Flashcards in Kidney Deck (55)
What is the overall function of the kidney?
To remove water, salts, and products of protein metabolism from the blood
What shape is the kidney?
Is the kidney intra- or retroperitoneal?
The kidney extends from what vertebrae levels?
Which kidney lies slightly lower than the other?
Why does the right kidney lie slightly lower than the left kidney?
Due to the large size of the right lobe of the liver
The kidneys lie where in reference to the psoas major muscle?
The kidneys lie where in reference to the vertebral column?
What is the space called where the kidneys lie lateral to the vertebral column?
A strain of what muscle is commonly mistaken as kidney pain?
What is the unique name given to the top and bottom areas of the kidneys?
Superior and inferior poles
The hilum of the kidney is a fissure in what direction?
The hilum of the kidney is located on what surface?
What four things does the hilum of the kidney transmit?
Renal vein (anteriorly), renal artery (between renal vein and ureter), ureter (posteriorly), and autonomic & sensory nerves
What is the expanded superior end of the ureter within the hilum?
What is the recess called located within the hilum that is filled with fat?
The structures that enter the hilum are known collectively by what term?
What is the posteriormost organ at the abdominal level?
What is the outer portion of the kidney called?
What are the projections of the cortex into the medulla between the renal pyramids?
What is the inner portion of the kidney?
The renal medulla includes about how many renal pyramids?
What is the apex termination of the renal pyramid?
What are the cup shaped structures into which the renal papillae fit?
What are the 2-3 major channels into which the minor calices empty?
Where do the major calices empty?
What artery is the main arterial blood supply of the kidney?
From where does the renal artery arise?
What are the accessory arteries of the kidney?