Flashcards in Final--Food Animal Deck (22)
A supporting limb lameness typically indicates the problem is located?
in the lower toe
*put these animals on the ground or tilt table to evaluate
A disease of housed dairy cattle kept in poor hygienic conditions
Interdigital dermatitis (slurry heel/heel erosion)
Which bacteria is most commonly involved in slurry heel?
*slurry heel= interdigital dermatitis
The ubiquitous bacteria that can infect susceptible cow hooves and cause foot rot is?
You recently diagnosed a cow with foot rot--the farmer wants to know what the risk is to the other cows. What do you tell him?
the disease isn't contagious--but proper hoof management is important for preventing infection by F. necrophorum which is present throughout the environment
Bilateral swelling of the coronary bands with subsequent spreading of dewclaws is a very classic presentation for which disease in cattle?
Which infectious condition of the cattle hoof is also contagious?
Bovine papillomatous digital dermatitis (hair heel wart)
Name 5 diseases assoc. with laminitis
toe (subsolar) abscess
Most common location for sole ulcer?
distal/most caudal 1/3 of sole
Name the 4 conditions caused by fescue
1) fescue foot
2) summer slump
3) repro disorder (abortion, prolonged gestation, still birth)
4) fat necrosis
Which form of spetic arthritis is most common in:
1) adult cattle
**NAME source of infection for each one too!!
1) secondary--extension of infection from adjacent site
2) tertiary--FPT + sepsis
Asymmetric swelling of the coronary band and progressive signs of lameness is typically indicative of?
Why can you not cut higher than distal P1 when performing a claw amputation?
If you go higher you increase risk of spreading infection to fetlock joint
Concerning P3 fractures:
1) which type is more common
2) indicated tx for each type
1) traumatic (non-septic) is most common
Non-septic--> elevate toe (block on adjacent claw)
Septic--> claw amputation
Which bone fracture is most common in calves?
Cannon bone fx
Fracture of which bone in cattle can typically be healed with stall rest alone?
*sufficient muscle present to protect
Most common signalment and location for OCD in cattle
1.5yr old bull
Which stifle lesion is assoc. with the most pain and lameness?
Cruciate ligament tears
Two diseases you should always consider if an adult bovid presents for spinal cord disease?
1) BLV assoc. lymphosarcoma
2) vertebral body osteomyelitis
The main difference between spastic syndrome and spastic paresis is?
Age of onset
Syndrome= older animals
Paresis= younger (2 weeks- 6 months)
This disease is assoc. with polyarthritis and conjunctivitis of sheep; Can be depressed, febrile, and recumbent