Foot Yangming 1-11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Foot Yangming 1-11 Deck (113)
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1

ST1 Cheng Qi

Container of Tears

2

ST1 Location

With the eyes looking directly forwards, this point is located directly below the pupil between the eyeball and the infraorbital ridge.

3

ST1 Needling

With the patients eyes closed and looking straight up, use a finger to move the eyeball upwards and insert the needle, at first slightly inferiorly, then perpedicularly, between the eyeball and the inferior wall of the orbit, 0.5 - 1 cun.

4

ST1 Precautions

Needle should be inserted slowly without lifting, thrusting or rotating. Immediately on withdrawal, press firmly with a cotton but for about a minute to prevent haematoma. According to several classical texts this point is contradindicated to moxibustion

5

ST1 Associations

Entry Point

 

 

6

ST1 TCM Actions

Benefits eyes and stops lacrimation

Eliminates wind and clears heat

7

ST1 Indications

Benefits eyes and stops lacrimation: Eye problems - itching, lacrimation from wind, pain, redness, swelling, vision problems

Eliminates wind and clears heat: Deafness, Deviation of mouth and eye, Tinnitus

Any eye issue, although ST 2 is a good alternative and arguably safer to needle.

 

8

ST1 Neuroanatomy (fun)

Superficial Innervation: CN V1 ophthalamic branch of trigeminal
Dermatome Segment: CN V1 ophthalamic branch of trigeminal

9

ST1 TCM Patterns

Liver Wind

10

ST1 Nearby Points

UB1 -In a depression, .1 cun above the inner canthus of the eye

UB2 - On the medial end of the eyebrow, directly above the inner canthus of the eye (on the supraorbital notch).

 

11

ST2 Sibai

Four Whites

12

ST2 Location

With the eyes looking straight ahead this point is located directly below the pupil in a depression at the infraorbital foramen

13

ST2 Needling

Perpendicular insertion 0.2 - 0.4 cun Transverse insertion to join with such points and Quanliao S.I.-18, Yingxiang L.I.-20, etc. Oblique insertion supero-laterally, along the infraorbital foramen 0.3 - 0.5 cun

14

ST2 Precautions

Contraindicated to moxa

i. deep insertion along foramen may injure eyeball

ii. manipulation by lifting and thrusting is contraindicated due to risk of damaging the infraorbital nerve which emerges from the foramen

15

ST2 Point Associations 

None

16

ST2  TCM Actions

  1. Eliminates wind, clears heat, benefits eyes

17

ST2 Indications

Expels wind, clear heat, benefits eyes: Eye redness, pain and itching of the eye, facial paralysis/pain, lacrimation, twitching of eye lids

Good alternative to ST 1 and safer to needle for those not properly trained.

18

ST Neuroanatomy (fun)

Superficial Innervation: Infraorbital nerve, from maxillary branch of trigeminal nerve (V2)
Dermatome Segment: CN V2 maxillary branch of trigeminal

19

ST2 TCM Patterns

Liver and Gallbladder Damp Heat

20

ST2 Nearby Points

SI18  - Directly below outer canthus of the eye in a depression on the lower border of the zygoma.

21

ST3 Ju Liao

Great Crevice

22

ST3 Location

With the eyes looking directly forwards, this point is located directly below the pupil, level with the lower border of the ala nasi, on the lateral side of the naso-labial groove.

23

ST3 Needling

Perpendicular insertion 0.3 - 0.4 cun, or transverse insertion to join with such points as Dicang ST-4, Quanliao S.I.-18, etc

24

ST3 Associations 

No hats.

Intersection Point of the ST, LI & Yangqiao Meridians

25

ST3 TCM Patterns

Liver Wind

26

ST3 TCM Actions

  1. Eliminates wind
  2. Relieves swelling and pain

27

ST3 Indications

Dispels wind, relieves swelling and pain: Local point - Twitching eyelids, pain a/or swelling of the cheek, trigeminal neuralgia, toothache. Deviation from Bell's palsy, facial paralysis, stroke

Swelling of the knee (Deadman text).

 

28

ST3 Neuroanatomy (fun)

Superficial Innervation: Infraorbital nerve, from maxillary branch of trigeminal nerve (V2)
Dermatome Segment: CN V2 maxillary branch of trigeminal

29

ST3 Trigger Point

The trigger point location for zygomaticus major would lie slightly inferior to this point, between Juliao St-3 and Dicang St-4 (Travell & Simons, 1998, Trigger Point Manual)

30

ST3 Nearby Points

SI18 - Directly below the outer canthus of the eye in a depression on the lower border of the zygoma.