Baths - Rome - Baths of Caracalla Flashcards Preview

Classics - Unit 2 > Baths - Rome - Baths of Caracalla > Flashcards

Flashcards in Baths - Rome - Baths of Caracalla Deck (26):
1

When was it built?

211-215 AD

2

Who built it?

Caracalla

3

Why did Caracalla build it?

Statement of imperial power and to cement his position to the people

4

How much did the huge platform cover?

100,000 square metres

5

How many entrances did the Baths of Caracalla have?

4

6

Comment on the 4 entrances?

They were cross-vaulted in three bays and had huge piers to support.

7

The overall scale of the baths of Caracalla?

225 x 185 x 35

8

What did the central imposing block have?

Natation, frigidarium and circular caladarium

9

How were the natation, frigidarium and circular caladium aligned?

Central axis

10

How many men did it take to build the baths of Caracalla?

9,000

11

How long did it take to build the baths of Caracalla?

5 years

12

How much earth was removed to build the baths of Caracalla?

150,000 cm

13

How much tufa and mortar was brought in to build the baths of Caracalla?

280,000 cm of tufa and mortar

14

How much brick was brought in to build?

15 million pieces

15

What kind of columns were created, and were they necessary?

Ornate - architectural statement.

16

What were the baths made of?

Granite, basalt and alabaster

17

What was the water capacity of the baths of Caracalla?

8.2 million litre

18

What streets were created parallel to allow the full effect of the baths?

Via nova and via appai

19

What was the decor like in the main rooms?

A mix of statues, exotic marble facing and mosaic work

20

How were the columns positioned at the exterior?

Multi-tiered ranks

21

What did the Baths of Caracalla want to achieve by having multi-tiered ranks of columns and niches?

Recall theatre frontages

22

What else did the Baths of Caracalla provide?

Public facilities e.g. libraries etc

23

What were the actual baths like?

Gaint frigidarium at centre (three cross vaults and bays in each corner with plunge baths)

24

Where was the palaestra?

East wing

25

How was the palaestra open?

Portico of corinthian columns on each side

26

How many exhedra's were there?

3