France - Southern Rhone (Major AOP) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in France - Southern Rhone (Major AOP) Deck (43):
1

AOP of

Southern Rhone

[north-south.ish]

CCGCV
RCVG
CBVM
LT-CCL

Crack Can Get Creatively Vicious.
Ritalin Clearly Varies Greatly.
Coke Becomes Very...Meh.
Lets Try Chemicaly Clean Life.

*Cotes du Rhone

Cotes du Vivarais

Grignan-les-Adhemar

Cotes du Rhone-Villages (20)

Vinsobres

Rasteau

Cairanne

Ventoux

Gigondas

Chateauneuf du Pape

Beaumes de Venise

Vacqueyras

Muscat de Beaumes de Venise

Lirac

Tavel

Costieres de Nimes

Clairette de Bellegarde

Luberon

Duché d'Uzès
(location?)

2

Cotes du Rhone AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose
(Primeur allowed for Red & Rose)

~51 hl/ha~
~11% min ABV~

White
80% min combined:
Grenache Blanc,
Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne,
Clairette, Boubelenc

assemblage:
these above 6 grape must
comprise the majority of the blend

Rose
same as for rouge

20% Max white varietals

Red
40% min Grenache

assemblage:
Majority (51%?) Grenache

plus+
Mourvedre, and/or Syrah
(one of these Must be included)
--vineyards north of Montelimar
are exempt from Grenache--

3

Cotes du Rhone-Villages AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose
Sub-Zone

~44 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

White
50% min combined:
Grenache Blanc,
Viognier, Marsanne, Roussane,
Bourbelenc, Clairette

Red - Rose
50% min Grenache

Must also include either:
Mourvedre and/or Syrah

w/ Sub Zone designation
~41 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

4

Red & Rose Only
Villages of

Cotes du Rhone-Villages AOP

Chusclan

5

Red Only Villages of

Cotes du Rhone-Village

[north-south]

PuMPS GaS SuV

Puymeras

Massif d'Uchaux

Plan de Dieu

Signargues

Gadagne

Sainte-Cécile

Suze-la-Rousse

Vaison-la-Romaine

6

Newest villages of

Cotes de Rhone Villages AOP

Suze-la-Rousse
(Red Only!!)

Vaison-la-Romaine
(Red Only!!)

 

7

Villages of

Cotes du Rhone-Villages

Red & Rose
Red Only!!
VSR-VSRLSR-SS

Chusclan
(Rd & Rs Only!!)

-----

Puymeras
(Red Only!!)

Massif d'Uchaux
(Red Only!!)

Plan de Dieu
(Red Only!!)

Signargues
(Red Only!!)

Gadagne
(Red Only!!)

Saint-Cecile
(Red Only!!)

Suze-la-Rousse
(Red Only!!)

Vaison-la-Romaine
(Red Only!!)

-----

VSR-VSR-LSR-SS

Valreas

Seguret

Rochegude

Visan

Sablet

Roaix

Laudon

Saint-Maurice

Rousset-les-Vigne

Saint-Gervais

Saint-Pantelon-les-Vignes

8

Cotes du Rhone-Villages AOP
(blanc)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose
Sub-Zone

White
50% min combined:
Marsanne, Roussane, Viognier,
Grenache Blanc, Bourbelenc, Clairette

~44 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

----------

Red - Rose
50% min Grenache

Must also include either:
Mourvedre and/or Syrah

w/ Sub Zone designation
~41 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

9

Cotes du Rhone-Villages AOP
(rouge - rose)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose
Sub-Zone

Red - Rose
50% min Grenache

Must also include either:
Mourvedre and/or Syrah

~44 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

----------

White
50% min combined:
Marsanne, Roussane, Viognier,
Grenache Blanc, Bourbelenc, Clairette

w/ Sub Zone designation
~41 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

10

Cotes du Rhone-Villages AOP
(w/ sub-zone)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose
Sub-Zone

w/ Sub Zone designation
~41 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

----------

~44 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

White
50% min combined:
Marsanne, Roussane, Viognier,
Grenache Blanc, Bourbelenc, Clairette

Red - Rose
50% min Grenache

Must also include either:
Mourvedre and/or Syrah

11

What were the original villages of

Cotes du Rhone-Villages AOP?

