Forum - Rome - Forum of Augustus Flashcards Preview

Classics - Unit 2 > Forum - Rome - Forum of Augustus > Flashcards

Flashcards in Forum - Rome - Forum of Augustus Deck (21):
1

When?

25 - 22 BC

2

Where about was it? (Compared to the main forum of Rome)

North

3

Which forum is it similar to in terms of layout?

Pompeii

4

Where was entry from?

South west

5

What was the first thing you saw when you entered from the south west?

Temple of Mars the avenger

6

Where were the colonnades?

Down two longer sides

7

How was the symmetrical shape emphasized?

Cross-axis formed by pair of semi-circular recesses

8

How was the decoration 'rich'?

Marble everywhere!

9

Why wasn't there focus on social or business activity?

Main forum remained nearby for that

10

How was the access not as open as nearby forums?

Huge rear wall formed a barrier

11

What did the wide spaces encourage?

Socialisation

12

What did the temple provide?

Religious grandeur

13

What did the temple also demonstrate aside from religious grandeur?

Political power (necessary for fledging empire)

14

Why did Octavian promise to build a temple honouring Mars?

Mars was the roman God of War; and he promised it during the battle of Phillippi in 42 BC.

15

What did the temple of mars allow Augustus to do in regards to his relationship with his adopted father?

Allowed I'm to link himself with divine father, obtaining strong link to the roman population.

16

When did construction begin?

20 BC

17

What did the initial plans call for?

More space than he had

18

What statues did the forum contain?

Notably statues of Augustus in full military outfit in the centre of the forum

19

How many portrait statues were in total?

108

20

What is the forum made of?

Ashlar blocks of tufa with carrara marble

21

What were the enclosing walls made of?

Local roman stone