Flashcards in Ostia Deck (28):
What was Ostia originally?
A roman military base
When was Ostia used as a roman military base?
During civil war of 87 BC - sullans vs marians
What was Ostia key to?
Defence and trading ability
Why did it take so long for Ostia to become main harbour of Rome?
Its shoreline didn't offer natural protection to ships
How long did it keep developing until?
3rd century AD
Where was Ostia?
Mouth of the tiber
How close was Ostia to Rome?
30 kilometres West
What was Ostia based around?
A formal forum
What kind of plan does the north-east part of the city have?
What flanked the streets?
What was the layout of Ostia like at the beginning?
Regular at first; small rectangular based around the forum spilt by main NS and WE road.
What did the initial period of growth involve?
Spreading streets west and south in irregular fashion
What happened in 80BC?
Walls built enclosing the original and extended town; new development to the east of the original schools and colleges.
Where were the two temples built?
North side - early
What happened in 79 involving the population?
Insulae introduced to accommodate workers for corn supply.
An example of a insular in Ostia?
What did the return to domus mean?
How did Ostia originally obtain water?
Wells or local rivers, provided from aqueducts
When were aqueducts available for Ostia>
First half of the 1st century AD
How was the sewage system modern?
Private toilets, and private wealthy houses had private water supplies.
When was a theatre received and where?
1st century AD -east
What happened in 1st century AD?
There was developments
What didn't Ostia have?
A large amphitheatre
How many public baths did Ostia have?
What was the eastern part of the city known as?
The commercial part.
What effect did the economy collapse after political chaos have on Ostia?
Building minimal and the number of inscriptions dropped ((old bricks and inscriptions were reused), population shrunk.
When was there a earthquake documented in Ostia?