Flashcards in Gov Final Deck (101)
Which group or branch of government has the power to make laws?
What form of government has the power to enforce, and administer the law?
Which group or branch of government has the power to interpret laws, determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within society?
Judiciary branch or the courts
Why is it important for those people, who find themselves in the majority listen and respect the rights of those individuals in the minority?
Majority today minority tomorrow
What theory regarding the creation of government claims that the state developed naturally out of the early family?
The evolution theory
What theory regarding the creation of government holds that one person or small group claimed control over an area and forced all within it to submit to that persons or groups rule?
The force theory
What are the fours characteristics of a state?
Population, territory, government, sovereignty
What form of government is headed by one person, such as a king or queen, who exercises supreme authority?
What type of colony was directly controlled by the English king?
A legislature that consists of two houses or chambers is called what?
American colonists opposed taxation based upon the argument that taxes represented "taxation without what"
What war beginning in the year 1754 Leaves Great Britain with a massive debt causes Great Britain to restrict the trade of the American colonies and influences king George III and parliament to impose new taxes?
The French and Indian war
What was the only branch of government was intended to serve whom?
What individual is considered to be the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?
The continental congress adopted the Declaration of Independence on what date?
July 4th, 1776
Why did the convention delegates decide to meet in secret?
Avoid outside pressure, change their minds, not to panic or alarm the American people
What type of colony was based on a grant of land by the English monarch to a proprietor, or owner, an individual or group who financed the start of the colony?
A legislature that consists of one house or chamber is called what?
How many president(s) was proposed under the Virginia plan?
James Madison was especially fond of the constitutions preamble because it started with what?
"We the people"
How many senators does each of the iffy states currently have in the U.S. Senate as a direct result of the Connecticut compromise at the constitutional convention?
What did the anti federalists believe that the constitution would create for the national government?
A too powerful government
What type of economic system does the United States currently have?
Capitalism and free enterprise system
What is the name for the group of delegates that were in favor of having a strong (central) national government?
Anti - Federalists
What was the name for the group of delegates that were in favor of having a strong (central) national government?
What was the name, for the plan of government proposed by the large states?
The Virginia plan
What did the small states what representation in the new congress to be based upon?
The debate between the delegates at the constitutional convention at times became so heated that some delegates nearly got into what?
What individuals did the delegates to the constitutional convention vote to stop the importation into the United States, starting the year 1808?