Female Internal Reproductive Organs Pt. 2/Perineal Triangles Flashcards Preview

Gross II Final > Female Internal Reproductive Organs Pt. 2/Perineal Triangles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Internal Reproductive Organs Pt. 2/Perineal Triangles Deck (98)
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1

What are the functions of the vagina?

Female organ of copulation, lower portion of birth canal, and excretory duct for the products of menstruation

2

How does the vaginal canal communicate with the cervical canal above it?

Through the external os

3

How does the vaginal canal communicated with the vestibule below it?

Through the vaginal orifice

4

Where do the fundus of the bladder and the urethra lie in reference to the vagina?

Anterior

5

Where does the rectum lie in reference to the vagina?

Posterior

6

What is the recess between the cervix and the walls of the vagina?

Fornix

7

What are the three parts of the fornix?

Anterior, two lateral, and posterior fornices

8

What is the superior, expanded portion of the vagina below the cervix?

Vaginal vault

9

What is the vagina supported by?

Levator ani, perineal body, perineal membrane, ligament (pubocervical, transverse cervical, uterosacral)

10

What is the blood supply to the vagina?

Uterine artery and vaginal artery

11

What artery is the direct supply to the upper part of the vagina specifically?

Uterine artery

12

What are the lymphatics that are associated with the vagina?

Internal iliac (upper 3/4) and superficial inguinal nodes (lower 1/4)

13

What is the innervation of the vagina?

Pudendal nerve (lowermost part) and uterovaginal plexus

14

What specific area of the only part of the vagina that really has sensation?

Lowermost part

15

What is rectocele?

Bulging of the rectum into the posterior wall of the vagina

16

Rectocele can cause what issue?

Difficulty in defecation

17

What is cystocele?

Bulging of the bladder into the anterior wall of the vagina

18

Cystocele can cause what issue?

Difficulty in micturition

19

What is uterine prolapse?

When the uterus slips down into the vagina and descends to an abnormally low level in the pelvis

20

What are risk factors associated with uterine prolapse?

Multiple births, retroverted uterus

21

During uterine prolapse, what can also happen to the cervix?

It may protrude externally through the vaginal orifice

22

Inflammation of uterine lining, retroverted uterus, or traction of a large uterus on the uterosacral ligament may cause what type of pain?

Sacral

23

Severe menstrual cramps may be associated with subluxations of what location?

L1 or L2

24

What is the part of the trunk below the pelvis diaphragm called?

Perineum

25

The perineum has the same boundaries as what structure?

Pelvic outlet

26

What shape is the perineum?

Diamond

27

What divides the perineum into two triangles?

A transverse line connecting the two ischial tuberosities

28

What are the two triangles creating from the division of the perineum?

Urogenital triangle (anteriorly) and anal triangle (posteriorly)

29

In anatomical position, which triangle of the perineum lies in the horizontal plane?

Urogenital

30

In anatomical position, which triangle of the perineum is tilted upward?

Anal triangle