First Aid pg 352-356 GI Flashcards Preview

FIRST aid 2015 - Sahaja > First Aid pg 352-356 GI > Flashcards

Flashcards in First Aid pg 352-356 GI Deck (25):
1

Which hernia goes through the both the superficial and deep inguinal ring?

Indirect Inguinal hernia

2

Hydrocele is due to failure of which embryonic process?

failure of processus vaginalis to close

3

Which hernia bulges out directly medial to inf epigastric artery?

direct inguinal hernia

4

Which hernia is covered only by external spermatic fascia?

direct inguinal hernia

5

Which hernia is much more common in females?

femoral hernia

6

Which regulatory substances decrease gastric acid secretion?

somatostatin, secretin, GIP

7

Which regulatory substance is produced by K cells?

GIP - glucose dep insulinotropic peptide

8

What is motilin's mech of action?

produces migrating motor complexes

9

Fatty acids increase the release of which GI substances?

CCK, Secretin, GIP

10

amino acids increase the release of which GI substances

gastrin, CCK, GIP

11

What hormone secreting tumor causes watery diarrhea, hypokalemia, achlorhydria?

VIP-oma

12

Loss of NO secretion is related to which GI issue?

Inc LES tone of achalasia

13

Where is VIP released from?

PNS ggl of sphincters, GB, and SI

14

Which hormone inc/dec GB contraction?

CCK/Somatostatin

15

Brunner glands of duod produce what?

HCO3-

16

Enterochromaffin cells release what that cause inc in gastric acid secretion?

Histamine

17

What stimulates enterochromaffin cells?

Gastrin

18

What distinguishes GI mucosal damage from other forms of malabsorption?

D-xylusose absorption test

19

What transporter is responsible for glucose and galactose uptake?

SGLT1

20

How is fructose uptake done?

facilitated diffusion

21

Where is Fe absorbed?

Absorbed as Fe2+ in duodenum

22

Folate is absorbed in ?

SI

23

M cells are located where? function?

in peyers patches; are antigen presenting cells

24

Which IG is secreted from Peyer's patches?

IgA

25

rate limiting step of bile acid synthesis?

cholesterol 7 alpha hydroxylase