Flashcards in Final Exam Review - Midterms Recap Deck (66):
What did Boethius write, and what is found in it?
De institutione musica; about the theory of consonances, theory of modes, and theory of monochord (misunderstood Greek music theory)
The disposition of half and whole steps within a segment of the diatonic scale is called
Which genre might include texts in two languages with sacred and secular content, and polyphonic music?
The text intoned between the last verse of a psalm and the return to its antiphon is the
When and where were the troubadours active?
12 century southern France
What are the "action" chants of the mass?
Introit, Offertory, Communion
What is the opposite of an action chant, and what are they?
Lesson chants: Gradual, Alleluia
What is the Guidonian Hand?
A sight-singing aid
Which century does the earliest non-diastematic notation date?
Describe the range and final of the Protus authentic mode.
Range of D to d, with a final on D
Who was the first person to discuss musical notation on lines named with the letters c and f?
Rhythmic modes are indicated by
the disposition of ligatures (notes bound together)
The process of underlaying a text to a melisma first added to the end of the Alleluia results in a piece known as
a sequence. Added text to them because they had a hard time remembering the melodies.
Liber hymnorum was written by who and about what?
Written by Notker Balbulus; tells us about the process of creating sequences
A newly composed melody, with or without text, added (in 9th-12th c.) to an established chant of the Mass or Office, and embellishing the beginning and/or middle of the chant, is
Power to control people's thoughts and behavior
Which composer is best known for his organum?
Leoninus; wrote the Magnus liber organi, regarded as the best by Anonymous IV
In the Musica enchiriadis, the vox principalis is where in relation to the vox organalis?
Above the vox organalis
What is the musica enchiriadis
An anonymous music treatise discussing notation, modes, monophonic plainchant, polyphony, and organum
Describe and list proper chants
Proper vary day to day throughout the year. Include Introit, Gradual, Alleluia, Offertory, Communion
Describe and list ordinary chants
Ordinary remain the same. Include Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei, Ite missa est
In what service is the dialogue Puer Natus placed?
What does the Magnus liber organi contain?
polyphonic Mass chant
What is organum?
Polyphonic settings of Gregorian chant
Who said that "no music written more than 4-0 years ago is considered by the learned to be worth hearing"?
At what interval does the fauxbourdon voice sing in relation to the chant-carrying voice?
What is fauburden?
English improvised polyphony
Which compositional feature is found in Ockeghem's Missa prolationum?
What is the largest manuscript of Italian Trecento music?
Who saved polyphony from being banned by the Council of Trent?
Which of the formes fixes has the form ABaAabAB?
What were chorales, and what were important sources for them?
Hymns in German, designed to be sung by congregation; no harmonization or accompaniment. Sources: pre-reformation religious songs, Catholic hymns, and secular songs
The contenance angloise refers to an English preference for what compositional technique?
parallel thirds and 6ths
Which composer was not mentioned by Martin le Franc in his poem Le Champion des dames?
What is the talea in isorhythm?
A repeating rhythmic pattern in the tenor
What kind of mass borrows the melody from a monophonic chant as the basis for material in more than one voice of each mass part?
Francesco Landini was associated with what compositional tradition/time period?
What religious group is least likely to use music in their services?
What style is described with rhythmic complexity, fanciful shaped manuscripts and elaborate notation?
What Ars Nova technique separates the melodic line and distributes it among two or more voices?
Describe perfect/imperfect tempus, minor/major prolation
Perfect tempus: 3 beats
Imperfect tempus: 2 beats
Minor prolation: subdivision of 2
Major prolation: subdivision of 3
How is a Landini cadence executed?
Descend by step, skip by third in upper voice
What composer did Martin Luther regard as "master of the notes"?
Which Trecento form contains 1 to 4 stanzas of 3 lines each, set to the same music, and a contrasting ritornello (Form: a a (a a) ||:b:||)?
Who wrote the first extant polyphonic setting of the Requiem?
The development of the orchestra in French opera is typified by what?
Dominance of violin family, instruments all starting together, and doubling of parts
How many parts and performers played in a 17th century trio sonata?
3 parts, 4 performers
What became the standard means of setting a lament in 17th century opera?
What describes a sacred work that has scored parts for both voices and contrasting melodic instruments?
What is the most important document for the practice of vocal ornamentation in the early 17th century and who wrote it?
Caccini's Le nuove musiche
Artusi criticized the madrigals of Monteverdi on the basis of:
unprepared dissonances, leaps into dissonances, and use of accented passing tones
What refers to an improvised, imitative keyboard piece that might be played at the beginning of a religious service?
Describe sonata da camera
4+ movements, movements have dance names, mostly binary form
Describe sonata de chiesa
4 movements, movements named by tempo designations
Who was the first person to print music?
What describes sacred, dramatic music performed in an oratory by voices and instruments that is not staged and followed a two-part form separated by a sermon?
What sources did English opera draw from?
Masque, Italian Opera, French Opera
What was the purpose of a prelude to a dance suite?
To set the key
Which member of the opera-composing team wrote the text that the composer set to music?
What was the name of the group of musicians interested in Greek drama who were musical innovators by setting dramatic plays to music?
Which compositional technique describes solo voice with simple accompaniment used for solo madrigals and sacred concerti?
What musical element typically unified the movements of a dance suite?
Which German composer was chapel master in Dresden and known for his Lutheran sacred concerti?
Which late Renaissance composer was known for his use of divided choirs?
Where was the first urban center for public opera performance?