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Flashcards in Hand Taiyang 1-10 Deck (104)
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SI1 Shaoze

Lesser Marsh


SI1 Location

0.1 cun posterior to the corner of the nail on the ulnar side of the little finger


SI1 Needling

Perpendicular or oblique insertion directed proximally 0.1-0.2 cun or prick to bleed


SI1 Associations

Jing Well

Metal Point

Entry Point


SI1 Indications

Conditions / Symptoms:

Fainting (Loss of Consciousness)

Arm Pain

Throat pain

Stiff tongue


Breast Distention/Cancer

Insufficient Lactation



Eye Problems


Ear problems

Dizziness (Vertigo)



Empirical point for insufficient lactation

Breast disorders of any etiology, insufficient lactation, mastitis, breast abscess, cysts.

Jing Well Point, clear heat from the opposite end of the channel, for eye redness, earache, tinnitus, sore throat, stiff tongue.

Local point for problems of the little finger and the course of the channel - pain and/or weakness of the arm and/or shoulder.  



SI1 TCM Actions

Clears heat and benefits sensory orifices

Revives consciousness

Promotes lactation and benefits breasts


SI1 TCM Patterns

Liver Fire


SI1 Neuroanatomy

Superficial Innervation: Ulnar nerve (digital branch) from C8 and T1
Dermatome Segment: C8


SI1 Nearby Points

TH1 - 0.1 cun posterior to the corner of the nail on the ulnar side of the ring finger

HT9 - 0.1 cun from the corner of the nail on the radial side of the little finger


SI1 Notes

SI 1 is an empirical point for insufficient lactation. Jing-Well points are where the qi bubbles up. Jing-Well points are indicated to revive consciousness. Jing-Well points are known to treat fullness below the Heart and clear Heat.

Most commonly used clinically for swelling of the breast, breast abscess, and absence of lactation (often with RN17)




SI2 Qian Gu

Front Valley


SI2 Location

On the ulnar border of the little finger, in a depression just distal to the metacarpo-phalangeal joint


SI2 Needling

Oblique distal insertion 0.2-0.3, or perpendicular oblique insertion toward the palm 0.5 cun


SI2 Associations

Ying Spring 

Water Point


SI2 Indications

Conditions / Symptoms:

Dark urine


Sweaty Palms (Hyperhidrosis)


Swelling of throat, cheek, neck

Hand, Fingers Pain, numbness

Eye problems - bursting eye pain!

Ear problems - tinnitus, swelling of cheek into ear pain

Sore throat 



Local point for pain, swelling, numbness of the fingers. 

As the water point it will remove heat - febrile disease, hot palms, darker urine.

Clear heat from the opposite end of the channel, tinnitus, headache, sore throat, neck, ear and/or eye pain and/or swelling.  


SI2 TCM Actions

Clears wind-heat and reduces swelling

Benefits eyes, ears, throat

Activates channel and alleviates pain


SI2 TCM Patterns

Liver Fire


SI2 Neuroanatomy

Superficial Innervation: Ulnar nerve (digital branch) from C8 and T1
Dermatome Segment: C8


SI2 Notes

Ying-Spring points are where the qi dribbles down the meridian. Ying-Spring points are indicated for heat in the body and changes in the complexion. Ying-Spring points are known to clear heat from the meridian.



SI2 Nearby Points

TH2 - 0.5 cun proximal to the margin of the web between the 4th and 5th digits in a depression when fist is clenched

EX-UE-9 Baxie - On the dorsum of the hand, at the webs of each finger at the junction of the red and white skin


SI3 Houxi

Back Stream


SI3 Location

On the ulnar border of the hand, in the substantial depression proximal to the head of the fifth metacarpal.


SI3 Needling

Perpendicular 0.5- 2 cun directed towards LI3. Needle with the hand in a loose fist so the metacarpal bones are aligned, especially if needling towards opposite end of the hand.


SI3 Associations

Shu Stream

Wood Point

Mother Point

Confluent of Du Mai (coupled with BL62)


SI3 Indications

Conditions / Symptoms:

Arm Pain

Shoulder Pain

Neck Pain



Night Sweats (Sleep Hyperhidrosis)


Sore Throat

Eye Problems

Ear Problems


Master Point of the GV, effects entire pathway.

Pain in the scapula, arm a/or hand combine with local points.

Stiff neck, cervical strain/sprain, pain of the back or neck.

Occipital headaches, combine with local points.

Night sweats, combine with HT 6.

Clears heat and excess from the head, ears and eyes, eye redness, inflammation, visual dizziness, earache, tinnitus, sore throat.

Calms the spirit, anxiety, manic depression.  


SI3 TCM Actions

Benefits the occiput, neck and back

Activates the channel and alleviates pain

Clear wind heat 

Calms the spirit and treats epilepsy

Clears heat and benefits sensory orifices

Regulates the Du Mai



SI3 TCM Patterns

Heart Blood Stagnation

Liver Wind


SI3 Neuroanatomy

Superficial Innervation: Ulnar nerve (digital branch) from C8 and T1
Dermatome Segment: C8


SI3 Notes

One of the main distal points for neck and shoulder pain along with ST38 for shoulders and Luozhen for neck.

In five element acupuncture this point is reinforced to tonify Small Intestine deficiencies

Yuen (2005, The Eight Extraordinary Vessels) notes that this point, along with Zulinqi GB-41, is a Shu-Stream point instead of a Luo point like all the other extraordinary vessels because the Du, along with the Dai mai, are concerned with projecting out into the world while the other extraordinary vessels are about taking in from the outside world. 

SI 3 is an excellent point for neck and back issues when coupled with UB 62. Shu-Stream points are where the qi starts to pour down the meridian. They are known to alleviate heaviness and pain in the joints. On Yin Meridians, Shu-Stream points are identical to the actions of Yuan-Source points.



SI3 Nearby Points

TH3 - Dorsum of the hand, with fist clenched between 4th and 5th metacarpal bones in a depression proximal to the 4th metacarpophalangeal joint

HE8 - When a loose fist is made, this is where the tip of the little finger comes to rest, between the 4th and 5th metacarpal bones