Flashcards in Foot Deck (19):
Evertor Retinaculum = ?
Y shaped bifurcation medially
Flexor retinaculum = ?
what are the arches of the foot?
what are the main structure supporting the longitudinal arches?
Fibularis Longus tendon
what is the intrinsic muscle of the extensor compartment of the foot?
Extensor Digitorum Brevis (for ALL the digits)
what is the extensor expansion or hood?
triangular fan of tendon from all the extensors of the digits with apex at the distal phalanx and base at the metatarsal-phalangeal joint
the sole of the foot is divided into how many layers? they are?
Short, Long, Short, Short
the plantar aponeurosis divides the sole of the foot into how many spaces?
the FIRST layer of the sole of the foot contains which muscles
Abductor Digiti Minimi
Flexor Digitorum Brevis
the SECOND layer of the sole of the foot includes muscles from?
Tarsal Tunnel Tendons (Tom, Dick and Very Naughty Harris)
Lumbricals for adduction
Lumbricals for addiction in the second layer are associated with?
Flexor Digitorum Longus
What is the function of flexor accessorius?
Optimises the function of FDL and straightens the pull on the toes
2 heads from calcaneus
the THIRD layer of the sole of the foot includes muscles from?
Adductor Hallucis (oblique and transverse head)
Short Hallux and Digiti Minimi Flexors
the SHORT layer of the sole of the foot includes muscles from?
3 plantar interosseous (adduct)
4 dorsal interosseous (abduct)
NONE FOR BIG TOE
in the foot adduction and abduction is in regards to?
the second toe
where is the neuromuscular bundle of the sole of the foot located?
between layer 1 and 2
posterior tibial artery gives off what branches?
Middle and Lateral Branches
(lateral helps form the deep plantar arch)
Deep Plantar Arch is formed by?
Lateral plantar Artery + Termination of Dorsalis Pedis