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RUSVM Theriogenology 2017 > Feline Repro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Feline Repro Deck (44)
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1

Describe Feline Reproductive Cycle

Seasonal breeder
Induced Ovulators
Seasonally Polyestrus

2

What does puberty depend on in the feline?

Seasonality

3

What are the stages of Feline Estrous Cycle?

Proestrus
Estrus
Post-Estrus
Diestrus
Anestrus

4

When is anestrus in the queen?

Winter- October - January

5

How long is estrus in the queen?

3-16 days

6

What happens when the breeding takes place in the queen?

Reflex release of LH from pituitary

7

How long is Post-estrus in the queen?

8-10 days

8

Describe Diestrus in the queen?

Only occurs when ovulation has been induced by breeding or other means
65 days

9

What happens when the queen has a non-fertile mating?

Diestrus and Pseudopregnancy

10

What happens when the queen has a fertile mating?

Diestrus and pregnancy

11

What happens if the queen is not stimulated to ovulate?

Proestrus and anestrus

12

How long is gestation for the queen?

65 days

13

What contributes to the progesterone for the maintenance of the pregnancy of the queen?

Placenta

14

What hormone is detectable on day 25?

Relaxin

15

How do you diagnose pregnancy on 16-30 days in the queen?

Abdominal palpation
"string of pearls"

16

When can you detect a fetal heart beat on ultrasound on the queen?

20-25 days

17

What are the teratogens for the queen?

Glucocorticoids
Griseofulvin
Panleukopenia virus

18

What are the non-infectious causes of pregnancy loss in the queen?

Ovulation failure
Early embryonic death
Taurine deficiency
Fetal chromosomal aberration
stress

19

What are the infectious causes of pregnancy loss in the queen?

Feline herpes virus
FIV
FeLV
Feline infectious peritonitis
Feline panleukopenia virus
Bacterial
Protozoal

20

What happens if the queen becomes acutely infected with FIV with kitten in utero?

arrested development
abortion
stillbirth
viable virus infected kittens

21

How do kittens become infected with FIV after birth?

milk

22

What happens when a queen is infected with Feline leukemia virus when pregnant?

Fetal/neonatal death
some carry infection into later life
Resorption or abortion

23

Feline Infectious Peritonitis

"Kitten Mortality Complex"
Repeat breeders
Abortion
stillbirths
Fading kittens

24

What happens to kittens when the queen is infected with feline panleukopenia virus?

Cerebellar hypoplasia
Abortion
Stillbirth
Neonatal death

25

What are the bacterial causes of pregnancy loss in the queen?

E coli
Mycoplasma
Strep

26

What are the non-infectious causes of pregnancy loss in the queen?

Taurine deficiency
Chromosomal abnormality

27

What is the most common cause of dystocia in the queen?

Primary Uterine Inertia

28

How soon after parturition does the queen re-cycle?

7-8 days post partum

29

How do you treat Uterine Prolapse in the queen?

Manual reduction + OHE

30

How do you treat Metritis in the queen?

Antibiotics
ecbolics
OHE

31

How do you treat Mastitis in the queen?

Antibiotics
Compresses

32

What causes Mammary Hypertrophy?

influence of luteal progesterone

33

How do you treat Mammary Hypertophy?

regresses after luteolysis

34

What is the 3rd of common tumor of the cat?

Mammary neoplasia

35

What is the major type of Mammary neoplasia in the queen?

Malignant carcinoma
Adenocarcinoma

36

What is the average time between detection and death of the queen with Mammary neoplasia?

1 year

37

What is the treatment for Mammary Neoplasia in the queen?

Radical surgical excision

38

How do you treat Ovarian cysts in the queen?

hCG
GnRH to lutenize
OHE

39

What is the treatment of choice for CEH/Pyometra in the queen?

OHE
Antibiotics

40

What should be motility of the Tom be?

40-80%

41

What should the morphology of the Tom be?

50-70%

42

What drugs can be used to collect the Tom?

Medetomidine with ketamine

43

In what cats do you see testicular hypoplasia?

Male tortoise shell
calico cat

44

Where are cryptorchid testicles retained?

inguinal