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Flashcards in External coaptation Deck (17):
1

External coaptation includes?

Casts
splints
slings
braces
bandages

2

External coaptation is good at neutralizing?

Bending
fair at torsion

3

3 major advantages of external coaptation

Minimal disruption of blood supply
minimal effect of physeal growth
Can be cheaper

4

Disadvantages of external coaptation (6)

poor control over compression and tension
less rigid
alignment and reduction is difficult
Joints above and below MUST be immobilized
Cannot be used on the humerus, femur, and pelvis
rub sores common

5

Disadvantages of external coaptation (6)

poor control over compression and tension
less rigid
alignment and reduction is difficult
Joints above and below MUST be immobilized
Cannot be used on the humerus, femur, and pelvis
rub sores common

6

3 indications for using external coaptation

Transverse fractures
fractures stabilized by another bone
temporarily stabilize fractures
immobilizing joints

7

Most important principle of external coaptation

Thout shall immobilize the joint above and below the fracture

8

What do you leave sticking out of the end of a bandage?

The tips fo digits 3 and 4 only to assess perfusion and congestion

9

Why do we bandage all the way down the limb if we don't have a fracture down there?

To prevent venous congestion

10

What position should you coapt the limbs in?

Normal walking position

11

Define valgus and varus

Valgus = L away from centre of body
Varus = towards center of body

12

5 types of external coaptation

Bandages
casts
splints
slings
braces

13

5 types of splints

lateral
spica
mason metasplint (spoon)
molded palmar
Schroeder thomas

14

Are bandages appropriate for fractures?

Not alone, they are more for covering wounds and providing slight support

15

Are bandages appropriate for fractures?

Not alone, they are more for covering wounds and providing slight support

16

Name 3 types of slings

ehmer
nonweightbering
carpal

17

How do braces differ from splints?

No circumfrential padding and are usually worn during physical activity