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Flashcards in Public Health Deck (23):
1

Percentage of men and women who are overweight in Aus

~35%, total number has not increased as much but the percentage has increased considerably

2

does socioeconomic stratus affects the % of overweight people?

those in the lower tiers of income and education tend to be more overweight than those who have been better of

3

is there a causative effect between public transport/walking use and obesity?

No, just a relationship
Car usage has increased at the same rate as obesity

4

in global health the focus of analysis are world regions. These regions are

Africa
South East Asia
The Americas
European
Easter-Mediterranean Region
Western Pacific Region`

5

nowadays in total population out of ten deaths what are the most likely causes of death

6 non-communicable diseases
3 communicable/reproductive/nutritional
1 injury

6

what is epidemiological transition?

is a phase of development witnessed by a sudden and stark increase in population growth rates brought about by medical innovation in disease or sickness therapy and treatment, followed by a re-leveling of population growth from subsequent declines in fertility rates.

7

what is the biggest 2 causes of death in the world?

Cardiovascular Disease
Cerebrovascular Disease

8

Millennium Development Goals by 2015

1 To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
2 To achieve universal primary education
3 To promote gender equality and empower women
4 To reduce child mortality
5 To improve maternal health
6 To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
7 To ensure environmental sustainability
8 To develop a global partnership for development

9

what is the main cause of Years Loss to disability in the world

Unipolar Depressive Disorders

10

the main risk factor for mortality globally is ?

hypertension

11

What does the acronym MPower for tobacco control stand for?

Protect people from smoke
Offer Help to quit
Warn about the dangers of smoking
Enforce bans on tobacco advertising/promotion
Raise taxes

12

Smoking is on of the main risk factors for

IHD
Stroke
Cancer

13

BUGA UP stands for

Billboard utilising graffitists Against Unhealthy Promotions

14

where does most of the aboriginal population lives?

in metropolitan australia

15

what is the main eye problems affecting original australians?

Cataracts (12x)
Glaucoma
Trachoma
Refractive error

16

x/3 aboriginals get their eyes tested regularly

1/3

17

aboriginal Australians if healthy have better vision than regulars T/F

Yes --> 6/1.4

18

What if the causative agent of trachoma?

Clamydia trachomatis

19

what is the process of trachoma causing blindness?

Follicular conjunctivitis (in upper eyelid)
Re-infection and chronic inflammation
Upper eyelid scarring
Contracture of the eyelid
Eye-lashes tun inwards

20

what does the SAFE strategy for trachoma includes

Surgery
Antibiotics (Azythromycin)
Facial Cleanliness
Environmental Improvements

21

what does trichiasis mean?

ingrowth or introversion of the eyelashes.

22

What are the 3Ts for the diagnosis of trichiasis involve?

Think of it
thumb to lift the lid
Torch to see the lashes

23

Aboriginal people can obtain prescription glasses at a cost of how much in Victoria?

$10 thanks to the Victorian Aboriginal Subsidised Spectacle Scheme