France - Roussillon Flashcards Preview

~~Study Period Review #1 > France - Roussillon > Flashcards

Flashcards in France - Roussillon Deck (26):
1

Geographic boundaries of the Languedoc Rousillon?

  • Nimes to the NE
  • Carcassonne to the W
  • Montagne Noire and Cevennes Mtns to the N
  • Pyreenees Mtns to the S

 

Languedoc (Mediterranean climate) acocunts for 90% of the Production, Rousillon (Pyranees provide more microclimates) is only 10%.

This is the largest area in France for organic and biodynamic wines

Rousillon is always windy - 8 different winds affect the region

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2

What are the winds of Roussillon?

8 winds in total

Tramontane

Marin

Cers

Scirocco

Autan

(the other 3 are minor and incosequential)

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3

Describe the Tramontane Wind.

Tramontane = Trans Mountains
(comes down from the Pyrenees)

-North-westerly wind

-Has a cooling and drying affect on the region.

-Very similar to the Mistral.  It just follows a different path, and is the local, gentler version

-It is a dry, and pretty violent wind that is cold, almost bitter in winter but very welcome in the summer.

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4

Describe the Marin Wind.

-South-Easterly warm wind that blows in from the Mediterranean.

-It tends to raise the general ambiant temperature, but brings with it banks of low humid clouds.

-Causes heavy rain in coastal areas in the winter and in summer tends to dissipate.

-Leaves the area smelling of the sea and your skin tasting of salt.

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5

Describe the Autan Wind.

-South-Easterly wind.

-Called "The Devil's Wind", and "Wind of Death" locally.

-Often brings in bad weather that can settle in for 3-9 days at a time.

(Autan is spelled like Satan)

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6

Describe the Scirocco Wind.

-Southerly wind from Africa.

-This wind blows rarely, and then only for a few hours,

-Leaves everything covered in a fine film of sand carried over the Mediterranean Sea from the Sahara Desert.

7

Describe the Cers Wind.

-Westerly or South-Westerly wind.

-A dry wind which is generally cold in winter, and warm in summer.

-Often heralds sunny warm weather, by blowing the clouds away and bringing bright blue skies and sunshine, even though temperatures are cooler.

(Cers clears bad weather)

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8

AOP of

Roussillon

Rivesaltes AOP
(VdN Only!)

Muscat de Rivesaltes AOP
(VdN Blanc Only!)

Maury AOP
(Rd, VdN)

Colliure AOP
(Rd, W, Rs)

Banyuls AOP
(VdN Only!)

Banyuls Grand Cru AOP
(VdN Only!)

Cotes de Roussillon AOP
(Rd, W, Rs)
(has 1 Sub-Zone: Les Apres)

Cotes de Roussillon Villages AOP
(Red Only!)
(4 Sub-Zones)

Grand Roussillon AOP
(VdN Only!)

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9

Sub-Zone(s) of

Cotes de Roussillon-Villages AOP

[west-east]

LC-LT

Lesquerde

Caramany

Latour-de-France

Tautavel

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10

Sub-zone(s) of

Cotes de Roussillon?

Les Aspres 
Red Only!

Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Carignan
(must be 3; no 2 can equal >90%)

~45 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

*released 10/1 year after harvest

became an AOP in 2003

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11

Rivesaltes AOP

(VdN!)

Means "High Rivers"

Vin doux Naturel Only!!
Grenat - Rose - Ambre - Tuile
Hors d'Age - Rancio

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

Grenat
100% Grenache Noir

*aged in a "reductive environment"
until at least 5/1
**3 months min in bottle
**Must be bottled by 6/30 on 2nd year after harvest

Rose
80% min combined:
Grenache (all), Tourbat, Macabeu

*Must be bottled by 12/1 year after harvest

Ambre
Same varietals as Rose

*aged in a "reductive environment"
until at least 3/1
on 3rd year after harvest

Tuile
Same varietals as Rose & Ambre
Grenache Noir MUST be a part

*same aging as Ambre

Rancio
-Must be Tuile or Ambre-
*(???)

Hors d'Age
-Must be Tuile or Ambre-
*aged until 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

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12

Style(s) of

Rivesaltes AOP

Grenat
100% Grenache Noir

Rose
80% min combined:
Grenache (all), Tourbat, Macabeu

Ambre
(same varietals as Rose)
can be Rancio or Hors d'Age

Tuile
can be Rancio or Hors d'Age

Rancio
must be Ambre or Tuile

Hors d'Age
must be Ambre or Tuile

13

What are the aging requirements of

Rivesaltes-Grenat AOP?

*aged in a "reductive environment"
until at least 5/1

*3 months min in bottle

*Must be bottled by 6/30 on 2nd year after harvest

14

What are the aging requirements of

Rivesaltes-Ambre AOP?

2 years min aging from 3/1 after harvest

*must be aged in a "reductive environment"

15

What are the aging requirements of

Rivesaltes-Hors d'Age AOP?