VV-BGR

Vinsobres
(upgraded 2006)

Vacqueyras
(upgraded 1990)

Beaumes de Venise
(upgraded 2005)

Gigondas
(upgraded 1971)

Rasteau
(upgraded 2010)

12

Chateauneuf du Pape AOP

(Rd, W)

First AOC/AOP in France 1936

Red - White

~35 hl/ha~
(42 hl/ha before 'rape')
~12.5% min ABV~

8 Red grapes:
 Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre,
Counoise, Cinsault, 
Brune Argente, Muscardin, Terret Noir

5 White grapes:
Bourbelenc, Roussanne, Clairette,
 
Piquepoul, Picardin

also allowed variations:
Piquepoul Noir, Piquepoul Gris,
Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris,
Clairette Rosé

Rapé:
Producers must discard 2% minimum of their harvested grapes.

Note:
- CdP is made in 5 communes:
--- Orange
--- Courthézon
--- Chateauneuf-du-Pape
--- Bédarrides
--- Sourges

13

Communes of Chateauneuf-du-Pape

[north-south...ish]

Orange

Courthézon

Chateauneuf-du-Pape

Bédarrides

Sorgues

14

Name 2 Crus of

Chateauneuf-du-Pape

that are on Galets soil

----------

Name a producer of each Cru

La Crau
- Vieux Telegraphe -
- also a part of Cuvée Inspiration -

Mont-Pertuis
- Domaine du Monpertuis -

Les Brusquières
- Les Clos des Brusquières -

Note:
- all are in the Chateauneif-du-Pape commune
- Mont-Pertuis sits just below La Crau
- La Crau has multiple "satellite" Crus (e.g. - La Crau Ouest).
     - All are in Courthezon and Beddarides communes

15

Name 2 Crus of

Chateauneuf-du-Pape

that are on sandy soil

----------

Name a producer of each Cru

Pignan
- Chateau Rayas -

Le Rayas
- Chateau Rayas -

Note:
- Pignan is in both Courthezon and CdP communes
- Rayas is in Couthezon commune

16

Name a Cru of

Chateauneuf-du-Pape

that are on Iron rich soil

----------

Name a producer of each Cru

La Jannasse
- Domaine de la Jannasse -

Note:
- In the very northeast section of Courthezon commune; right on the appelation boundary

17

What are Galets made of?

Quartzite

18

What is Rapé?

{Southern Rhone}

Practice in Chateauneuf-du-Pape
where producers must discard 2% minimum
of their harvested grapes.

19

Gigondas AOP

(Rd, Rs)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - Rose

50% min Grenache

Plus+
Syrah and/or Mourvedre

~36 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

20

Tavel AOP

(Rs!)

{Southern Rhone}

Dry Rose Only!!

30-60% combined:
Grenache (Blanc/Gris/Noir)

--Must have Grenache Noir!--

~46 hl/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

Note:
- there used to be a listed Max ABV of 12.5% but it does not appear on the compendium anymore, nor is it listed in the 2011 updated AOP document.

21

Vinsobres AOC

(Rd!!)

{Southern Rhone}

Red Only!!

50% min Grenache

plus+
Mourvedre & Syrah

~38 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

22

Vacqueyras AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose

~36 hl/ha~

White
Grenache Blanc,
Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne,
Clairette, Bourbelenc
(none more than 80%)

~36 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault
(none more than 80%)

~36 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

Red
50% min Grenache

~36 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

23

Vacqueyras AOP
(blanc)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose

White
Grenache Blanc, Viognier, Marsanne,
Roussanne, Clairette, Bourbelenc
(none more than 80%)

~36 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

(all)
~36 hl/ha~

----------

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault
(none more than 80%)

~36 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

Red
50% min Grenache

~36 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

24

Vacqueyras AOP
(rose)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault
(none more than 80%)

