Flashcards in Forum - Rome - Forum of Augustus Deck (21):
25 - 22 BC
Where about was it? (Compared to the main forum of Rome)
Which forum is it similar to in terms of layout?
Where was entry from?
What was the first thing you saw when you entered from the south west?
Temple of Mars the avenger
Where were the colonnades?
Down two longer sides
How was the symmetrical shape emphasized?
Cross-axis formed by pair of semi-circular recesses
How was the decoration 'rich'?
Why wasn't there focus on social or business activity?
Main forum remained nearby for that
How was the access not as open as nearby forums?
Huge rear wall formed a barrier
What did the wide spaces encourage?
What did the temple provide?
What did the temple also demonstrate aside from religious grandeur?
Political power (necessary for fledging empire)
Why did Octavian promise to build a temple honouring Mars?
Mars was the roman God of War; and he promised it during the battle of Phillippi in 42 BC.
What did the temple of mars allow Augustus to do in regards to his relationship with his adopted father?
Allowed I'm to link himself with divine father, obtaining strong link to the roman population.
When did construction begin?
What did the initial plans call for?
More space than he had
What statues did the forum contain?
Notably statues of Augustus in full military outfit in the centre of the forum
How many portrait statues were in total?
What is the forum made of?
Ashlar blocks of tufa with carrara marble