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Flashcards in France - Loire - Pays Nantais Deck (27):
1

AOP of

Pays Nantais

G-M-F-C*
*Great Minds Frequently Concur

Gros Plant du Pays Nantais

Muscadet
Muscadet Cotes de Grandlieu
Muscadet Sevre-et-Maine
Muscadet Coteaux de la Loire

Fiefs Vendeens

Coteaux d'Ancenis

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2

What are the 3 major rivers of

Pays Nantais?

Loire River

Sèvre River

Maine River

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3

Gros Plant du Pays Nantais AOP

{PAYS NANTAIS}

White Only!!
+ 'Sur Lie'

70% min Folle Blanche/Gros Plant
10% Max Colombard
plus+ Montils

~70 hl/ha ~
~9% min ABV~

'Sur Lie'
~9.5% min ABV~

*Kept on lees in tank/barrel until 3/1. 
*Can be bottled until 11/30.
*Released 3/8 the year after bottling.

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4

Requirements for

Gros Plant du Pays Nantais
'Sur Lie'

{PAYS NANTAIS}

70% min Folle Blanche/Gros Plant
10% Max Colombard;
plus+ Montils

~70 hl/ha~
~9.5% min ABV~

*Kept on lees in tank/barrel until 3/1. 
*Can be bottled until 11/30.
*Released 3/8 the year after bottling.

5

What event caused Muscadet to only produce white wines?

1709 frost decimated the region. 

A moratorium was placed on planting red grapes.

6

What is

Cru Communaux?

A term signifying the renewed push for quality and terroir driven wines in Muscadet Sèvre-et-Maine AOP.

Wine must be labeled with a sub-zone ('Cru'), and may not be labelled 'Sur-Lie' as the aging requirements for the wines already surpass that of 'Sur-Lie'.

Current 'Crus': (all on Sèvre river)
- Le Pallet
- Gorge
- Clisson

Pending 'Crus' (2014?):
- Goulaine (on loire river)
- Château Thébaud (on maine river)

- Monieres-St-Fiacre (junction of maine & sèvre)
- Mouzillon-Tillieres (inland, btwn loire & sèvre)

Just started application process:
- La Haye Fouassière (sèvre, nw of Le Pallet)
- Vallet (inland, east of Le Pallet)

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7

What is

Hermine d'Or?

An unofficial label term that promotes terroir and stresses ageability in Muscadet.

This was put in place by some "quality minded" producers. Wines must undergo a blind tasting to qualify.

==========

Guy Bossard is a famous example of this with his Domaine de l'Ecu wines:
- Granite
- Gneiss
- Orthogneiss

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8

Muscadet AOP

(W!)

{PAYS NANTAIS}

White Only!!
'Sur Lie' - Nouveau

100% Muscadet / Melon de Bourgogne

AOP
~65 hl/ha~
~9.5% min ABV~

'Sur Lie'
~55 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

*Kept on lees in tank/barrel until 3/1. 
*Can be bottled until 11/30.
*Released 3/8 the year after bottling.

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9

Muscadet Cotes de Grandlieu AOP

(W!)

{PAYS NANTAIS}

White Only!!
+ 'Sur Lie'

100% Muscadet / Melon de Bourgogne

~55 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

'Sur Lie'
*Kept on lees in tank/barrel until 3/1. 
*Can be bottled until 11/30.
*Released 3/8 the year after bottling.

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10

Sub Zones of

Muscadet Sevre-et-Maine AOP

[west-east]

{PAYS NANTAIS}

LGC
Let's Go Camping!

Le Pallet
(Gneiss, Quartz, Gabbro)

Gorges
(Clay, Gabbro)

Clisson
(Granite)

Note:
- This is also their order from North to South.  
- These villages run along the Sévre River which flows from the southeast to the northwest.

==========

Pending 'Crus' (2014?):
Goulaine (on loire river)
Château Thébaud (on maine river)
Monieres-St-Fiacre (junction of maine & sèvre)
Mouzillon-Tillieres (inland, btwn loire & sèvre)

Just started application process:
- La Haye Fouassière (sèvre, nw of Le Pallet)
- Vallet (inland, east of Le Pallet)

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11

Muscadet Sevre-et-Maine AOP

(W!)

