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Flashcards in Foot Shaoyin 1-10 Deck (106)
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KI1 Yong Quan

Rushin Spring


KI1 Location

On the sole of the foot, between the second and third metatarsals, approx. 1/3 the distance on a line drawn from the base of the second toe to the heel of the foot, in a depression formed when the foot is plantar flexed


KI1 Needling

Perpendicular 0.5 - 1 cun


KI1 Associations

Jing Well

Wood Point

Child/Sedation Point

Entry Point

(Trigger Point)


KI1 TCM Actions

Descends excess from the head

Calms the spirit

Revives consciousness and rescues yang

Tonifies Yin, Clears empty heat


KI1 Indications

Revives consciousness: Loss of consciousness

Descend Excess: useful for LV Yang Rising or LV Fire - headaches, tinnitus, hypertension, epilepsy.

Calm Spirit/Shen: agitation, fear, rage, mental health

Tonify KD/HT Yin - insomnia, palpitations, anxiety, poor memory, mania, rage w/desire to kill, hot flashes, night sweats, cardiac inflammation, infertility, impotence

Clears heat: jaundice, constipation, dyspnea with thirst, coughing or vomiting blood

Cooling KD empty heat - chronic sore throat, dry mouth, low back pain, heat in soles of feet

Local/Channel: Lumbar pain, contracted sinews, foot cold and pain, fullness of ribs and chest





KI1 Notes

Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to descend the energy in the body particularly after qi gong exercises, energy healing sessions, etc. Useful for headache, nausea, insomnia, etc.

Important point in Taiji and Qigong for feeling the balance through the feet and where Yin is drawn upwards from the Earth, or Yang is drawn down towards. Zhuangzi, Book 6, The Great and Venerable Teacher, says: "The True Man breathes with his heels; the mass of men breathe with their throats"

 This is also one of the points in the 3 Treasures treatment along with Shanzhong Ren-17 and Baihui Du-20. The alchemist Ge Hong used moxa on these points for exorcism of ghosts ("Gui") with Yongquan Kid-1 especially indicated for nightmares of being subdued


KI1 Neuroanatomy

Superficial Innervation: Medial plantar nerve from L4 - L5
Dermatome Segment: L5


KI1 Trigger Point

Muscle: Adductor hallucis
Myotome Innervation: Lateral plantar nerve, from tibial nerve (L5 - S2)
Location Notes: Travell & Simons (1998) describe four points around Yongquan Kid-1, one slightly distal and three medial to the classical location
Pain Referral Pattern: Around points on ball and medial side of foot
Indications: Diseases of the foot


KI1 TCM Patterns

Liver Yang Rising

 Liver Fire

KD Yin Xu

HT Yang Xu


KI1 Nearby Points

Bafeng (EX-LE-10): On the dorsum of the foot between the toes, approx. 0.5 cun proximal to the margin of the web. These points include LV2, ST44, and GB43 


KI2 Ran Gu

Blazing Valley


KI2 Location

On the medial side of the foot, in the depression distal to the navicular tuberosity


KI2 Needling

Perpendicular 0.5 - 1 cun


KI2 Associations

Ying Spring

Fire Point

(Meeting of kidney with Yin Qiao Mai)

(Trigger Point)


KI2 TCM Actions

Calms deficiency heat

Regulates kidneys

Regulates lower jiao


KI2 Indications

Calms deficiency heat  - chronic sore throats, irritability, night sweats, thirst (Wasting and Thirsting disorder), feet hot/cold

Regulates lower jiao - generally useful for clearing excesses & acute presentations.

Regulates kidney and LJ - Lower abdomen/sex organ/genital issues - Irregular menstruation, infertility, uterine prolapse, seminal emissions, impotence, genital itching and/or pain, difficult urination..

Regulates kidneys - KD related emotional imbalances - fear of being apprehended, fright.

Local point for foot problems - swelling and/or pain, restless feet.

Moxa to tonify KD Yang.


