Flashcards in First Aid pg 589-593 Reproductive Deck (18):
3 diseases and 4 drugs that can lead to gynecomastia in men?
Klinefelter (any hypogonadism)
(Spironolactone, digoxin , alcohol, Hormones, Cimetidine, Ketoconazole: “Some Drugs And Hormones cause Knockers"
Large mass of connective tissue and cysts with “leaf-like” lobulations.
Which 3 benign breast disease inc risk for cancer?
Which assoc with calcifications?
Sclerosing adenosis (Ca2+)
3 diseases assoc with lactiferous ducts, major duct
Terminal duct lobular unit
receptors assoc with malignant breast tumors
EGF - R (her2/neu)
overexpression of estrogen/progesterone R
Most important prognostic factor of breast cancer?
Axillary l.n. involvement
Breast cancer - microcalcifications
Ductal CA in situ
Eczematous patches on nipple
“rock-hard” mass, “stellate”
Assoc with dec e-cadherin
Invasive lobular CA
Why does cryptorchidism come with dec imparied spermatogenesis, can have normal testosterone ?
impaired spermatogenesis (since sperm develop best at temperatures
Testicular mass that does not transillumiate
Varicocele, testicular germ cell tumors
Most common extragonadal germ cell tumor in children/infants
What sex chr disorder has inc risk for testicular cancer?
Here's tumor markers - tell me which testicular tumor?
Inc AFP - yolk sac, mixed embryo CA
Inc HcG - chrorioCA, EmbryonalCA
ALP - seminoma (placental ALP)