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Amino acids that are exclusively ketogenic

Leucine, lysine

1

Amino acids that are both ketogenic and glucogenic

Phenylalanine, isoleucine, tyrosine and tryptophan

2

Most common precipitating fx to g6pd def

Infection

3

Causes of hypochromic, microcytic anemia

CLITS (anemia of Chronic disease, lead poisoning, iron def anemia, thalassemia, sideroblastic anemia)

4

Bilirubin bound to albumjn

Delta bilirubin

5

Bilirubin must be below what level to prevent devt of jaundice

2.5mg/dL

6

Conjugated with primary bile acids to form bile salts

Taurine and glycine

7

Precursor for phenylalanine

Tyrosine

8

Precursor for thyroxine and melanin

Tyrosine

9

Precursor for niacin, serotonin and melatonin

Tryptophan

10

Precursor for homocystreine

Methionine

11

Deletion or addition of a base wc results in protein products that are shorter than normal and hence usually non functional

Frameshift

12

Formation of a new stop codon making the protein shorter and non functional

Non sense

13

New codon specifying the same amino acid, no effect on protein function

Silent mutation

14

Most common genetic error of amino acid transport

Cystinuriq

15

Cystinuria presents with defective kidney tubule reabsorption of wc aa?

COLA cysteine, ornithine, lysine, arginine

16

Hexagonal shaped crystals in the urine is present in what disease?

Cystinuria

17

Earliest detectable cardiac element found in plasma during MI

Myoglobin

18

Reservoir of arachidonic acid in cellular membranes

Phosphatidyl inositol

19

Interaction between stacked adjacent based pairs

Van der waala and hydrophobic

20

Connects monomeric units of DNA to become polymeric forms

3-4 phosphodiester bonds

21

Hypoglycib

Jamaican vomiting sickness

22

Lack of mitochondrial medium chain acyl coA dehydrogenase

Dicarboxylic aciduria

23

Accumulation of polyenoic acid in the brain

Zellwrger

24

Absence of peroxisomes

Zellweiger syndrome

25

Exists as a dimer and a monomer(Ig)

A

26

Secretory IgA exists as a

Dimer

27

IgM exists as a

Monomer,dimer, pentamer

28

Exists purely as monomers

Ig GED