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Flashcards in Fact Reminders Deck (15)
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1

ICE

Iridocorneal endotheliopathy
Overlapping of:
- iris naevus syndrome
- Chandler's syndrome (most prevalent)
- essential (progressive) iris atrophy

2

Herpes on the hooter

Hutchinson sign or vesicles on the tip of nose in HZO
Indicates involvement of the external nasal branch of nasocilliary nerve.
Increased risk of ocular involvement

3

LOFTSEA

Location
Onset
Frequency
Type
Self-treatment
Effect on Px
Assoc symptoms

4

NIGHT TICS

Causes of Optic neuropathy:
Neuritis
Ischaemic
Granulomatous
Hereditory
Traumatic
Toxic
Irradiation
Compression

5

GO SUCK

Red eye causes:
Glaucoma
Orbital disease
Scleritis
Uveitis
Conjunctivitis
Keratitis

6

HAMMAR

Choroidal neovascular membrane causes:
Histoplasmosis
ARMD
Multifocal Choroiditis
Myopia
Angiod
Rupture of the choroid

7

VITAMIN D

Aetiology of any pathological process:
V = vascular/ischemic
I = infectious
T = trauma
A = autoimmune/inflammatory
M = metabolic/systemic
I = inherited/congenital
N =neoplastic
D = drug/toxic

8

Optic Disc assessment - 7 steps

Cup
Colour
Contour
ISNT
Disc size
Vessel caliber
PPA (peripapilary atrophy)

9

PEDAL

Identify whether a lesion is likely infectious:
- Pain
- Epithelial defect
- Discharge
- Anterior chamber reaction
- Located more central

10

ABCDE

Assessing pigmented lesions for MM possibility:

Asymmetrical shape and elevation
Border is irregular or scalloped
Color is mottled and variable
Diameter is usually large > 5 mm
Evolutionary change ( change in size )

11

tid

Or tds
3 times per day

12

q4h

Every 4 hrs

13

FISTO

Trachoma WHO grading scale
TF - trachomatous inflammation follicular
TI - trachomatous inflammation intense
TS - trachomatous scarring (sup. tarsal)
TT - trachomatous trichiasis (one lash touching cornea)
CO - corneal opacity (central )

14

Aqueous Cells grading

1mm x 3mm slit beam
1+ 5-10 cells
2+. 11-20 cells
3+. 21-50 cells
4+. > 50 cells
Hypopyon

15

6 steps in Dx

- aggregation of groups of findings into patterns
- selecting pivot or key finding
- generation of cause list
- pruning of cause list
- selecting Dx
- validating Dx