Flashcards in Temples - Pompeii - Capitolium Deck (27):
When was it constructed?
150 BC - 175 BC
Who was it dedicated to?
The capitoline triad
Who did the capitoline triad consist of?
Jupiter, Juno and Minerva
Where about was it in the forum?
North extremity (focal point)
Where did it close the forum off from?
When was it converted?
Why was it converted?
As part of the new italic forum / Pompeii became a colony in 80 BC
How was its position dominant?
It was on a high podium
How was the temple reached then if it was on a high podium?
Double flight of steps
What did this imposing temple remind the pompeians?
The power of Rome
What was the actual purpose of the capitolium?
City treasury (as well as being a temple dedicated to the capitoline triad)
How high was the capitoline?
What were the dimensions of the temple? (which made it large and imposing)
37m x 17m
What kind of design was it?
What is the temple also known as?
Temple of Jupiter
When was it badly damaged?
What happened after it was badly damaged in 62 BC?
Repairs began, but were not finished by the 79 eruption
What was on either side of the temple?
A triumphant arch
Who was the triumphant arch on the left dedicated to?
Who was the triumphant arch on the right dedicated to?
What was the 4x7 fluted columns on the front called?
What type of columns made up the prunes in front of the triple cella?
What was the black wall veneered in?
Who had access to the triple cella?
What was below the main hall?
What happened in the chamber below the main hall?
Sacrificial offerings were stored there along with the city treasury