France - Alsace (regions/sub-zones) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in France - Alsace (regions/sub-zones) Deck (49):
1

AOP of

Alsace & Lorraine

Alsace AOP
Alsace Grand Cru AOP

Cremant d'Alsace AOP

Cotes de Toule AOP
(Lorraine)

Moselle AOP
(Lorraine)

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2

Quickly name 5 Grand Cru of

Bas Rhine

Steinklotz
-northernmost in all Alsace

Kastelberg
-smallest in Bas Rhine

Frankstein
-southernmost in Bas Rhine
-largest in Bas Rhine

Zotzenberg
-only GC to allow Sylvaner

Muenchberg -OR- Moenchenberg
-both "munchies" are here

3

Quickly name 5 Grand Cru of

Haut Rhine

Praelatenberg
-northernmost of Haut Rhine

Kanzlerberg
-smallest in all Alsace (3ha)

Schlossberg
-largest in all Alsace (80ha)

Rangen
-southernmost in all Alsace
-considered one of the best Grand Crus
--home of:
---Clos St. Urbain (Zind-Humbrecht)
---Clos Theobald (Schoffit)

Rosacker
-site of Clos St. Hune

Osterberg & Geisberg
-home the the site of Cuvée Frederic Emile

4

Name Two Grand Crus that allow blending of grapes

Kaefferkopf
-(Ammerschwihr, in Haut Rhine)

Altenberg de Bergheim
-(Bergheim, in Haut Rhine)

5

What wines in Alsace must be hand harvested?

Pinot Noir
(labeled with a lieu-dit)

Pinot Gris
(labeled with a lieu-dit)

VT

SGN

6

What is Edelzwicker?

{Alsace}

An Alsatian white wine.

May contain one varietal or be a blend.
- no noble grapes required
- cannot list variety or varieties

Not required to be vintage dated.

7

What is Gentil?

{Alsace}

An Alsatian blended wine.

50% min NOBLE grapes.

Appoved Alsace AOP varieties may make up the rest.

Wines must be vinified separately.

8

Cremant d'Alsace AOP

(Spk W, Spk Rs)

Sparkling Only!!
White - Rose
-Traditional Method-

~80 hl/ha~
~9% min ABV~

White
(RAP-PCP)
Riesling, Auxerrois, Pinot Blanc,
Pinot Gris, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir

- "White Alsatian RAPpers use PCP" -

Rose
100% Pinot Noir

----------

*9 months min on lees

4 ATM min pressure
(only here, Burgundy, and Loire are 4)

100 liters per 150 kg of grapes
Max press yield

9

Varietal minimum for label in

Alsace AOP

100%

10

White ONLY

Sub-Zone(s)

of Alsace AOP

WCBS-BCK-VV
"WCBS is BaCK with Noble Greg!"

Wolxheim
(100% Riesling)

Cotes de Barr
(100% Sylvaner)

Blienschwiller
(100% Sylvaner)

Scherwiller
(100% Rielsing)

Bergheim
(??? - approved in 2012; details not released in AOP doc yet)

Coteaux de Hauts Koenigsbourg
(??? - approved in 2012; details not released in AOP doc yet)

Klevener de Heiligenstein
(100% Klevener/Savagnin Rosé)

Vallee Noble
(Riesling + Pinot Gris + Gewurz)

Val Saint Gregoire
(Auxerrois + Pinot Gris + Pinot Blanc)

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11

Red ONLY

Sub-Zone(s)

of Alsace AOP

(100% Pinot Noir)

Ottrott

Rodern

Saint-Hippolyte

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12

White & Red Only

Sub-Zone(s)

of Alsace AOP

Cote de Rouffach

Approved Varietals:
- Riesling, Pinot Gris, Gewurz; and Pinot Noir
- Red must be 100% Pinot Noir

NOTE:
- only sub-zone that produces Red & White.

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13

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Klevener de Heiligenstein

Klevener

{White Only!!!}

=====

AKA:
Savagnin, Traminer, Heida, Paën, Frankisch

Note:
- Klevener de Heiligenstein is set to expire in 2021

14

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Scherwiller

100% Riesling

{White Only!!!}

15

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Ottrott

100% Pinot Noir

{Red Only!!!}

16

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Cotes de Barr

Sylvaner

{White Only!!!}

17

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Cotes de Rouffrach

RPG-P

Riesling

Pinot Gris

Gewurztraminer

-----

Pinot Noir

Only sub-zone approved for
red and white

18

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Rodern

100% Pinot Noir

{Red Only!!!}

19

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Vallee Noble

RPG

Riesling

Pinot Gris

Gewurztraminer

{White Only!!!}

20

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Blienschwiller

Sylvaner

{White Only!!!}

21

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Val Saint-Gregoire

APP

Auxerrois

Pinot Gris

Pinot Blanc

{White Only!!!}

22

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Saint-Hippolyte

100% Pinot Noir

{Red Only!!!}

23

Approved Varietal(s) of

Alsace AOP-Wolxheim

100% Riesling

{White Only!!!}

24

Maximum RS for Riesling

in Alsace AOP

6 g/l
(if chaptilized)

