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Flashcards in food security Deck (22):
1

a situation when all ppl at all times have access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets diet needs and food preference for active/healthy life

food security

2

what are 4 dimensions of food security?

availability, access, stability, utilization

3

situation that exists when secure access to appropriately nutritious diet is coupled w/ sanitary enviro, adequate health services, in order to ensure healthy active life for all household members

nutrition security

4

how does nutrition security differ from food security

also considers aspects of adequate caring practices, health, hygiene in addition to diet adequacy

5

what are 2 types malnutrition?

1) protein-energy malnutrition
2) micronutrient deficiency

6

three major micronutrient deficiencies?

vit. A, iodine, iron

7

most vulnerable groups affected by malnutrition?

chidren, pregnant/lactating women, elderly

8

malnutrition magnifies effect of other disease such as:

malaria, hinder brain development

9

3 ways malnutrition appears in kids?

stunting, wasting, underweight

10

what is wasting?

low weight for height

11

what is most critical state of malnutrition?

severe acute malnutrition (SAM)

12

what is RUTF?

ready-to-use therapeutic food

13

RUTF must be tested for:

bacterial content, aflatoxin lvl, pesticides, radioactivity

14

types of RUTF?

Plumpynut, BP-100 biscuits, HEBs, LNS, FBF

15

how to control micro deficiency?

1) ^ diversity food consumed
2) food fortification (enrichment)
3) supplementation
4) biofortification

16

main cause of micro deficiency?

diet lacks diversity

17

example of biofortification?

golden rice

18

issues with rxn between iodine and iron solved by ______

microencapsulation

19

breast milk has everything except ___

iron

20

___ of total food produced is lost/wasted

1/3-1/4

21

produce that is not consumed, and/or ends up in soil/incinerated is counted as ___ or ___

loss; waste

22

where does food loss/waste occur?

field loss, storage at farms, transportation, processing, consumption