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Gross II Final > Kidney > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kidney Deck (55)
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1

What is the overall function of the kidney?

To remove water, salts, and products of protein metabolism from the blood

2

What shape is the kidney?

Bean-shaped

3

Is the kidney intra- or retroperitoneal?

Retroperitoneal

4

The kidney extends from what vertebrae levels?

T12-L3

5

Which kidney lies slightly lower than the other?

Right kidney

6

Why does the right kidney lie slightly lower than the left kidney?

Due to the large size of the right lobe of the liver

7

The kidneys lie where in reference to the psoas major muscle?

Anterior

8

The kidneys lie where in reference to the vertebral column?

Lateral

9

What is the space called where the kidneys lie lateral to the vertebral column?

Paravertebral grooves

10

A strain of what muscle is commonly mistaken as kidney pain?

Psoas major

11

What is the unique name given to the top and bottom areas of the kidneys?

Superior and inferior poles

12

The hilum of the kidney is a fissure in what direction?

Vertical

13

The hilum of the kidney is located on what surface?

Medial

14

What four things does the hilum of the kidney transmit?

Renal vein (anteriorly), renal artery (between renal vein and ureter), ureter (posteriorly), and autonomic & sensory nerves

15

What is the expanded superior end of the ureter within the hilum?

Renal pelvis

16

What is the recess called located within the hilum that is filled with fat?

Renal sinus

17

The structures that enter the hilum are known collectively by what term?

Renal pedicle

18

What is the posteriormost organ at the abdominal level?

Kidney

19

What is the outer portion of the kidney called?

Renal cortex

20

What are the projections of the cortex into the medulla between the renal pyramids?

Renal columns

21

What is the inner portion of the kidney?

Medulla

22

The renal medulla includes about how many renal pyramids?

8-12

23

What is the apex termination of the renal pyramid?

Renal papilla

24

What are the cup shaped structures into which the renal papillae fit?

Minor calices

25

What are the 2-3 major channels into which the minor calices empty?

Major calices

26

Where do the major calices empty?

Renal pelvis

27

What artery is the main arterial blood supply of the kidney?

Renal artery

28

From where does the renal artery arise?

Abdominal aorta

29

What are the accessory arteries of the kidney?

Extrahilar arteries

30

From where do the extrahilar arteries arise?

Abdominal aorta above or below the renal artery