Female Internal Reproductive Organs Pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

Gross II Final > Female Internal Reproductive Organs Pt. 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Internal Reproductive Organs Pt. 1 Deck (82):
1

What are the four female internal reproductive organs?

Ovary, uterine tube, uterus, vagina

2

Where are oocytes produced after puberty?

Ovaries

3

Ovaries also have what type of function beside the production of oocytes?

Endocrine

4

What hormones are secreted by the ovaries?

Estrogen, progesterone, and relaxin

5

The ovary lies in what location?

Ovarian fossa

6

What bounds the ovarian fossa?

Obliterated umbilical artery (anteriorly) and ureter/internal iliac vessels (posteriorly)

7

Is the ovary covered by peritoneum?

No

8

What attaches the ovary to the body of the uterus?

Ligament of ovary

9

What extends from the ovary to the pelvic brim and contains the ovarian vessels?

Suspensory ligament of ovary

10

Which ligament involved with the ovaries is solid?

Ligament of ovary

11

Which ligament involved with the ovaries is hollow?

Suspensory ligament ovary

12

What is the blood supply of the ovary?

Ovarian artery and ovarian branch of the uterine artery

13

The ovarian artery branches from where?

Abdominal aorta

14

What is the innervation of the ovary?

Ovarian plexus

15

What structure transports oocytes from the ovary to the uterus?

Uterine tubes

16

How do the uterine tubes transport oocytes from the ovary to the uterus?

Through ciliary action and muscular contraction

17

How long is the passage of the oocyte from the ovary to the uterus?

3-4 days

18

What part of the uterine tube lies inside the uterus?

Uterine part

19

What part of the uterine tube is the narrowest external part, nearest the uterus?

Isthmus

20

What part of the uterine tube is the longest and widest part of the uterine tube?

Ampulla

21

What part of the uterine tube is the funnel-shaped part nearest the ovary?

Infundibulum

22

What is the name of the opening of the uterine tube near the ovary?

Abdominal ostium

23

Are the abdominal ostium and ovary technically connected?

No; there is a small gap

24

What are the fingerlike projections around the margin of the infundibulum?

Fimbriae

25

When an oocyte leaves the ovary, it is picked up by what structures and passes through the abdominal ostium?

Fimbriae

26

What is the longest fimbria that is fused to the ovary?

Ovarian fibria

27

Where does fertilization take place in general? Most commonly, where?

Uterine tube; ampulla

28

Where is the second most common place for fertilization to occur?

Infundibulum

29

What is the blood supply of the uterine tube?

Tubal branches of the uterine artery and ovarian artery

30

What is the innervation of the uterine tube?

Ovarian plexus and inferior hypogastric plexus

31

What is an ectopic pregnancy?

Development of the fetus at some site other than the uterine cavity

32

Where is the most common location of ectopic pregnancy?

Uterine tube (tubal ectopic pregnancy)

33

What is a common result of tubal ectopic pregnancy?

Rupture of the uterine tube followed by hemorrhage

34

Tubal ectopic pregnancy is usually a result of what?

Inflammation or blockage of the uterine tube

35

What are the risk factors of tubal ectopic pregnancies?

History of sexually transmitted diseases, reversal tubal ligation, and endometriosis

36

What is an abdominal ectopic pregnancy?

Implantation of the embryo in the rectouterine pouch

37

What are two other types of ectopic pregnancies?

Mesenteric and cervical ectopic pregnancies

38

What is the organ in which the fertilized oocyte normally becomes embedded and where fetal development takes place?

Uterus

39

The cavities of what structures together form the birth canal?

Uterus and vagina

40

What is a nulliparous woman?

One with no children

41

What is the uterus like in a nulliparous woman?

Walls are thick and muscular, and the uterus itself is shaped like an inverted pear

42

After menopause, how the the uterus change?

Fibrous tissue accumulates due to hormonal changes and cyst development

43

What is anteversion of the uterus?

The lower end of the uterus forms approximately a right angle with the vagina

44

What is the opposite of anteversion?

Retroversion (uterus bent backward)

45

What is anteflexion of the uterus?

The uterus is bent downward at the junction between its body and cervix

46

Which angle of the uterus is located within itself?

Anteflexion

47

What can change the position of the uterus?

Fullness of the bladder

48

What is the rounded part of the uterus located superior to the entrances of the uterine tubes?

Fundus of uterus

49

What is the main part of the uterus located inferior to the fundus and superior to the isthmus?

Body of uterus

50

Retroversion of the uterus is associated with what three things?

Severe menstrual cramps, painful parturition, and increased risk of uterine prolapse

51

What is the narrow constricted portion of the uterus found between the body and cervix?

Isthmus of uterus

52

What is another name for the isthmus of the uterus?

Internal Os

53

What is the part of the uterus that is inferior and extends from the isthmus to the opening in the vagina?

Cervix of uterus

54

What part of the cervix lies above the vagina?

Supravaginal part

55

What part of the cervix lies within the vagina?

Vaginal part

56

What is the opening of the cervical canal into the vagina?

External Os

57

Where does the uterine cavity lie?

Within the body of the uterus

58

What is the shape of the uterine cavity?

Wide above and narrow below

59

What extends from the internal os to the external os?

Cervical canal

60

Where does the cervical canal lie?

Within the cervix

61

What is the space between the bladder and uterus?

Vesicouterine pouch

62

What is the space between the rectum and uterus?

Rectouterine pouch

63

What is the double layer of peritoneum which extends from the uterus to the lateral walls of the pelvis?

Broad ligament

64

What part of the broad ligament is between the uterine tube and mesovarium?

Mesosalpinx

65

What part of the broad ligament extends posteriorly to attach the ovary and ligament of the ovary?

Mesovarium

66

What part of the broad ligament is below the mesovarium?

Mesometrium

67

What ligament attaches the uterus below and anterior to the entrance of the uterine tubes?

Round ligament

68

The round ligament is a remnant of what structure?

Gubernaculum of the ovary

69

The round ligament passes through what structure?

Inguinal canal

70

Where does the round ligament terminate?

Labia majora

71

What ligament is a thickening of pelvic fascia which passes laterally from the cervix to merge with the upper fascia of the pelvic diaphragm?

Transverse cervical (cardinal) ligament

72

What ligament passes backward from the cervix in the rectouterine fold to attach to the sacrum?

Uterosacral ligament

73

During pregnancy, pull of what ligament can lead to sacral misalignment a pain?

Uterosacral ligament

74

What ligament passes forward from the cervix lateral to the urethra to attach to the pubis?

Pubocervical ligament

75

What structure is particularly vulnerable during a hysterectomy?

Ureter

76

What structures give support to the uterus?

Pelvic diaphragm, broad ligament, pelvic viscera (bladder), and ligaments (pubocervical, transverse cervical, and utersacral)

77

What is the blood supply of the uterus?

Uterine artery and ovarian artery

78

What lymphatics drain the fundus and upper part of the body of the uterus?

Lumbar nodes

79

What lymphatics drain the lower part of the body of the uterus?

External iliac nodes

80

What lymphatics drain the cervix of the uterus?

Internal iliac nodes

81

What is the innervation of the uterus?

Uterovaginal plexus

82

What does vagina mean in Latin?

Sheath