteristic of the principle federalism

It divides power between a national government and state government

24

What is considered to be the greatest power or authority that is controlled by the president of the United States

Commander in chief of the army and the navy

25

The separation of powers into three branches of government was intended to prevent what?

Prevent the abuse of power

26

What past president first established the no-third-term condition?

George Washington