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Flashcards in Foot Deck (19):
1

Evertor Retinaculum = ?

Lateral Retinaculum
Y shaped bifurcation medially

2

Flexor retinaculum = ?

Tarsal Tunnel

3

what are the arches of the foot?

2 longitudinal
1 transverse

4

what are the main structure supporting the longitudinal arches?

Spring Ligament
Plantar Ligaments
Plantar Aponeurosis
Fibularis Longus tendon

5

what is the intrinsic muscle of the extensor compartment of the foot?

Extensor Digitorum Brevis (for ALL the digits)

6

what is the extensor expansion or hood?

triangular fan of tendon from all the extensors of the digits with apex at the distal phalanx and base at the metatarsal-phalangeal joint

7

the sole of the foot is divided into how many layers? they are?

4 layers
Short, Long, Short, Short

8

the plantar aponeurosis divides the sole of the foot into how many spaces?

Lateral
Medial
Deep

9

the FIRST layer of the sole of the foot contains which muscles

Abductor Hallucis
Abductor Digiti Minimi
Flexor Digitorum Brevis

10

the SECOND layer of the sole of the foot includes muscles from?

Tarsal Tunnel Tendons (Tom, Dick and Very Naughty Harris)
Tibialis Anterior
Lumbricals for adduction
Flexor Accsseorius

11

Lumbricals for addiction in the second layer are associated with?

Flexor Digitorum Longus

12

What is the function of flexor accessorius?

Optimises the function of FDL and straightens the pull on the toes
2 heads from calcaneus

13

the THIRD layer of the sole of the foot includes muscles from?

Adductor Hallucis (oblique and transverse head)
Short Hallux and Digiti Minimi Flexors

14

the SHORT layer of the sole of the foot includes muscles from?

3 plantar interosseous (adduct)
4 dorsal interosseous (abduct)
NONE FOR BIG TOE

15

in the foot adduction and abduction is in regards to?

the second toe

16

where is the neuromuscular bundle of the sole of the foot located?

between layer 1 and 2

17

posterior tibial artery gives off what branches?

Middle and Lateral Branches
(lateral helps form the deep plantar arch)

18

Deep Plantar Arch is formed by?

Lateral plantar Artery + Termination of Dorsalis Pedis

19

what are the terminal branches of the tibial nerve?

lateral plantar nerve (little toe and first interweb + all intrinsic muscles of the foot)
Medial plantar nerve