KI1 Yong Quan
On the sole of the foot, between the second and third metatarsals, approx. 1/3 the distance on a line drawn from the base of the second toe to the heel of the foot, in a depression formed when the foot is plantar flexed
Perpendicular 0.5 - 1 cun
KI1 TCM Actions
Descends excess from the head
Calms the spirit
Revives consciousness and rescues yang
Tonifies Yin, Clears empty heat
Revives consciousness: Loss of consciousness
Descend Excess: useful for LV Yang Rising or LV Fire - headaches, tinnitus, hypertension, epilepsy.
Calm Spirit/Shen: agitation, fear, rage, mental health
Tonify KD/HT Yin - insomnia, palpitations, anxiety, poor memory, mania, rage w/desire to kill, hot flashes, night sweats, cardiac inflammation, infertility, impotence
Clears heat: jaundice, constipation, dyspnea with thirst, coughing or vomiting blood
Cooling KD empty heat - chronic sore throat, dry mouth, low back pain, heat in soles of feet
Local/Channel: Lumbar pain, contracted sinews, foot cold and pain, fullness of ribs and chest
Tong Ren/Tam Healing System: Used to descend the energy in the body particularly after qi gong exercises, energy healing sessions, etc. Useful for headache, nausea, insomnia, etc.
Important point in Taiji and Qigong for feeling the balance through the feet and where Yin is drawn upwards from the Earth, or Yang is drawn down towards. Zhuangzi, Book 6, The Great and Venerable Teacher, says: "The True Man breathes with his heels; the mass of men breathe with their throats"
This is also one of the points in the 3 Treasures treatment along with Shanzhong Ren-17 and Baihui Du-20. The alchemist Ge Hong used moxa on these points for exorcism of ghosts ("Gui") with Yongquan Kid-1 especially indicated for nightmares of being subdued
Superficial Innervation: Medial plantar nerve from L4 - L5
Dermatome Segment: L5
KI1 Trigger Point
Muscle: Adductor hallucis
Myotome Innervation: Lateral plantar nerve, from tibial nerve (L5 - S2)
Location Notes: Travell & Simons (1998) describe four points around Yongquan Kid-1, one slightly distal and three medial to the classical location
Pain Referral Pattern: Around points on ball and medial side of foot
Indications: Diseases of the foot
KI1 TCM Patterns
Liver Yang Rising
KD Yin Xu
HT Yang Xu
KI1 Nearby Points
Bafeng (EX-LE-10): On the dorsum of the foot between the toes, approx. 0.5 cun proximal to the margin of the web. These points include LV2, ST44, and GB43
KI2 Ran Gu
On the medial side of the foot, in the depression distal to the navicular tuberosity
Perpendicular 0.5 - 1 cun
(Meeting of kidney with Yin Qiao Mai)
KI2 TCM Actions
Calms deficiency heat
Regulates lower jiao
Calms deficiency heat - chronic sore throats, irritability, night sweats, thirst (Wasting and Thirsting disorder), feet hot/cold
Regulates lower jiao - generally useful for clearing excesses & acute presentations.
Regulates kidney and LJ - Lower abdomen/sex organ/genital issues - Irregular menstruation, infertility, uterine prolapse, seminal emissions, impotence, genital itching and/or pain, difficult urination..
Regulates kidneys - KD related emotional imbalances - fear of being apprehended, fright.
Local point for foot problems - swelling and/or pain, restless feet.
Moxa to tonify KD Yang.
KI2 TCM Patterns
KI Yin Deficiency
Important point for empty heat from Yin deficiency.
Ling Shu Ch. 24, On Counterflow Diseases, employs the point combination mentioned in Ch. 6 for the treatment of Heart pain. It advises piercing this point and Taixi Kid-3 when treating a severe piercing pain in the Heart associated with the Spleen. It also advises this point in cases of a Heart pain that feels like being struck, with a bent and painful back, associated with the Kidneys. In this case it is an addition to Jinggu Bl-64 and Kunlun Bl-60 if the patient either becomes mad or if the first two points do not relieve the pain.
Superficial Innervation: Medial calcaneal branches of tibial nerve (S1 - S2)
Dermatome Segment: L4
KI2 Trigger Point
Muscle: Abductor hallucis
Myotome Innervation: Medial plantar nerve from tibial nerve from sciatic nerve (L4 - S3)
Pain Referral Pattern: All around the metatarso-phalangeal joint of the big toe
Indications: Disease of the metatarso-phalangeal joint of the big toe
KI2 Nearby Points
SP4 - In a depression distal and inferior to the base of the first metatarsal bone at the junction of red and white skin
UB63 - On the lateral side of the foot, directly below the anterior border of the lateral malleolus, on the lower border of the cuboid bone (posterior to the tuberosity of the fifth metatarsal bone)
KI3 Tai Xi
In a depression between the medial malleolus and the Achilles tendon, level with the prominence of the medial mallelous
Perpendicular 0.5 - 1 cun or join to BL60
Yuan Source Pt
KI3 TCM Actions
Tonifies kidney yang
Anchors the qi and benefits lungs
Nourishes kidney yin and clears deficiency heat
Strengthens lumbar spine
Tonify KD Qi, Yin or Yang Deficiencies from any etiology.
Anchors qi and benefits lung: Asthma from KD Deficiency - difficulty inhaling.
Tonifies Yin of KD (chronic sore throat, empty heat), LV (dizziness, tinnitus, headache) a/or HT (anxiety, insomnia, excessive dreaming).
Tonifies Yang of KD (impotence, premature ejaculation, seminal emission, weak low back/knees, frequent urination).
Low back pain, usually of a chronic nature.
Local point for heel a/or ankle pain.
KI3 TCM Patterns
Kidney Qi Deficiency
Kidney Yang Deficiency
Kidney Yin Deficiency
Foremost point for treating Kidney deficiencies of Yin and Yang. KID 3 is important to use for any Kidney deficiency pattern. Clinically, Yuan-Source points are of great significance in treating diseases of the internal organs. Yuan-Source points are the sites where the Yuan (Primary) qi of the Zang-Fu organs passes and stays. Puncturing the Yuan-Source points stimulates the vital energy of the regular meridians, regulates the functional activities of the internal organs, reinforces antipathogenic factors and eliminates pathogenic factors. This method of treating diseases deals principally with the root causes. The Yuan (source) point from the affected meridian is often combined with the Luo (Connecting) point of the internally-externally related meridians in use. Shu-Stream points are where the qi starts to pour down the meridian. They are known to alleviate heaviness and pain in the joints. On Yin Meridians, Shu-Stream points are identical to the actions of Yuan-Source points.
Ling Shu Ch. 9, On Ends and Beginnings, advises that in the case of Heat associated with receding Yin Qi the Yang conduit should be pierced once and the Yin conduits twice. Based on other recommendation to use the He-Sea of the Yang conduits (Ch. 19) and the Yuan-Source with the Ying-Spring points (Chs. 6, 19 and 24) to clear Heat from the Zangfu, that would suggest this point, Weizhong Bl-40 and Rangu Kid-2 as a protocol to clear Heat in the Kidney/Bladder.