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Flashcards in Final Drugs Deck (41):
1

Albuterol
(Proventil, AccuNeb)

Treats asthma, bronchitis, and similar breathing problems. This medicine is a bronchodilator.

2

Amiodarone
(Cordarone, Nexterone, Pacerone)

Treats life-threatening heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias) in patients who have already taken other antiarrhythmic medicines.

3

Apresoline
(Hydralazine)

Vasodilator, lowers BP and treats heart failure

4

Aspirin
(Ecotrin, Fasprin)

Treats pain, fever, arthritis, and inflammation. It may also be used to reduce the risk of heart attack.
Prevents blood cells called platelets from clumping together to form a clot.
NSAID, anti-platelet, analgesic

5

Atenolol
(Tenormin)

This medicine is a beta-blocker that treats high blood pressure and chest pain. It may also lower the risk of repeated heart attacks.

6

Colace
(Docusate)

Colace is a stool softener. It works by helping fat and water into the stool mass to soften the stool.
Relieves occasional constipation and prevents dry, hard stools.

7

Coreg
(Carvedilol)

This medicine is a beta-blocker that treats high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF), and reduces the risk of death after a heart attack.

8

Coumadin
(Warfarin)

Helps to prevent new blood clots from forming, and helps to keep existing blood clots from getting worse. This medicine is a blood thinner (anticoagulant).

9

Demerol
(Meperidine)

Narcotic pain reliever.
Analgesic, Opioid

10

Digoxin
(Digox, Lanoxin)

Treats certain heart rhythm problems (atrial fibrillation). Also used to treat heart failure, usually in combination with a diuretic (water pill) and an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor.

11

Dilantin
(Phenytoin)

Anti-convulsant, treats seizures

12

Glucotrol

Insulin secretagogue: stimulates release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells. Lowers fasting BG levels. Take 30 minutes before meal. SE: upset stomach, skin reactions, hypoglycemia

13

Heparin

Prevents clots in the blood vessels before or after surgery or during certain medical procedures. Also treats certain blood, heart, and lung disorders and helps diagnose and treat certain bleeding disorders. This medicine is a blood thinner.

14

Hydrochlorothiazide
(Esidrix, Microzide)

Treats high blood pressure and fluid retention (edema). This medicine is a diuretic (water pill).

15

Regular Insulin

Short-acting
Onset: 1/2 hour
Peak: 2-4 hours
Duration: 5-7 hours
*give 20-30 mins before meal

16

NPH Insulin

Intermediate-acting
Onset: 1 1/2 hours
Peak: 4-12 hours
Duration: 16-24 hours

17

70/30 Insulin

Insulin isophane and insulin regular
Long-acting
*give 30-45 mins before meal

18

Humalog Insulin

Rapid-acting
Onset: 15 mins
Peak: 1/2 to 1 1/2
Duration: 5 hours
*give within 10 mins of meal

19

Lantus Insulin

Long-acting
Onset: 2-4 hours
No peak
Duration: 24 hours

20

Novalog Insulin

Rapid-acting
Onset: 15 mins
Peak: 1-3 hours
Duration: 5 hours
*give within 10 mins of meal

21

Levemir Insulin

Long-acting
*Inject at evening meal for once daily, or once in the morning and then 12 hours later

22

Klonopin
(Clonazepam)

Clonazepam is used to prevent and control seizures. This medication is known as an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug. It is also used to treat panic attacks. Clonazepam works by calming your brain and nerves.

23

Paxil
(Paroxetine)

SSRI
Treats depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Also used to treat moderate to severe hot flashes caused by menopause.

24

Prednisone
(Deltasone)

Prednisone is a synthetic corticosteroid drug that is particularly effective as an immunosuppressant drug. It is used to treat certain inflammatory diseases and some types of cancer.

25

Protonix
(Pantoprazole)

Treats gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and damage to the esophagus. Also treats high levels of acid in the stomach caused by a tumor (such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome). This medicine is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI).

26

Lexapro
(Escitalopram)

This medicine is an SSRI that treats depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

27

Vancomycin
(Vancocin)

Glycopeptide Antibiotic
Treats bacterial infections of the intestines that cause colitis

28

Wellbutrin
(Bupropion)

Treats depression and aids in quitting smoking. Also prevents depression caused by seasonal affective disorder (SAD). This medicine is an antidepressant.

29

Miralax
(Polyethylene glycol)

Osmotic laxative
Treats constipation, increases the amount of water in the intestinal tract to stimulate bowel movements

30

Monopril
(Fosinopril sodium)

Fosinopril is an ACE inhibitor and works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily.
Lowers BP

31

Morphine

Treats moderate to severe pain. This medicine is a narcotic analgesic, opioid.

32

Nexium
(Esomeprazole)

Treats heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), stomach ulcers, and a damaged esophagus. May prevent stomach problems caused by pain medicine.
Proton pump inhibitor

33

Norvasc
(Amlodopine)

Treats high blood pressure or chest pain (angina). This medicine is a calcium channel blocker.

34

Metformin
(Glucophage)

Biguanide
Reduces hepatic glucose production and increases peripheral tissue sensitivity to insulin.
Major SE: lactic acidosis. Do not give to pt with renal impairment or heart failure.
Don't give 48 hrs before or after using contrast material or anesthesia to prevent kidney damage.
Take with meals to reduce GI effects (abdominal discomfort and diarrhea)

35

Lipitor
(Atorvastatin)

Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Reduces the risk of chest pain, stroke, heart attack, or certain heart and blood vessel problems. This medicine is a statin.

36

Lasix
(Furosemide)

Treats fluid retention (edema) and high blood pressure (hypertension). This medicine is a loop diuretic (water pill).

37

Levaquin
(Levofloxacin)

This is a quinolone antibiotic that treats infections and is given to people who have been exposed to anthrax. Can treat UTIs and chylamydia

38

Lopressor
(Metoprolol)

Treats high blood pressure, angina (chest pain), and heart failure. May also be given after a heart attack to improve outcomes. This medicine is a beta-blocker.

39

Lortab
(Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen)

Treats moderate to moderately severe pain. This medicine contains a narcotic pain reliever. Analgesic

40

Lovenox
(Enoxaparin sodium)

Prevents and treats blood clots. Also used to treat certain types of acute heart attacks. This medicine is a blood thinner. Low molecular weight heparin

41

Atrovent
(Ipratropium bromide)

Treats a runny nose caused by colds or hay fever.
Anticholenergic