Temples - Pompeii - Capitolium Flashcards Preview

Classics - Unit 2 > Temples - Pompeii - Capitolium > Flashcards

Flashcards in Temples - Pompeii - Capitolium Deck (27):
1

When was it constructed?

150 BC - 175 BC

2

Who was it dedicated to?

The capitoline triad

3

Who did the capitoline triad consist of?

Jupiter, Juno and Minerva

4

Where about was it in the forum?

North extremity (focal point)

5

Where did it close the forum off from?

The north

6

When was it converted?

80 BC

7

Why was it converted?

As part of the new italic forum / Pompeii became a colony in 80 BC

8

How was its position dominant?

It was on a high podium

9

How was the temple reached then if it was on a high podium?

Double flight of steps

10

What did this imposing temple remind the pompeians?

The power of Rome

11

What was the actual purpose of the capitolium?

City treasury (as well as being a temple dedicated to the capitoline triad)

12

How high was the capitoline?

3m

13

What were the dimensions of the temple? (which made it large and imposing)

37m x 17m

14

What kind of design was it?

Hexastyle

15

What is the temple also known as?

Temple of Jupiter

16

When was it badly damaged?

62 BC

17

What happened after it was badly damaged in 62 BC?

Repairs began, but were not finished by the 79 eruption

18

What was on either side of the temple?

A triumphant arch

19

Who was the triumphant arch on the left dedicated to?

Tiberius

20

Who was the triumphant arch on the right dedicated to?

Nero

21

What was the 4x7 fluted columns on the front called?

Tetrastyle pronaos

22

What type of columns made up the prunes in front of the triple cella?

Corinthian

23

What was the black wall veneered in?

Marble

24

Who had access to the triple cella?

Priests only

25

What was below the main hall?

A chamber

26

What happened in the chamber below the main hall?

Sacrificial offerings were stored there along with the city treasury

27

What did the base measure?

121 x 56 x 10 feet