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Flashcards in Ferrets Deck (42)
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1

List the 6 main DDX for GIT disease in ferrets

Helicobacter mustelae
Epizootic cattarhal Enteritis
Ferret systemic coronavirus
Proliferative colitis
IBD
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis

2

What four bacteria spp cause GIT disease in ferrets

Helicobacter mustilae
Salmonella
Campylobacter
Coliforms

3

What 4 types of parasites often cause GIT disease in ferrets

Giardia
Crypto parvum
Coccidiosis
GI nematodes

4

What Sx does helicobacter mustelae cause in ferrets

D+, V+, abdominal pain, chronic Gastritis, duodenitis, melaena, mesenteric lymphadenopathy, Anaemia

5

What may develop secondary to helicobacter infection in ferrets

Ulcers

6

How is helicobacter infection Dx in ferrets

Silver staining of tissue

7

How can helicobacter be Tx in ferrets

Ranitidine, omeprazole for ulcers
AntiB e.g. metronidazole, amoxicillin

8

What causes epizootic cattarhal Enteritis

Coronavirus

9

What are the Sx of epizootic cattarhal Enteritis in ferrets

V+, free mucoid D+, weight loss

10

What causes ferret systemic Coronavirus disease

Coronavirus

11

Which cat disease is ferret systemic Coronavirus related to

FIP

12

What are signs of ferret systemic Coronavirus

D+, weight loss, lethargy, anorexia, HL weakness, splenomegaly, pyrexia, hypergammaglobinaemia

13

Which form of ferret systemic Coronavirus is most commonly seen

Granulomatous / dry form

14

What causes proliferative colitis in ferrets

Lawsonia intracellularis

15

How is proliferative colitis in ferrets Tx

Chloramphenicol for 2-3wks

16

What are the 3 main oral diseases seen in ferrets

Dental disease
Salivary mucocele
Neoplasia

17

What is the main lice spp of ferrets

Sarcoptes scabiei

18

What are the three main mite spp of ferrets

Lynxacarus mustelae
Demodex
Otodectes cyanosis

19

Why are female ferrets prone to oestrogen toxicity

Reflex ovulators
Undated = exposed to high oestrogen = bone marrow suppression and pancytopenia = aplastic Anaemia

20

When does adrenal gland disease present in ferrets

3-4yrs post neutering

21

Which zone of the adrenal gland is affected by adrenal disease in ferrets and what is the pathophysiology

Zone reticularis = hyperadrenogism
FSH and LH can’t act on gonads = no -ve feedback
Receptors form on adrenal gland = adrenal Hyperplasia or neoplasia = androgen production

22

What are the main Sx of adrenal disease in ferrets

Adrenal Hyperplasia = Adenoma = adenocarcinoma

Bilateral symmetrical alopecia, pruritis, vulval swelling, postateomegaly

23

How can adrenal Disease be Dx in ferrets

Serum adrenal panel for oesteodiol etc BUT doesn’t distinguish from ovarian remnant disease

Rx often unremarkable except prostatomegaly

Ultrasound to ID adrenomegaly

24

How is adrenal Disease best Tx in ferrets

Exploratory surgery to remove L adrenal gland if affected or de-bulk the R

GnRH analogue - useful in early stages of disease

Melatonin / photoperiod manipulation - ferrets seasonally polyoestrus

25

How can adrenal Disease be Px in ferrets

Keep outdoors - seasonally polyoestrus
Alternatives to neutering - deslorelin implant, proligestone Jill jab, vasectomise hob

26

What are the options for Px persistent oestrus in ferrets

Jill jab - proligestone, given SC as they come into season in spring

Buserelin (receptal) - induce ovulation

Vasectomise hob

Deslorelin implant every 12-24 months

27

How are Male ferrets managed to prevent adrenal disease

Implant with suprelorin

Neuter +/- implant

28

What is the aetiology and signlament of insulinoma in ferrets

B cell tumours - Adenoma or adenocarcinoma
Males, 4-6yrs

29

What are the Sx of insulinoma in ferrets

HL weakness or ataxia
Stargazing
Dull
Seizure
May resolve following meal
Collapse
Salivation
Nausea

30

How is insulinoma Dx in ferrets

Persistent hypoglycaemia = blood glucose < 3.4 after 4hrs without food

31

How is insulinoma Tx in ferrets

Emergency stabilisation with glucose
Surgical resection
Medical - prednisolone, diazoxide
Dietary - high fat and protein meals, simple sugars

32

What is the most common form of heart disease seen in ferrets

DCM

33

Which deficiency is DCM NOT related to in ferrets

Taurine

34

What other three CVS diseases other than DCM may be seen in ferrets

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Restrictive cardiomyopathy
Degenerative valvular Disease

35

What causes influenza in ferrets

Orthomyxoviridae - strains of human flu virus A and B infectious to ferrets

36

What are ferrets mostly vaccinated against

Canine distemper - used off cascade

37

What causes canine distemper in ferrets

Paramyxovirus - morbillivirus

38

What are the main Sx of canine distemper in ferrets

Photosensitivity
Anorexia
Pyrexia
Mucopurulent oculonasal discharge
Ataxia
Hyperkeratosis

39

What disease does parvovirus cause in ferrets

Aleutian Disease

40

What is Aleutian Disease in ferrets

Immune complex Mediated disorder

41

What are the Sx of Aleutian Disease in ferrets

Multiple organ failure
Hypergammaglobinaemia

42

What are the top three neoplasia in ferrets

Insulinoma
Adrenal gland disease
Lymphoma