FA: Rapid Review Flashcards Preview

Step 1 Prep > FA: Rapid Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in FA: Rapid Review Deck (54):
1

Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly

Budd-chiaria Syndrome (posthepatic venous throbmosis)

2

Achilles tendo xanthoma

Famililia hypercholesterolemia (Low LDL R signaling)

3

aortic dissection, hyperflexible , arachnodactyly, lens dislocation

Marfans--fibrillin defect

4

+ anterior drawer sign

Anterior Cruciate ligament injury

5

Adrenal hemorrhage, hypOtension, DIC

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome (menigococcemia)

6

Athlete with polycythemia

secondary to EPO injection

7

Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss

Pott disease (vertebral TB)

8

Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis

Sacroidosis (noncaseating granulomas)

9

Blue sclera

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (type I collagen defect)

10

bluish line on gingiva

Burton line (lead poisoning)

11

Bone pain/enlargement, arthritis

Pagets (increased osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity)

12

Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbin

Aortic regurgitation

13

Butterfly facial rash and raynaud phenomenon in young female

SLE

14

Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic firbrous dysplasia, precocoius puberty, multiple endocrine abnormalities

McCune-Albright syndrome (mosaic G-protein signaling mutation)

15

Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)

Neurofibromatosis type I (+pheochromocytoma, optic gliomas)

16

Calf pseudohypertrophy

Muscular dystrophy (often Duchennes); X linked recessive deletion of dystrophin

17

"Cherry red spots" on macula

Tay-sachs (ganglioside accumulation) or Neimann-Pick (sphingomyelin accumulation), central retina artery occlusion

18

chest pain on exertion

angina (stable: with moderate exertion; unstable; with minimal)

19

chest pain, pericardial effusion/frx rub, persistent fever following MI

Dressler syndrome (autoimmune mediated post MI fibrinous pericarditis, 1-12 wks after acute episode)

20

Child uses arms to stand up from squat

Gowers sign (Duchenne muscular dystrophy)

21

Child with fever later develops rash on face that spreads to body

"Slapped cheeks" (erthythema infectiosum/5th disease; parvovirus B19)

22

Chorea, dementia, caudate degeneration

Huntington disease (autosomal dominant CAG repeat expansion)

23

Chronic exercise intolerance w/ myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria

McArdle Disease (muscle glycogen phosphorylase deficiency)

24

Cold intolerance

Hypothyroidism

25

Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia

Internuclear opthalmaoplegia (damage to MLF; bilateral [mutliple sclerosis], unlateral [stroke])

26

Contiuous machine like heart murmur

PDA... close with indomethacin; open or maintain with misoprostol

27

Cutaneous/dermal edema d/t CT deposition

Myxedema (cause by hypothyroidism, Graves disease [pretibial])

28

Dark purple skin/mouth nodules in pt w/ AIDS

Kaposis sarcoma, associated with HHV-8

29

Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation

Kussmaul respirations (diabetic ketoacidosis)

30

dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea

Pellagra (niacin [Vitamin b3]) deficiency

31

dog or cat bite--> infection

Pasteurella multocida (cellulitis at inoculation site)

32

dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis

Sjogren syndrome (autoimmune destruction of exocrine glands)

33

Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, Fe deficiency, anemia

Plummer-Vinson syndrome (may progress to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma)

34

Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints

Ehlers-Danlos (type III collagen)

35

enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node

Virchow node (abdominal metastasis)

36

erythroderma, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, atypical T cells

myosis fungoides (cutaneous T cell lymphoma) or Sezary syndrome (myocosis fungoides + malignant T cells in blood)

37

Facial muscle spasm upon tapping

Chvostek sign (hypoCa++)

38

fate, female, forty, fertile

Cholelithiasis (gall stones)

39

fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic tx for syphillis

Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction (rapid lysis of spirochetes results in toxin release)

40

fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash

measels

41

fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis

Peyronie disease (CT disorder)

42

fever, night sweats, weight loss

B symptoms (staging) of lymphoma

43

gout, intellectual disability, self-mutalating behaviour

Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (HGPRT deficiency, X-linked recessive)

44

green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea

Kayser-Fleischer rings (Copper accumulation from Wilson disease)

45

Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands

Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (inherited, benign polyposis can cause bowel obstruction; increase risk of cancer, mainly GI)

46

hepatosplenomegaly, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms

Gaucher disease (glucocerebrosidase deficiency)

47

Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts

Alport Syndrome (mutation in collagen IV)

48

hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility

Kluver-Bucy syndrome (bilateral amygdala lesion)

49

Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, babinski sign present

UMN damage

50

Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy, fasciculations

LMN damage

51

Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia

"Blue Bloater"--chronic bronchitis; hyperplasia of mucous cells

52

Indurated, ulcerated genital lesion

Nonpainful; chancre (primary syphillis; Treponema pallidum)
Painful with exudate: chancroid; Haemophilus ducreyi

53

infant with cleft lip/palate, microcephaly or holoprosencephaly, polydactyly, cutis aplasia

Patau syndrome (trisomy 13)

54

Infant with FTT, hepatosplenomegaly, neurodegeneration

Niemann-Pick disease (genetic sphingomyelinase deficiency)