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Flashcards in Final Deck (45)
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1

liver pain referral

R cervical/UT

2

lung pain referral

cervical

3

galbladder pain referral

R UQ, R scapular area

4

uterus and cervix pain referral

sacral region

5

melena

dark sticky feces containing partially digested blood. Can be from swallowing blood or following internal bleeding

6

laboratory test that would provide the most useful information about potential tissue injury?

prolonged coagulation times

7

increased serum ammonia

decreased level of consciousness, asterixis, impaired function of peripheral nerves

8

urologic pain to shoulder

distended kidney pushes on diaphgram; phrenic nerves share close connections to spinal cord with cervical plexus

9

common musculoskeletal symptoms associated with endocrine disorders

myalgia, carpal tunnel pain, periarthritis, adhesive capsulitis, proximal mm weakness

10

myxedema

swelling of skin and underlying tissues giving waxy consistency; form of hypothyroidism

11

3 most common symptoms of diabetes mellitus

polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia

12

cushing's syndrome

hypercortisolism (gain weight); may present with decreased bone density, muscle wasting, slow healing rates; hypertension; easy bruising

13

parathyroid hormone

increases blood calcium; excessive production can produce pathological fractures

14

A1C levels

normal range is

15

grave's disease

hyper-reflexia with decreased mm strength

16

fibromyalgia: type of disorder

neurosomatic disorder: deregulation of autonomic ns as it interfaces with neurohormonal system

17

shober's sign

sign of ankylosing spondylitis: patient cannot flex lumbar spine

18

lhermitte's sign

disc protrusion or multiple sclerosis

19

kaposi's sacroma symptoms

purple red blotches or bumps on trunk or head

20

AID's dementia complex

altered mental status in HIV-infected patient

21

beau's lines

impaired nail formation; temporary cessation of cell division in nail matrix; could have systemic cause i.e. cancer

22

diclofenac

NSAID: treat pain, migraines, arthritis

23

painless enlarged skin lesion or lymph node in presence of immunosuppressant drugs

consider lymphoma

24

most common sites of referred pain from systemic diseases

shoulder and back

25

blumberg's sign

rebound tenderness; may indicate peritonitis

26

mcburney's point

1/2 the distance from ASIS to umbilicus

27

screening for cancer may be necessary for anyone with hip pain who is:

younger than 20, older than 50

28

murphy's sign

palpate under costal margin at mid-clavicular line; ask to inspirate: if painful then this suggests cholecystitis

29

vascular disease that may refer pain to hip

aortic aneurysm: back pain may radiate to buttock, hip

30

chest pain can be caused by trigger points of which muscle

SCOM