Final Exam Review - Midterms Recap Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam Review - Midterms Recap Deck (66):
1

What did Boethius write, and what is found in it?

De institutione musica; about the theory of consonances, theory of modes, and theory of monochord (misunderstood Greek music theory)

2

The disposition of half and whole steps within a segment of the diatonic scale is called

species

3

Which genre might include texts in two languages with sacred and secular content, and polyphonic music?

motet

4

The text intoned between the last verse of a psalm and the return to its antiphon is the

lesser doxology

5

When and where were the troubadours active?

12 century southern France

6

What are the "action" chants of the mass?

Introit, Offertory, Communion

7

What is the opposite of an action chant, and what are they?

Lesson chants: Gradual, Alleluia

8

What is the Guidonian Hand?

A sight-singing aid

9

Which century does the earliest non-diastematic notation date?

9th

10

Describe the range and final of the Protus authentic mode.

Range of D to d, with a final on D

11

Who was the first person to discuss musical notation on lines named with the letters c and f?

Guido d'Arezzo

12

Rhythmic modes are indicated by

the disposition of ligatures (notes bound together)

13

The process of underlaying a text to a melisma first added to the end of the Alleluia results in a piece known as

a sequence. Added text to them because they had a hard time remembering the melodies.

14

Liber hymnorum was written by who and about what?

Written by Notker Balbulus; tells us about the process of creating sequences

15

A newly composed melody, with or without text, added (in 9th-12th c.) to an established chant of the Mass or Office, and embellishing the beginning and/or middle of the chant, is

a trope

16

Power to control people's thoughts and behavior

ethos

17

Which composer is best known for his organum?

Leoninus; wrote the Magnus liber organi, regarded as the best by Anonymous IV

18

In the Musica enchiriadis, the vox principalis is where in relation to the vox organalis?

Above the vox organalis

19

What is the musica enchiriadis

An anonymous music treatise discussing notation, modes, monophonic plainchant, polyphony, and organum

20

Describe and list proper chants

Proper vary day to day throughout the year. Include Introit, Gradual, Alleluia, Offertory, Communion

21

Describe and list ordinary chants

Ordinary remain the same. Include Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei, Ite missa est

22

In what service is the dialogue Puer Natus placed?

Mass

23

What does the Magnus liber organi contain?

polyphonic Mass chant

24

What is organum?

Polyphonic settings of Gregorian chant

25

Who said that "no music written more than 4-0 years ago is considered by the learned to be worth hearing"?

Tinctoris

26

At what interval does the fauxbourdon voice sing in relation to the chant-carrying voice?

4th below

27

What is fauburden?

English improvised polyphony

28

Which compositional feature is found in Ockeghem's Missa prolationum?

mensuration canon

29

What is the largest manuscript of Italian Trecento music?

Squarcialupi Codex

30

Who saved polyphony from being banned by the Council of Trent?

Palestrina

31

Which of the formes fixes has the form ABaAabAB?

rondeau

32

What were chorales, and what were important sources for them?

Hymns in German, designed to be sung by congregation; no harmonization or accompaniment. Sources: pre-reformation religious songs, Catholic hymns, and secular songs

33

The contenance angloise refers to an English preference for what compositional technique?

parallel thirds and 6ths

34

Which composer was not mentioned by Martin le Franc in his poem Le Champion des dames?

Ockeghem

35

What is the talea in isorhythm?

A repeating rhythmic pattern in the tenor

36

What kind of mass borrows the melody from a monophonic chant as the basis for material in more than one voice of each mass part?

paraphrase mass

37

Francesco Landini was associated with what compositional tradition/time period?

Trecento

38

What religious group is least likely to use music in their services?

Calvinists

39

What style is described with rhythmic complexity, fanciful shaped manuscripts and elaborate notation?

Ars Subtilior

40

What Ars Nova technique separates the melodic line and distributes it among two or more voices?

hocket

41

Describe perfect/imperfect tempus, minor/major prolation

Perfect tempus: 3 beats
Imperfect tempus: 2 beats
Minor prolation: subdivision of 2
Major prolation: subdivision of 3

42

How is a Landini cadence executed?

Descend by step, skip by third in upper voice

43

What composer did Martin Luther regard as "master of the notes"?

Josquin

44

Which Trecento form contains 1 to 4 stanzas of 3 lines each, set to the same music, and a contrasting ritornello (Form: a a (a a) ||:b:||)?

madrigal

45

Who wrote the first extant polyphonic setting of the Requiem?

Ockeghem

46

The development of the orchestra in French opera is typified by what?

Dominance of violin family, instruments all starting together, and doubling of parts

47

How many parts and performers played in a 17th century trio sonata?

3 parts, 4 performers

48

What became the standard means of setting a lament in 17th century opera?

Ground bass

49

What describes a sacred work that has scored parts for both voices and contrasting melodic instruments?

cantata

50

What is the most important document for the practice of vocal ornamentation in the early 17th century and who wrote it?

Caccini's Le nuove musiche

51

Artusi criticized the madrigals of Monteverdi on the basis of:

unprepared dissonances, leaps into dissonances, and use of accented passing tones

52

What refers to an improvised, imitative keyboard piece that might be played at the beginning of a religious service?

toccata

53

Describe sonata da camera

4+ movements, movements have dance names, mostly binary form

54

Describe sonata de chiesa

4 movements, movements named by tempo designations

55

Who was the first person to print music?

Petrucci

56

What describes sacred, dramatic music performed in an oratory by voices and instruments that is not staged and followed a two-part form separated by a sermon?

Oratorio

57

What sources did English opera draw from?

Masque, Italian Opera, French Opera

58

What was the purpose of a prelude to a dance suite?

To set the key

59

Which member of the opera-composing team wrote the text that the composer set to music?

The librettist

60

What was the name of the group of musicians interested in Greek drama who were musical innovators by setting dramatic plays to music?

Florentine Camerata

61

Which compositional technique describes solo voice with simple accompaniment used for solo madrigals and sacred concerti?

Monody

62

What musical element typically unified the movements of a dance suite?

Key

63

Which German composer was chapel master in Dresden and known for his Lutheran sacred concerti?

Schütz

64

Which late Renaissance composer was known for his use of divided choirs?

Gabrieli

65

Where was the first urban center for public opera performance?

Venice

66

Which of the following terms describes the accompaniment style involving measured rhythm, repetition, sequence, and no large sectional repeats?

Arioso