French Revolution/Napoleon Flashcards Preview

Flashcardlet > French Revolution/Napoleon > Flashcards

Flashcards in French Revolution/Napoleon Deck (56):
0

Which estate made up 80% of the population?

Third Estate

1

Who was in the 1st Estate?

Catholic clergy members- 1% of population 10% of land

2

Who made up the 2nd estate?

Rich Nobles-2% of population 20% of land

3

Who was in the 3rd Estate?

Bourgeoisie- well educated sometimes more rich than nobles
Urban Workers-very poor often out of work
Peasants-mostly farmers

97% of population

4

Who were extravagant spenders in France?

Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI

5

Marie Antoinette's nickname

Madame Defecit

6

What was the meeting of the Estates General?

Assembly to agree on a new tax

7

What was the old way of the Estates General?

Each estate met separately and had one vote

8

How did the 3rd estate want to meet?

Everyone together and each delegate to have one vote

9

What was the National Assembly?

Third Estate delegates proclaimed end of monarchy

10

What was the 1st deliberate act of revolution in France?

The National Assembly

11

What was the Tennis Court Oath?

National Assembly broke into tennis courts and promised to stay until a new constitution was written

12

What was the Great Fear?

Peasants burned paperwork that forced them to pay taxes to nobles

13

What did the women who marched on Versailles demand?

Cheaper bread and Louis and Marie to come back to Paris

14

What were the 4 natural rights in the Declaration of the Rights of Man?

Life, Liberty, Security, and Resistance to Oppression

15

What did the Assembly to in France?

State controlled church-church officials elected; sold church land

Established freedom of speech and religion

16

What body was created when France became a constitutional monarchy?

The Legislative Assembly

17

Who sat on the right; left; in the middle?

R- conservatives; opposed monarchy

L-radicals; wanted limited monarchy

M- moderates

18

Who were the Émigrés?

Nobles and others who fled France-wanted old regime back

19

Who were the Sans-Culottes?

They wore long pants- common people

20

What did Austria and Prussia demand to ensure France wouldn't be attacked?

That Louis and Marie weren't hurt

21

What was the September Massacre?

French people raided prisons and killed 1st and 2nd estate members

22

What did the National Convention do?

Deposed king
Dissolved assembly
Declared France a republic

23

What did Jean-Paul Marat do?

Printed lists of people he thought should be killed

24

Another important Jacobin

Danton

25

What was the guillotine?

Machine used for execution in France

26

What age citizens were drafted?

18-40

27

What did Robspierre do?

Changed calendar-no Sunday-renamed days; closed all churches in Paris

28

Who ruled in the reign of terror?

Robspierre

29

What was the new system after Robspierre?

2 legislative houses; executive body of 5 men called the Directory

30

What did Napoleon do to scare royalist protesters?

Fired blanks in the cannons and scared them away without killing or destroying anything

31

What took the place of the Directory?

A group of 3 consoles-people ruling together

32

What is a Coup'd'etat?

Sudden seizure of power- means blow to the state

33

What is a plebiscite?

Vote of the people

34

What was Napoleons Plebiscite for?

A new construction that made him the only ruler

35

What did Napoleon do to help the economy?

Efficient tax collection; national bank; set up lycees

36

What is a lycée?

Public school

37

How did Napoleon fix the religious problem in France?

Signing agreement with pope saying that he recognized church authority in his country

38

What legal system did Napoleon create?

Napoleonic code

39

What unprecedented thing did Napoleon do?

Took crown from pope and crowned HIMSELF emporer

40

What French colony demanded rights?

Saint Dominigue

41

Who did Napoleon sell his American land to?

Thomas Jefferson

42

Who fought against France in battle of Trafalgar?

Britain, Russia, Australia, and Sweden

43

Who led the British in Trafalgar?

Nelson

44

Who did Napoleon marry?

Marie Louise

45

What were Napoleons 3 mistakes?

1. Continental System-blockade of Brittain
2. Peninsular War- sent army through Spain to get to Portugal
3. Invaded Russia- they tricked him by leading him inland behind a burnt path

46

Where was Napoleon exiled the first time?

Elba

47

What happened when Nap. Escaped Elba.

Became emporer of France again and defeated again

48

Where was he exiled to 2nd time?

St. Helena

49

What was the Congress of Vienna?

Meetings to rebuild Europe

50

Who's ideas were used in the congress?

Matter much

51

What were Matternich's ideas?

-surround France with strong countries
-restore a balance of power

52

What was the Holy Alliance?

Alliance between Russia, Austria, Prussia to stop the revolution

53

Concert of Europe

European nations would help each other if rebellion broke out; bigger than Holy Alliance

54

Where did revolutionary ideas spread?

Latin America

55

What is Nationalism?

Citizens share same beliefs with each other and government; people come from same culture