9 g/l
(if Tartaric acid is less than 6 g/l)

12 g/l
(if Tartaric acid is more that 6 g/l)

NOTE:
- does NOT apply to VT, SGN, or Lieu-Dit

25

Maximum RS for Rose

in Alsace AOP

4 g/l

26

Maximum RS for Rouge

in Alsace AOP

2 g/l

27

Rules for

Vendage Tardive
Alsace, France

-Must be vintage dated

-Must be hand harvested

-May or may-not contain botrytis

-Cannot be chaptilized

-Released after 6/1 on 2nd year after harvest

-May, or may not be sweet (most are sweet)

==========

Riesling & Muscat: 235 g/l min Must Weight

Gewurz & Pinot Gris: 257 g/l min Must Weight

28

Rules for

Selections de Grains Nobles
Alsace, France

-Must be vintage dated

-Must be hand harvested by tries

-Must be botrytis affected

-Cannot be chaptilized

-Released after 6/1 on 2nd year after harvest

==========

Riesling & Muscat: 276 g/l min Must Weight

Gewurz & Pinot Gris: 306 g/l min Must Weight

29

Cotes de Touls AOP
(blanc)

{Alsace}

Red - White - Rose

White
Auxerrois + Aubin

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

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Rose
85% Max Gamay
10% min Pinot Noir
-both must be used-
[this is encepagement...]

~60 hl/ha~
~9.5% min ABV~

Red
100% Pinot Noir

~45 hl/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

30

Cotes de Toul AOP
(rose)

{Alsace}

Red - White - Rose

Rose
85% Max Gamay
10% min Pinot Noir
-both must be used-
[this is encepagement...]

15% Max combined:
Pinot Meunier, Auxerrois, Aubin

~60 hl/ha~
~9.5% min ABV~

----------

White
Auxerrois + Aubin

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

Red
100% Pinot Noir

~45 hl/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

31

Cotes de Toul AOP
(rouge)

{Alsace}

Red - White - Rose

Red
100% Pinot Noir

~45 hl/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

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White
Auxerrois + Aubin

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

Rose
85% Max Gamay
10% min Pinot Noir
-both must be used-
[this is encepagement...]

~60 hl/ha~
~9.5% min ABV~

32

Cotes de Toul AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

{Alsace}

Red - White - Rose

White
Auxerrois + Aubin

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

Rose
85% Max Gamay
10% min Pinot Noir
-both must be used-
[this is encepagement...]

15% Max combined:
Pinot Meunier, Auxerrois, Aubin

~60 hl/ha~
~9.5% min ABV~

Red
100% Pinot Noir

~45 hl/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

33

Moselle AOP
(blanc-all)

{Alsace}

Red - White - Rose

White
AOP - Pinot Gris - Muller Thurgau

AOP
50-100% Auxerrois
10% Max Gewurz

~68 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

100% Pinot Gris
~68 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

100% Muller-Thurgau
~68 hl/ha~
~9% min ABV~

----------

Rose
70% min Pinot Noir
Plus+ Gamay

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

Red
100% Pinot Noir

~55 hl/ha~
~10.5% in ABV~

34

Moselle AOP
(rose)

{Alsace}

Red - White - Rose

Rose
70% min Pinot Noir
Plus+ Gamay

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

----------

White
AOP - Pinot Gris - Muller Thurgau

AOP
50-100% Auxerrois
10% Max Gewurz

~68 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

100% Pinot Gris
~68 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

100% Muller-Thurgau
~68 hl/ha~
~9% min ABV~

Red
100% Pinot Noir

~55 hl/ha~
~10.5% in ABV~

35

Moselle AOP
(rouge)

{Alsace}

Red - White - Rose

Red
100% Pinot Noir

~55 hl/ha~
~10.5% in ABV~

----------

White
AOP - Pinot Gris - Muller Thurgau

AOP
50-100% Auxerrois
10% Max Gewurz

~68 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

100% Pinot Gris
~68 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

100% Muller-Thurgau
~68 hl/ha~
~9% min ABV~

Rose
70% min Pinot Noir
Plus+ Gamay

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

36

Moselle AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

{Alsace}

Red - White - Rose

White
AOP - Pinot Gris - Muller Thurgau

AOP
50-100% Auxerrois
10% Max Gewurz

~68 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

100% Pinot Gris
~68 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

100% Muller-Thurgau
~68 hl/ha~
~9% min ABV~

Rose
70% min Pinot Noir
Plus+ Gamay

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

Red
100% Pinot Noir

~55 hl/ha~
~10.5% in ABV~

37

What is the northernmost

Grand Cru of Alsace?

