Fund 32 51 52 57 88 Flashcards Preview

LPN Level 1 > Fund 32 51 52 57 88 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fund 32 51 52 57 88 Deck (124):
0

Pain mess are given 30 min before or after meal

30 minutes before meal

1

Straws are not to be given to clients

Swallowing issues

2

In between meals supplements and snacks are only given if

MD order

3

Adequate intake of fluids help prevent

Renal calculus
Constipation
Dehydration

4

Restriction of fluids is a therapeutic diet given to PTs with

CHF
Renal clients
Polydipsia

5

When feeding a blind pt

Use plate as clock to facilitate food location

6

Swallowing disorder

Dysphagia

7

Passing urine

Micturition

8

Types of wastes

Blood filter
Water
Co2
Solid waste

9

Full Average output for adults

500-2400 mL/day

10

Less than normal urine is formed during hot days and

Exercise
Fever

11

Less urine is secreted when kidneys function and circulation is impaired due to

Retention of water

12

Name two dz that increases urine output

DM- diabetes mellitus
DI- diabetes insipidus

13

Urge to void is triggered when bladder is full with

250mL of urine

14

Bladder can hold up to

400-500mL

15

Signs of diabetes

Polydipsia
Polyurea
P

16

To maintain fluid balance a person needs how much water daily

6-8 oz of water daily

17

An excess of body fluids that collects in tissues and causes puffiness (over hydration )

Edema

18

Fresh urine color

Light yellow
Amber

19

Overhydrated urine color

Dilute
Very light

20

Dehydrated urine color

Dark and more concentrated

21

When urine stands for too long it becomes

Cloudy

22

Cloudy urine may contain

Bacteria
Blood
Mucous
Pus

23

Diluted urine smells

Less odor

24

Concentrated urine smells

Stronger

25

When exposed to air urine decomposes emmiting what type of odor

Ammonia smell

26

If fresh urine smells offensive or fowl this could signify an

Infection

27

If urine has a fruity smell this could signify

Diabetes
High sugars

28

Average urine output daily

250-400mL daily

29

Average normal weight of urine

1.010-1.025

30

Specific weight of water

1.000

31

Tells is the ability of the renal tubules to concentrate and dilute urine

Specific gravity

32

Urine PH is 4.5-6.5 making it

Acidic

33

Why is urine acidic

To help control bacterial growth

34

Urine dipstick measures what 7 things

PH
Specific gravity
Ketones
WBCs
RBCs
Nitrites
Protein

35

Over hydration
Using diuretics
Liver disorders
Hepatitis
Cirrhosis
Urine type

Clear
Colorless

36

Bright neon yellow urine is an effect of taking

Vitamin supplements

37

When finding pyuria, blood, epithelial cells, Leukocytes or kidney stones in urine the urine looks

Cloudy

38

Green urine indicates

Pseudomonas infection
Bile pigments

39

Dark yellow gold urine indicates

Low fluid intake
Dehydration
Bile
Kidneys inability to dilute urine

40

When urine is pink or red this indicates

Hematuria
Laxatives
Certain red foods

41

All dark urine can be the cause of

Dehydration

42

Drugs such as rifampin , warfarin, doxorubicin , phenazopyrodine along with food coloring a can make urine

Orange red brown

43

Blue green urine indicates

Meds: amitriptyline indomethacin
Or foods like asparagus

44

When finding
Chile
Prostatic fluids
Yeast infection
Urine is

Brown yellow

45

Hematuria
Liver disorders
Iron
Typhus infection
Methylene blue
Makes urine

Dark brown black urine

46

Painful or burning sensation when eliminating usually due to infection can also feel pains in pelvis

