Flashcards in FINAL IV Therapy Deck (11):
Why do IV therapy?
1. Gives good access for infusions medications, fluids, blood, & blood products & nutritional supplements
2 Pt may need fluid for dehydration or surgery
Lay out equipment, monitor pt., discontinue IV therapy, and pt education
IV Fluids can contain what 4
Saline Solution with dextrose, sodium chloride & other electrolytes
Lacerated ringers most like human body Na+, K+, Ca, Cl
Begin IV Therapy
Use sterile technique
Remember to prime tubing
Secure in place
Calculating drip rates
(IV flow rates)
Total volume infused= vol/hour
To find drops permitted
Gtts/min = vol infused 1 hr x gtts/ml
Monitor what 3 things
1. Flow rate
2. Check for infiltration, infection, and phlebitis
3. Check every hour
IV fluids going into surrounding tissues
S/S: slowing of fluids ( pump may beep)
Cool to touch
If happens. D/C IV elevate warm compress
What is it?
Inflammation of a vein
If happens. D/C, warm compress
How to identify one?
Can be localized at IV site
Red with purulent exudate
If this happens culture and change site
Systemic infection may have fever , increased WBC, notify dr.