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Flashcards in Gov Final Deck (101)
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1

Which group or branch of government has the power to make laws?

Legislative branch

2

What form of government has the power to enforce, and administer the law?

Executive branch

3

Which group or branch of government has the power to interpret laws, determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within society?

Judiciary branch or the courts

4

Why is it important for those people, who find themselves in the majority listen and respect the rights of those individuals in the minority?

Majority today minority tomorrow

5

What theory regarding the creation of government claims that the state developed naturally out of the early family?

The evolution theory

6

What theory regarding the creation of government holds that one person or small group claimed control over an area and forced all within it to submit to that persons or groups rule?

The force theory

7

What are the fours characteristics of a state?

Population, territory, government, sovereignty

8

What form of government is headed by one person, such as a king or queen, who exercises supreme authority?

Monarchy

9

What type of colony was directly controlled by the English king?

Royal colony

10

A legislature that consists of two houses or chambers is called what?

Bicameral legislature

11

American colonists opposed taxation based upon the argument that taxes represented "taxation without what"

Representation

12

What war beginning in the year 1754 Leaves Great Britain with a massive debt causes Great Britain to restrict the trade of the American colonies and influences king George III and parliament to impose new taxes?

The French and Indian war

13

What was the only branch of government was intended to serve whom?

The people

14

What individual is considered to be the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

15

The continental congress adopted the Declaration of Independence on what date?

July 4th, 1776

16

Why did the convention delegates decide to meet in secret?

Avoid outside pressure, change their minds, not to panic or alarm the American people

17

What type of colony was based on a grant of land by the English monarch to a proprietor, or owner, an individual or group who financed the start of the colony?

Proprietory colony

18

A legislature that consists of one house or chamber is called what?

Unicameral

19

How many president(s) was proposed under the Virginia plan?

One

20

James Madison was especially fond of the constitutions preamble because it started with what?

"We the people"

21

How many senators does each of the iffy states currently have in the U.S. Senate as a direct result of the Connecticut compromise at the constitutional convention?

Two

22

What did the anti federalists believe that the constitution would create for the national government?

A too powerful government

23

What type of economic system does the United States currently have?

Capitalism and free enterprise system

24

What is the name for the group of delegates that were in favor of having a strong (central) national government?

Anti - Federalists

25

What was the name for the group of delegates that were in favor of having a strong (central) national government?

Federalists

26

What was the name, for the plan of government proposed by the large states?

The Virginia plan

27

What did the small states what representation in the new congress to be based upon?

Equality

28

The debate between the delegates at the constitutional convention at times became so heated that some delegates nearly got into what?

Fists fights

29

What individuals did the delegates to the constitutional convention vote to stop the importation into the United States, starting the year 1808?

African slaves

30

In what Pennsylvanian city did the constitutional convention he was also elected to serve as the first president of the United States?

George Washington