Ureter/Muscles of the Posterior Abdominal Wall Flashcards Preview

Gross II Final > Ureter/Muscles of the Posterior Abdominal Wall > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ureter/Muscles of the Posterior Abdominal Wall Deck (95)
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1

What is the muscular tube that connects the kidney to the urinary bladder?

Ureter

2

Is the ureter intra- or retroperitoneal?

Retroperitoneal

3

The ureter descends over what muscle?

Psoas major muscle

4

The ureter is crossed by which vessels?

Gonadal vessels

5

The ureter crosses what structure?

The common iliac artery at its bifurcation

6

Where do the upper and lower parts of the ureter lie, respectively?

Upper - Abdomen, Lower - Pelvis

7

Where are the three constriction locations where kidney stones can become lodged?

Ureteropelvic junction, pelvic brim, and where the ureter enters the wall of the bladder

8

Branches of what five arteries make up the blood supply to the ureter?

Renal artery, gonadal artery, aorta, common iliac artery, superior vesical artery

9

Which branches of the ureter's blood supply are responsible for the abdominal portion of the ureter?

Renal artery, gonadal artery, aorta, and common iliac artery

10

Which branch of ureter blood supply is responsible for the pelvic portion of the ureter?

Superior vesical artery

11

What is the innervation of the ureter?

Renal plexus and hypogastric plexus

12

The suprarenal glands go by what name in general mammals?

Adrenal glands

13

What part of the suprarenal gland secretes catecholamines?

Medulla

14

What are the catecholamines secreted by the medulla of the suprarenal gland?

Epinephrine and norepinephrine

15

The medulla of the suprarenal gland is also known as what?

Modified sympathetic ganglion

16

What part of the suprarenal gland secretes corticosteroids?

Cortex

17

Can we live without suprarenal glands?

No

18

Is the suprarenal gland intra- or retroperitoneal?

Retroperitoneal

19

The suprarenal gland lies on what aspect of the kidney?

Superomedial

20

What surrounds the suprarenal gland?

A capsule and renal fascia

21

What is Addison's Disease?

Adrenal hypo function that affects mainly corticosteroid output

22

What is the shape of the right suprarenal gland?

Pyramidal

23

What is the shape of the left suprarenal gland?

Semilunar

24

What is the connection between the suprarenal gland and overall autonomic nerve supply?

Relative to size, it has the largest autonomic nerve supply of any organ

25

What is the arterial blood supply to the suprarenal gland?

Superior, middle, and inferior suprarenal arteries

26

From where does the superior suprarenal artery arise?

Inferior phrenic artery

27

From where does the middle suprarenal artery arise?

Aorta

28

From where does the inferior suprarenal artery arise?

Renal artery

29

What is the venous blood supply to the suprarenal gland?

Suprarenal vein

30

To where does the right suprarenal vein drain?

Directly into the inferior vena cava