Steinklotz

----------

Bas Rhine

Helfrich bottles wine from here.

Village: Marlenheim

40.6 ha

Soil: Calcareous muschel kalk, Dolomitic keuper

Great: Pinot Gris, Riesling, Gewurz

*Applying for Pinot Noir*

***Northernmost Alsace Grand Cru***

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38

What is the Southernmost

Grand Cru of Bas Rhine, Alsace?

Frankstein

(also the Largest G.Cru in Bas Rhine)

----------

Bas Rhine

Beck-Hartweg bottles wine from here

Village: Dambach-la-Ville

56.2 ha

Soil: Granite mica

*Riesling & Gewurz ONLY*

***Southernmost G.Cru of Bas Rhine***
***Largest Grand Cru of Bas Rhine***

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39

What is the largest 

Grand Cru of Bas Rhine, Alsace?

Frankstein
56.2 ha

(also the Southernmost G.Cru in Bas Rhine)

----------

Bas Rhine

Beck-Hartweg bottles wine from here.

Village: Dambach-la-Ville

Soil: Granite mica

*Riesling & Gewurz ONLY*

**Largest G.Cru in Bas Rhine**
***Southernmost G.Cru of Bas Rhine***

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40

What is the smallest

Grand Cru of Bas Rhine, Alsace?

Kastelberg
5.8 ha

----------

Bas Rhine

Marc Kreydenweiss bottles wine from here.

Village: Andlau

Soil: Schist, Granite, Quartz, Mica, Clorite

Great: Riesling

***Smallest G.Cru in Bas Rhine***

 

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41

What is the Northernmost

Grand Cru of Haut Rhine, Alsace?

Praelatenberg

----------

Haut Rhine

Allimant-Laugner bottles wine from here

Village: Kintzheim & Orscwiller

18.7 ha

Soil: Gneiss Bedrock, Siliceous

Great: Riesling, Gewurz, Pinot Gris, Muscat

***Northernmost G.Cru of Haut Rhine***

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42

What is the Southernmost

Grand Cru of Alsace?

Rangen

----------

Haut Rhine

Zind-Humbrecht's Clos Saint Urbain is here.
Schoffit's Clos Saint-Theobald is here.

Village: Thann & Vieux Thann

22.1 ha

Soil: Volcanic rock, phosphorous, potassium and magnesium

Great: Riesling, Gewurz, Pinot Gris

***Southernmost Alsace Grand Cru***

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43

What is the largest

Grand Cru of Alsace?

Schlossberg
80.3 ha

----------

Haut Rhine

Domaine Weinbach bottles wine from here.
Albert Mann bottles wine from here.
Paul Blanck bottles wine from here.

Village: Kientzheim & Kayserberg

Soil: Granite, rich in potassium, magnesium and phosphorus (much like Rangen)

Great: Riesling

Good: Gewurz, Pinot Gris, Muscat

***Largest Grand Cru in Alsace***

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44

What is the smallest

Grand Cru in Alsace?

Kanzlerberg
3.2 ha

----------

Haut Rhine

Gustave Lorentz bottles wine from here.

Village: Bergheim

3.2 ha

Soil: Gypsum, Clay Marl

Great: Riesling

Good: Gewurz, Pinot Gris

***Smallest Grand Cru in Alsace***

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45

What is Alsace's most planted variety?

Riesling

46

Name of

traditional bottle of

Alsace

Vin du Rhin

-or-

Flute d'Alsace

47

What is the Max Yield & min ABV of

Cremant d'Alsace AOP?

Sparkling Only!!
White - Rose

~80 hl/ha~
~9% min ABV~

----------

Traditional Method

*9 months min on lees

4 atmospheres min pressure

100 liters per 150 kg of grapes
Max press yield

48

What is the Max Yield & min ABV of

White Wine

in Alsace AOP

~80 hl/ha*~
~9.5% min ABV~

* According to the AOP document all varietals have their own Max Yield.  In some cases as high as 100 hl/ha.  I am not going to memorize them all.  Too confusing.

NOTE:
- This is for Alsace AOP (blanc), Edelzwicker, Gentil, Chasselas, Muscat, and Sylvaner.
- Other variatals, sub-zones, lieu-dits, and Grand Crus have their own separate minimums.

49

Quickly name 10 Alsace GCs?

Altenberg de:
1) Bergheim
2) Bergbieten
3) de Wolxeheim

----------

4) Brand
5) Bruderthal
6) Eichberg
7) Engelberg
8) Furstentum
9) Geisberg
10) Hengst