First Aid pg 589-593 Reproductive Flashcards Preview

FIRST aid 2015 - Sahaja > First Aid pg 589-593 Reproductive > Flashcards

Flashcards in First Aid pg 589-593 Reproductive Deck (18):
1

3 diseases and 4 drugs that can lead to gynecomastia in men?

cirrhosis
Klinefelter (any hypogonadism)
Testicular tumor

Drugs:
(Spironolactone, digoxin , alcohol, Hormones, Cimetidine, Ketoconazole: “Some Drugs And Hormones cause Knockers"

2

Large mass of connective tissue and cysts with “leaf-like” lobulations.

Phyllodes tumor

3

Which 3 benign breast disease inc risk for cancer?
Which assoc with calcifications?

Intraductal papilloma
Sclerosing adenosis (Ca2+)

Phyllodes tumor

4

3 diseases assoc with lactiferous ducts, major duct

Intraductal papilloma
Abscess/mastitis
Paget disease

5

Terminal duct lobular unit

Fibrocystic change
DCIS
LCIS
Ductal carcinoma
Lobular carcinoma

6

Stroma diseases

Fibroadenoma
Phyllodes tumor

7

receptors assoc with malignant breast tumors

EGF - R (her2/neu)
overexpression of estrogen/progesterone R

8

Most important prognostic factor of breast cancer?

Axillary l.n. involvement

9

Breast cancer - microcalcifications
on mammography.

Ductal CA in situ

10

Eczematous patches on nipple

Paget disease

11

“rock-hard” mass, “stellate”
infiltration.

Invasive ductal

12

Assoc with dec e-cadherin

Invasive lobular CA

13

Why does cryptorchidism come with dec imparied spermatogenesis, can have normal testosterone ?

impaired spermatogenesis (since sperm develop best at temperatures

14

Testicular mass that does not transillumiate

Varicocele, testicular germ cell tumors

15

Most common extragonadal germ cell tumor in children/infants

sacrococcygeal teratomas

16

What sex chr disorder has inc risk for testicular cancer?

Klinefelters

17

Here's tumor markers - tell me which testicular tumor?
inc AFP
inc HcG
ALP

Inc AFP - yolk sac, mixed embryo CA
Inc HcG - chrorioCA, EmbryonalCA
ALP - seminoma (placental ALP)

18

Most common testic cancer in older men

Testicular lymphoma