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Flashcards in FINAL IV Therapy Deck (11):
0

Why do IV therapy?

1. Gives good access for infusions medications, fluids, blood, & blood products & nutritional supplements

2 Pt may need fluid for dehydration or surgery

1

MA responsibilities

Lay out equipment, monitor pt., discontinue IV therapy, and pt education

2

IV Fluids can contain what 4

Saline Solution with dextrose, sodium chloride & other electrolytes

Lacerated ringers most like human body Na+, K+, Ca, Cl

3

Begin IV Therapy

Use sterile technique

Be trained

Remember to prime tubing

Secure in place

4

Calculating drip rates
(IV flow rates)

Total volume infused= vol/hour
_____________________
Total hours

5

To find drops permitted

Gtts/min = vol infused 1 hr x gtts/ml
_____________
60 minutes

6

Monitor what 3 things

1. Flow rate

2. Check for infiltration, infection, and phlebitis

3. Check every hour

7

Infiltration

IV fluids going into surrounding tissues
S/S: slowing of fluids ( pump may beep)
Cool to touch
If happens. D/C IV elevate warm compress

8

Phlebitis

What is it?

Inflammation of a vein
S/S:
Red
Painful
Swelling
Warm
If happens. D/C, warm compress

9

Infection

How to identify one?

S/S
Can be localized at IV site
Red with purulent exudate
If this happens culture and change site

Systemic infection may have fever , increased WBC, notify dr.

10

To discontinue IV

Pull tape off slowly toward the catheter
Remember to chart " catheter intact"
Apply pressure and dressing

Any complications (hematoma, bleeding) occur follow as if a venipuncture