~36 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

(all)
~36 hl/ha~

----------

White
Grenache Blanc, Viognier, Marsanne,
Roussanne, Clairette, Bourbelenc
(none more than 80%)

~36 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Red
50% min Grenache

~36 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

25

Vacqueyras AOP
(rouge)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose

Red
50% min Grenache

~36 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

(all)
~36 hl/ha~

----------

White
Grenache Blanc, Viognier, Marsanne,
Roussanne, Clairette, Bourbelenc
(none more than 80%)

~36 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault
(none more than 80%)

~36 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

26

Lirac AOP

(Rd, W, Rs)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose

~41 hl/ha~

White
80% min combined:
Grenache Blanc, Roussanne,
Clairette, Bourbelenc

~41 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Rose
80% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault

~41 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Red
90% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault

~41 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

27

Lirac AOP
(blanc)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose

White
80% min combined:
Grenache Blanc, Roussanne,
Clairette, Bourbelenc

~41 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

(all)
~41 hl/ha~

----------

Rose
80% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault

~41 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Red
90% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault

~41 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

28

What 2 major grapes are not 

"Principle" varieties of Lirac AOP blanc?

Marsanne

Viognier

{both are listed as "Accessory" varieties}

29

Lirac AOP
(rose)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose

Rose
80% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault

~41 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

(all)
~41 hl/ha~

----------

White
80% min combined:
Grenache Blanc, Roussanne,
Clairette, Bourbelenc

~41 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Red
90% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault

~41 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

30

Lirac AOP
(rouge)

{Southern Rhone}

Red - White - Rose

Red
90% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault

~41 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

(all)
~41 hl/ha~

----------

White
80% min combined:
Grenache Blanc, Roussanne,
Clairette, Bourbelenc

~41 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Rose
80% min combined:
Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Cinsault

~41 hl/ha~
~12% min ABV~

31

Styles of

Rasteau (VdN) AOP

{Southern Rhone}

Blanc

Rose

Ambre
(aged blanc/rose)

Grenat
(75% min Grenache)

Tuile
(75% min Grenache)
(aged grenat)

Hors d'Age
(only w/ Ambre & Tuile)

Rancio
(only w/ Ambre & Tuile)
(must be oxidative)

NOTE:
Rasteau AOP also makes dry red wines.

32

Rasteau AOP
(rouge)

{Southern Rhone}

Red
50% min Grenache
Plus+ Mouvedre & Syrah

~38 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

*released 3/31

33

Rasteau AOP
(VdN Blanc)

{Southern Rhone}

Vin du Naturel
Blanc - Rose - Ambre - Grenat - Tuile
Hors d'Age - Rancio

Blanc
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*released 5/1

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

----------

Ambre
(tawny)
90% min combined:
Grenache, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*bottled by 12/31 year after harvest

Grenat
75% min Grenache
*released 5/1

Tuile
75% min Grenache
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Hors d'Age
Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile
(indicates an extra 30 months aging)
*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

Rancio
-must be oxidative...

Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile

34

Rasteau AOP
(VdN Rose)

{Southern Rhone}

Vin du Naturel
Blanc - Ambre - Rose - Grenat - Tuile
Hors d'Age - Rancio

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*bottled by 12/31 year after harvest

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

----------

Blanc
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*released 5/1

Ambre
(tawny)
90% min combined:
Grenache, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Grenat
75% min Grenache
*released 5/1

Tuile
75% min Grenache
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Hors d'Age
Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile
(indicates an extra 30 months aging)
*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

Rancio
-must be oxidative...

Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile

35

Rasteau AOP
(VdN Ambre)

{Southern Rhone}

Vin du Naturel
Blanc - Ambre - Rose - Grenat - Tuile
Hors d'Age - Rancio

Ambre
(tawny)
90% min combined:
Grenache, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Can also be:
Hors d'Age -or- Rancio

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

----------

Blanc
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*released 5/1

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*bottled by 12/31 year after harvest

Grenat
75% min Grenache
*released 5/1

Tuile
75% min Grenache
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Hors d'Age
Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile
(indicates an extra 30 months aging)
*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

Rancio
-must be oxidative...

Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile

36

Rasteau AOP
(VdN Rancio)

{Southern Rhone}

Vin du Naturel
Blanc - Ambre - Rose - Grenat - Tuile
Hors d'Age - Rancio

Rancio
Must be oxidative
(can't find any other rules...)

Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

----------

Blanc
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*released 5/1

Ambre
(tawny)
90% min combined:
Grenache, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*bottled by 12/31 year after harvest

Grenat
75% min Grenache
*released 5/1

Tuile
75% min Grenache
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Hors d'Age
Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile
(indicates an extra 30 months aging)
*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

37

Rasteau AOP
(VdN Hors d'Age)

{Southern Rhone}

Vin du Naturel
Blanc - Ambre - Rose - Grenat - Tuile
Hors d'Age - Rancio

Hors d'Age
Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile
(indicates an extra 30 months aging)
*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

----------

Blanc
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*released 5/1

Ambre
(tawny)
90% min combined:
Grenache, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*bottled by 12/31 year after harvest

Grenat
75% min Grenache
*released 5/1

Tuile
75% min Grenache
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Rancio
-must be oxidative...

Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile

38

Rasteau AOP
(VdN Tuille)

{Southern Rhone}

Vin du Naturel
Blanc - Rose - Ambre - Grenat - Tuile
Hors d'Age - Rancio

Tuile
75% min Grenache
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Can also be:
Hors d'Age -or- Rancio

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

----------

Blanc
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*released 5/1

Ambre
(tawny)
90% min combined:
Grenache, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*bottled by 12/31 year after harvest

Grenat
75% min Grenache
*released 5/1

Hors d'Age
Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile
(indicates an extra 30 months aging)
*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

Rancio
-must be oxidative...

Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile

39

Rasteau AOP
(VdN Grenat)

{Southern Rhone}

Vin du Naturel
Blanc - Ambre - Rose - Grenat - Tuile
Hors d'Age - Rancio

Grenat
75% min Grenache
*released 5/1

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

----------

Blanc
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*released 5/1

Ambre
(tawny)
90% min combined:
Grenache, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*bottled by 12/31 year after harvest

Tuile
75% min Grenache
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Hors d'Age
Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile
(indicates an extra 30 months aging)
*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

Rancio
-must be oxidative...

Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile

40

Rasteau AOP

(Rd, VdN)

{Southern Rhone}

Red
Vin du Naturel
Blanc - Ambre - Rose - GrenatTuile
Hors d'Age - Rancio

Red
50% min Grenache

Plus+
Mouvedre & Syrah

~38 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

*released 3/31

Vin du Naturel
Blanc - Rose - Ambre - Grenat - Tuile
Hors d'Age - Rancio

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
45 g/l min RS

Blanc
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*released 5/1

Ambre
(tawny)
90% min combined:
Grenache, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Rose
90% min combined:
Grenache Blanc & Grenache Gris
*bottled by 12/31 year after harvest

Grenat
75% min Grenache
*released 5/1

Tuile
75% min Grenache
*released 3/1 on 3rd year after harvest

Hors d'Age
Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile
(indicates an extra 30 months aging)
*released 9/1 on 5th year after harvest

Rancio
-must be oxidative...

Can only be used for:
Ambre -or- Tuile

41

Beaumes de Venise AOP

(Rd!)

{Southern Rhone}

Red Only!!

50% min combined:
Grenache + Syrah

~38 hl/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

42

Muscat Beaumes de Venise AOP

(VdN!)

{Southern Rhone}

Vin du Naturel Only!!
Red - White - Rose

Muscat Blanc a Petite Grains,
Muscat Rouge a Petite Grains
(Aleatico??)

~30 hl/ha~
~21.5% min ABV~
{15% actual}

252 g/l min Must Weight
100 g/l min RS

43

Major Rivers of Southern Rhone Valley

Rhone River

l'Ardeche

Le Lauzon

l'Aigues

l'Ouveze

La Ceze

Gard