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Flashcards in Final--Food Animal Deck (22)
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A supporting limb lameness typically indicates the problem is located?

in the lower toe

*put these animals on the ground or tilt table to evaluate


A disease of housed dairy cattle kept in poor hygienic conditions

Interdigital dermatitis (slurry heel/heel erosion)


Which bacteria is most commonly involved in slurry heel?

Dichelobacter nodusus

*slurry heel= interdigital dermatitis


The ubiquitous bacteria that can infect susceptible cow hooves and cause foot rot is?

Fusobacterium necrophorum


You recently diagnosed a cow with foot rot--the farmer wants to know what the risk is to the other cows. What do you tell him?

the disease isn't contagious--but proper hoof management is important for preventing infection by F. necrophorum which is present throughout the environment


Bilateral swelling of the coronary bands with subsequent spreading of dewclaws is a very classic presentation for which disease in cattle?

Foot rot


Which infectious condition of the cattle hoof is also contagious?
Causative agent/

Bovine papillomatous digital dermatitis (hair heel wart)

Treponema spirochetes


Name 5 diseases assoc. with laminitis

Sole ulcers
White-line disease
toe (subsolar) abscess
heel erosion
double sole


Most common location for sole ulcer?

distal/most caudal 1/3 of sole


Name the 4 conditions caused by fescue

1) fescue foot
2) summer slump
3) repro disorder (abortion, prolonged gestation, still birth)
4) fat necrosis


Which form of spetic arthritis is most common in:
1) adult cattle
2) neonate

**NAME source of infection for each one too!!

1) secondary--extension of infection from adjacent site

2) tertiary--FPT + sepsis


Asymmetric swelling of the coronary band and progressive signs of lameness is typically indicative of?

septic arthritis


Why can you not cut higher than distal P1 when performing a claw amputation?

If you go higher you increase risk of spreading infection to fetlock joint


Concerning P3 fractures:
1) which type is more common
2) indicated tx for each type

1) traumatic (non-septic) is most common

Non-septic--> elevate toe (block on adjacent claw)

Septic--> claw amputation


Which bone fracture is most common in calves?

Cannon bone fx


Fracture of which bone in cattle can typically be healed with stall rest alone?


*sufficient muscle present to protect


Most common signalment and location for OCD in cattle

1.5yr old bull

bilateral hocks


Which stifle lesion is assoc. with the most pain and lameness?

Cruciate ligament tears


Two diseases you should always consider if an adult bovid presents for spinal cord disease?

1) BLV assoc. lymphosarcoma

2) vertebral body osteomyelitis


The main difference between spastic syndrome and spastic paresis is?

Age of onset

Syndrome= older animals

Paresis= younger (2 weeks- 6 months)


This disease is assoc. with polyarthritis and conjunctivitis of sheep; Can be depressed, febrile, and recumbent

Chlamydial polyarthritis

*C. pecorum


How does foot rot in sheep differ from foot rot in cattle?

In sheep--> CONTAGIOUS!!