*5 years min aging from 9/1 on year of harvest

-Must be Tuile or Ambre-

16

Muscat de Rivesaltes AOP

(VDN!)

Vin Doux Naturel Only
White Only!!

(*also make a Muscat de Noel)

Muscat Blancs a Petite Grains &
Muscat d'Alexandrie - used exclusively in the Rousillon

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
~{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
100 g/l min RS

  • *Muscat de Noelmust be bottled by 12/1 on year if harvest
    • A nouveau style of Muscat VDN produced in Muscat de Lunel AOP and Muscat de Rivesaltes AOP.

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17

Grand Roussillon AOP

(VDN!)

Vin Doux Naturel Only!!
Blanc - Rose - Rouge - Rancio

80% min combined:
Grenache (all), Tourbat, Macabeu

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
~{15% actual}~

*released 9/1 on 3rd year after harvest

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

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18

Maury AOP

(Rd, VDN)

Black Schist Soil

Dry Red - Vin Doux Naturel

Dry Red
60-80% Grenache

plus+
Syrah, Mourvedre, Carignan

~40 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

*released 3/1

Vin Doux Naturel
Blanc - Ambre - Grenat - Tuile
Rancio - Hors d'Age

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

Blanc
80% min combined:
Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris,
Tourbot, Macabeu

*released 5/1
*must be bottled by 6/30 on 2nd year after harvest

*must be vintage dated

Ambre
Same varietals as Blanc

*aged in glass or sealed containers
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Grenat
75-100% min Grenache

*released 5/1
*bottled by 6/30 on 2nd year after harvest

**must be vintage dated

Tuile
Same varietals as Grenat

*aged in glass or sealed containers
**released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Rancio
(???)

Hors d'Age
*aged in glass or sealed containers
**released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

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19

Maury (rouge) AOP

Dry Red
60-80% Grenache

plus+
Syrah, Mourvedre, Carignan

~40 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

*released 3/1

20

Cotes de Roussillon AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

Red - White - Rose
"Les Aspres"

Dry

White
50% min combined:
Grenache Blanc, Macabeu, Tourbot
(none more than 80%)

~50 hl/ha~
~11% min ABV~

(can be Priemeur)

Red - Rose
80% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre,
Carignan
(none more than 80%)

~50 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

(can be Primeur)

Les Aspres (sub-zone)
Red Only!!
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre
plus+ Carignan
(must be 3; no 2 can equal >90%)

~45 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

*released 10/1 year after harvest

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21

Cotes de Roussillon Villages AOP

(Rd!)

Dry Red Only!!
All wines must be blends

80% min combined:
Grenache (70% Max)
Carignan (60% Max)

Syrah + Mourvedre
(70% Max each; 30% min combined)

~45 hl/ha (42 with sub)~
~12.5% min ABV~

*released 2/15

4 villages can append:

  • Caramany
  • Latour-de-France
  • Lesquerde
  • Tautavel

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22

Collioure AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

Red - White - Rose
Dry

~40 hl/ha~

White
Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris,
Marsanne, Roussanne, Vermentino
Macabeu, Tourbat
(can be single varietal)

~12% min ABV~

Rose
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre,
Carignan, Grenache Gris

plus+
Cinsault, Counoise
(must be min 2 varietals)

~11.5% min ABV~

Red
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre,
Carignan

plus+
Cinsault, Counoise
(must be min 2 varietals)

~12% min ABV~

*released 6/1

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23

Banyuls AOP

(VDN!)

Grey Schist Soil

Vin Doux Naturel Only!!
Blanc - Ambre - Rose
Rimage - Traditionnel - Hors d'Age

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
~{15% actual}~

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

Blanc
80% min combined:
Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris,
Macabeu, Tourbat

*released 5/1


Ambre
Same varietals as Blanc

*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest


Rose
80% min combined:
Grenache (all), Macabeu, Tourbat


Rimage
Vintage dated Red
90% min Grenache

*released 5/1


Traditionnel
Red
90% min combined:
Grenache (50% min) + Grenache Gris

*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest


Hors d'Age
released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

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24

Banyuls Grand Cru AOP

(VDN!)

Red Vin doux Naturel Only!!
AOP - Rancio - Hors d'Age

75% min Grenache

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
~{15% actual}~

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS
(can be Sec - 54 g/l Max RS)

AOP
*released 6/1 on 3rd year after harvest
**30 months min in barrel

Rancio
(???)

Hors d'Age
*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest
*30 months min in barrel

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25

Aging requirement of

Banyuls Grand Cru Hors d'Age AOP?

*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

*30 months min in barrel

==========

AOP
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest
*30 months min in barrel

26

What is the aging requirements of

Banyuls Grand Cru AOP?

*released 6/1 on 3rd year after harvest

*30 months min in barrel

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Hors d'Age
*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest
*30 months min in barrel