KI2 TCM Patterns

KI Yin Deficiency


KI2 Notes

Important point for empty heat from Yin deficiency.

Ling Shu Ch. 24, On Counterflow Diseases, employs the point combination mentioned in Ch. 6 for the treatment of Heart pain. It advises piercing this point and Taixi Kid-3 when treating a severe piercing pain in the Heart associated with the Spleen. It also advises this point in cases of a Heart pain that feels like being struck, with a bent and painful back, associated with the Kidneys. In this case it is an addition to Jinggu Bl-64 and Kunlun Bl-60 if the patient either becomes mad or if the first two points do not relieve the pain.


KI2 Neuroanatomy

Superficial Innervation: Medial calcaneal branches of tibial nerve (S1 - S2)
Dermatome Segment: L4


KI2 Trigger Point

Muscle: Abductor hallucis
Myotome Innervation: Medial plantar nerve from tibial nerve from sciatic nerve (L4 - S3)
Pain Referral Pattern: All around the metatarso-phalangeal joint of the big toe
Indications: Disease of the metatarso-phalangeal joint of the big toe


KI2 Nearby Points

SP4 - In a depression distal and inferior to the base of the first metatarsal bone at the junction of red and white skin

UB63 - On the lateral side of the foot, directly below the anterior border of the lateral malleolus, on the lower border of the cuboid bone (posterior to the tuberosity of the fifth metatarsal bone)


KI3 Tai Xi

Supreme Stream


KI3 Location

In a depression between the medial malleolus and the Achilles tendon, level with the prominence of the medial mallelous


KI3 Needling

Perpendicular 0.5 - 1 cun or join to BL60


KI3 Associations

Yuan Source Pt

Shu Stream

Earth Point


KI3 TCM Actions

Tonifies kidney yang

Anchors the qi and benefits lungs

Nourishes kidney yin and clears deficiency heat

Strengthens lumbar spine


KI3 Indications

Tonify KD Qi, Yin or Yang Deficiencies from any etiology.

Anchors qi and benefits lung: Asthma from KD Deficiency - difficulty inhaling.

Tonifies Yin of KD (chronic sore throat, empty heat), LV (dizziness, tinnitus, headache) a/or HT (anxiety, insomnia, excessive dreaming).

Tonifies Yang of KD (impotence, premature ejaculation, seminal emission, weak low back/knees, frequent urination).

Low back pain, usually of a chronic nature.

Local point for heel a/or ankle pain.


KI3 TCM Patterns

Kidney Qi Deficiency

Kidney Yang Deficiency

Kidney Yin Deficiency


KI3 Notes

Foremost point for treating Kidney deficiencies of Yin and Yang. KID 3 is important to use for any Kidney deficiency pattern. Clinically, Yuan-Source points are of great significance in treating diseases of the internal organs. Yuan-Source points are the sites where the Yuan (Primary) qi of the Zang-Fu organs passes and stays. Puncturing the Yuan-Source points stimulates the vital energy of the regular meridians, regulates the functional activities of the internal organs, reinforces antipathogenic factors and eliminates pathogenic factors. This method of treating diseases deals principally with the root causes. The Yuan (source) point from the affected meridian is often combined with the Luo (Connecting) point of the internally-externally related meridians in use. Shu-Stream points are where the qi starts to pour down the meridian. They are known to alleviate heaviness and pain in the joints. On Yin Meridians, Shu-Stream points are identical to the actions of Yuan-Source points.


Ling Shu Ch. 9, On Ends and Beginnings, advises that in the case of Heat associated with receding Yin Qi the Yang conduit should be pierced once and the Yin conduits twice. Based on other recommendation to use the He-Sea of the Yang conduits (Ch. 19) and the Yuan-Source with the Ying-Spring points (Chs. 6, 19 and 24) to clear Heat from the Zangfu, that would suggest this point, Weizhong Bl-40 and Rangu Kid-2 as a protocol to clear Heat in the Kidney/Bladder.