Temples - Rome - Temple of Vesta Flashcards Preview

Classics - Unit 2 > Temples - Rome - Temple of Vesta > Flashcards

Flashcards in Temples - Rome - Temple of Vesta Deck (25):
1

Where was it located?

Roman Forum

2

What two buildings was it near in the forum?

Regia and House of the Vestal Virgins

3

Was it greek or roman architecture?

Greek

4

What type of columns surrounded the cella?

Corinthian

5

How many columns surrounded the central cella?

20 corinthian columns

6

Was it on a podium?

Yes

7

How high was the podium in which it stood?

15m

8

What did the roof have at the apex?

Vent

9

Why was there a vent at the apex?

To allow smoke release

10

Why did it have a eastern entrance?

Symbolise the connection between Vesta's fire and the sun as sources of life

11

Where was the entrance from?

The east

12

What did many romans believe the extinction of the flame meant?

Sign of disaster

13

What was it made out of?

Marble

14

Where did the cult activity date as far back as?

7th century BCE

15

Who was it built by?

Pompollius

16

What did Pompollius also build?

The Regia and house of the vestal virgins

17

Where did it stand?

In the sacred Grove

18

What was the sacred grove?

Graveyard for priests etc

19

What was in the cella instead of a cult statue?

A hearth that contained a sacred flame

20

What was its other function?

Storehouse for legal wills and documents of Roman senators

21

What cult object was found there?

The palladium

22

Why did it burn twice?

Once in the fire of rome

23

What was it built in imitation of?

A primitive round hut

24

What does the hearth fire symbolize?

Purity of Roman State

25

What was unusual about this temple?

It didn't contain any images of Vesta