Female Internal Reproductive Organs Pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Female Internal Reproductive Organs Pt. 1 Deck (82)
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1

What are the four female internal reproductive organs?

Ovary, uterine tube, uterus, vagina

2

Where are oocytes produced after puberty?

Ovaries

3

Ovaries also have what type of function beside the production of oocytes?

Endocrine

4

What hormones are secreted by the ovaries?

Estrogen, progesterone, and relaxin

5

The ovary lies in what location?

Ovarian fossa

6

What bounds the ovarian fossa?

Obliterated umbilical artery (anteriorly) and ureter/internal iliac vessels (posteriorly)

7

Is the ovary covered by peritoneum?

No

8

What attaches the ovary to the body of the uterus?

Ligament of ovary

9

What extends from the ovary to the pelvic brim and contains the ovarian vessels?

Suspensory ligament of ovary

10

Which ligament involved with the ovaries is solid?

Ligament of ovary

11

Which ligament involved with the ovaries is hollow?

Suspensory ligament ovary

12

What is the blood supply of the ovary?

Ovarian artery and ovarian branch of the uterine artery

13

The ovarian artery branches from where?

Abdominal aorta

14

What is the innervation of the ovary?

Ovarian plexus

15

What structure transports oocytes from the ovary to the uterus?

Uterine tubes

16

How do the uterine tubes transport oocytes from the ovary to the uterus?

Through ciliary action and muscular contraction

17

How long is the passage of the oocyte from the ovary to the uterus?

3-4 days

18

What part of the uterine tube lies inside the uterus?

Uterine part

19

What part of the uterine tube is the narrowest external part, nearest the uterus?

Isthmus

20

What part of the uterine tube is the longest and widest part of the uterine tube?

Ampulla

21

What part of the uterine tube is the funnel-shaped part nearest the ovary?

Infundibulum

22

What is the name of the opening of the uterine tube near the ovary?

Abdominal ostium

23

Are the abdominal ostium and ovary technically connected?

No; there is a small gap

24

What are the fingerlike projections around the margin of the infundibulum?

Fimbriae

25

When an oocyte leaves the ovary, it is picked up by what structures and passes through the abdominal ostium?

Fimbriae

26

What is the longest fimbria that is fused to the ovary?

Ovarian fibria

27

Where does fertilization take place in general? Most commonly, where?

Uterine tube; ampulla

28

Where is the second most common place for fertilization to occur?

Infundibulum

29

What is the blood supply of the uterine tube?

Tubal branches of the uterine artery and ovarian artery

30

What is the innervation of the uterine tube?

Ovarian plexus and inferior hypogastric plexus