{PAYS NANTAIS}

White Only!!
w/ Sub Zone - 'Sur Lie'

100% Muscadet

~55 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

Has 3 sub-zones (w-e):
Let's Go Camping
Le Pallet 
Gorges

Clisson

'Sur Lie'
*Kept on lees in tank/barrel until 3/1 after harvest.  
*Can be bottled until 11/30.
*Released 3/8 the year after bottling.

w/ sub-zone
(may NOT be labeled as 'Sur Lie')

~45 hl/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Le Pallet
*Kept on lees until 4/2 on the 2nd year after harvest

GorgesClisson
*Kept on lees until 11/1 on 2nd year after harvest

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12

Requirements of

Muscadet Sevre-et-Maine-Le Pallet

{PAYS NANTAIS}

100% Muscadet

~45 hl/ha~
~11% min ABV~

-May NOT be 'Sur Lie'

*Kept on lees until 4/2 on the 2nd year after harvest.

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13

Requirements of

Muscadet Sevre-et-Maine-Gorges

{PAYS NANTAIS}

100% Muscadet

~45 hl/ha~
~11% min ABV~

-May NOT be 'Sur Lie'

*Kept on lees until 11/1 on the 2nd year after harvest.

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14

Requirements of

Muscadet Sevre-et-Maine-Clisson

{PAYS NANTAIS}

100% Muscadet

~45 hl/ha~
~11% min ABV~

-May NOT be 'Sur Lie'

*Kept on lees until 11/1 on the 2nd year after harvest.

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15

Muscadet Coteaux de la Loire AOP

(W!)

{PAYS NANTAIS}

White Only!!
+ 'Sur Lie'

100% Muscadet / Melon de Bourgogne

~55 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~
~(12% Max ABV)~

'Sur Lie'
*Kept on lees in tank/barrel until 3/1. 
*Can be bottled until 11/30.
*Released 3/8 the year after bottling.

Note:
- This is the northernmost Muscadet appelation.
- Produces the leanest wines of the Muscadets. 

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16

What is the soil type of

Muscadet Sevre-et-Maine
Le Pallet?

Gneiss, Quartz, and Gabbro

Note:
- Gabbro is an igneous soil

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17

What is the soil type of

Muscadet Sevre-et-Maine
Gorges?

Clay & Gabbro

Note:
- Gabbro is an igneous soil

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18

What is the soil type of

Muscadet Sevre-et-Maine
Clisson?

Granite

Note:
- MS Theory question 2014

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19

Fiefs Vendeen (blanc) AOP

{PAYS NANTAIS}

60% min Chenin Blanc

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

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20

Fiefs Vendeen (rose) AOP

{PAYS NANTAIS}

80% min combined:
Gamay + Pinot Noir

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

21

Fiefs Vendeen (rouge) AOP

{PAYS NANTAIS}

Cab Franc, Pinot Noir,
Negrette

~55 hl/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

22

Fiefs Vendeens AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

{PAYS NANTAIS}

Red - White - Rose

White
60% min Chenin Blanc

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

Rose
80% min combined:
Gamay + Pinot Noir

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

Red
Cab Franc, Pinot Noir, Negrette

~55 hl/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

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23

Coteaux d'Ancenis (blanc) AOP

{PAYS NANTAIS}

100% Pinot Gris

~50 hl/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

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24

Coteaux d'Ancenis (rose) AOP

{PAYS NANTAIS}

100% Gamay

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min aBV~

25

Coteaux d'Ancenis (rouge) AOP

{PAYS NANTAIS}

100% Gamay

~60 hl/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

26

Coteaux d'Ancenis AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

{PAYS NANTAIS}

Red - White - Rose

White
100% Pinot Gris

~50 hl/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

Rose
100% Gamay

~60 hl/ha~
~10% min ABV~

Red
100% Gamay

~60 hl/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

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27

What AOP in 

Pays Nantais are allowed to be
'Sur Lie'?

{PAYS NANTAIS}

Gros Plant du Pays Nantais

Muscadet

Muscadet Cotes de Grandlieu

Muscadet Sevre-et-Maine
(none of the sub-zones though)

Muscadet Coteaux de la Loire

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