Flashcards in food security Deck (22)
a situation when all ppl at all times have access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets diet needs and food preference for active/healthy life
what are 4 dimensions of food security?
availability, access, stability, utilization
situation that exists when secure access to appropriately nutritious diet is coupled w/ sanitary enviro, adequate health services, in order to ensure healthy active life for all household members
how does nutrition security differ from food security
also considers aspects of adequate caring practices, health, hygiene in addition to diet adequacy
what are 2 types malnutrition?
1) protein-energy malnutrition
2) micronutrient deficiency
three major micronutrient deficiencies?
vit. A, iodine, iron
most vulnerable groups affected by malnutrition?
chidren, pregnant/lactating women, elderly
malnutrition magnifies effect of other disease such as:
malaria, hinder brain development
3 ways malnutrition appears in kids?
stunting, wasting, underweight
what is wasting?
low weight for height
what is most critical state of malnutrition?
severe acute malnutrition (SAM)
what is RUTF?
ready-to-use therapeutic food
RUTF must be tested for:
bacterial content, aflatoxin lvl, pesticides, radioactivity
types of RUTF?
Plumpynut, BP-100 biscuits, HEBs, LNS, FBF
how to control micro deficiency?
1) ^ diversity food consumed
2) food fortification (enrichment)
main cause of micro deficiency?
diet lacks diversity
example of biofortification?
issues with rxn between iodine and iron solved by ______
breast milk has everything except ___
___ of total food produced is lost/wasted
produce that is not consumed, and/or ends up in soil/incinerated is counted as ___ or ___