Dysuria

47

Frequent or repeated voiding during the night

Nocturia

48

Involuntary voiding in bed most common in children

Enuresis

49

Increase in average amounts of urine greater than 2,500mL per day

Polyuria

50

Polyuria is common in what diseases

Diabetes mellitus
Kidney disease

51

Loss off urine from bladder
Inability to hold urine

Incontinence

52

The stopping or inhibition of urination

Urinary suppression

53

A decrease of urine output less than 500mL a day

Oliguria

54

Total absence of urine less than 100mL / day

Anuria

55

Signs of failing kidneys

Anuria
Edema
Dim vision
Puffiness
Dizzy
Headache

56

Inability to empty bladder even when trying

Urinary retention

57

To check for urinary retention nurse must

Palate lower abdomen looking for distention

58

Causes of urinary retention

Parkinson's
Diabetes
Mess
Muscles
Spinal cord trauma
Enlarged prostate gland

59

Signs of urinary retention

Distention
Dribbling

60

When MO contaminate the urinary tract through openings

Urinary tract infections

61

Urinary tract infections are more common in women bc

Urethra is shorter

62

Inflammation if urethra

Urethritis

63

Inflammation of bladder

Cystitis

64

Inflammation of kidneys

Nephritis
Pyelonephritis

65

Renal calculi

Kidney stones

66

Bladder stones are called

Cystic calculi

67

Are kidney stones familial

Yea

68

When kidney stone becomes lodged in ureter and can cause extreme pain in lower back

Renal colic

69

End products of metabolism

Feces

70

A small silicone device used in place of gastronomy tube

Button feeding device

71

Tube for feeding placed through the skin

PEG

72

Tube for feeding through the nose to mouth

Nasogastric

73

Inserted into stomach tube feeding

Gastrostomy

74

Residual I one should not exceed

50mL

75

High ruin alkaline PH could mean

Kidney stones

76

Store enemas at what temperature

Room temp

77

Place client in what position for a retention enema

Knee chest

78

Retention enemas are held

25-30 minutes

79

Hat device is used to test specific gravity of urine

Urinometer
Hydrometer

80

Liner with edema should need what type of diet

Sodium controlled

81

Gelatin can be used as what diet

Clear liquid diet

82

Yellowish brown stool is

Normal

83

Gray stool indicates

Bike is missing
Gall bladder disease

84

Dark black tarry stool

Melena
Hemorrhage

85

Bright red stool

Rectal or anal bleeding
Hemmed puss

86

Yellow green stool

MO infection if a person holds in their stool it can cause constipation

87

Pencil like stools suggest

Narrowing of rectum and anal

88

Less dense stool suggests

Undigested fats

89

Pus or mucus in stool indicates

Inflammation or infection

90

Steatorhea

Stools with high fat content

91

Melena

Low intestinal hemorrhage

92

Black stool is what type of hemorrhage?

High intestinal

93

Normal bowel sounds per minute

4-32 per minute

94

Abdominal signs and symptoms check

Auscultation
Palpate

95

Client needs what for BRP

Md order

96

Fracture Ben pan used for patients

Fractured hips and have trouble lifting hips

97

Pediatric pan given to

Children

98

Starter used one time to collect specimen

Straight catheter

99

Foley catheter
Retention catheter
Indwelling catheters are

Two lumen catheters with balloon to hold in bladder

100

Inserted through abdominal wall above the symphysis pubis into bladder

Supra public catheter

101

Held in bladder by hook or mushroom

Supra public catheter

102

catheters for spinal cord injuries

Supra pubic catheters

103

Hanging bag below bladder is called

Straight gravity drainage

104

Check catheter every

4 hours

105

Once a day wash leg drainage bag in

Soapy warm water

106

Foods that lead to incontinence

Soda
Coffee tea
Chocolate
Acidic fruits
Pizza sauce
Milk products
Artificial sweeteners

107

Enemy given so that flares is expelled from intestine 5-10 minutes

Carminative enema

108

Enema that helps destroy intestinal parasites
Hold as long as possible

Anthelmintic enema

109

Contains a small amount of olive oil or cottonseed oil given to smooth mucous membrane in colon

Emollient

110

Contains a small amount of oil given in small amounts to be retained for 25-30 minutes

Oil retention enema

111

Insert drugs into rectum

Medicated enema

112

Digital removal of feces is contraindicated for PTs with

Adrian conditions
Reproductive surgery
Abdominoperitineal repair
Rectal surgery
Genitourinary surgery
Pregnant women
Radioactive
Anti cancer drugs

113

Harrish flush

Elevating bag
Lowering bag
Repeat
Used to expel flatus

114

Client with frequent skin irritating diarrhea

Use fecal incontinence pouch

115

Sputum collection will require what type of protection

Mask and eye protection

116

Specimen hat
Urinary hat
Toilet hat
Half pen

Measures output

117

Extremely concentrated urine at PH 1.025 indicates

Dehydration
Fluid retention edema

118

Low specific gravity 1.010 indicates

Diabetes mellitus
Too much diuretic Meds

119

Guiac test
Hematest
Hemoccult

Tests blood in stool

120

O&P tests are for

Parasites and eggs

121

guaic test can show a false positive when pt

Eats lots of red meat and takes lots of vitamin C

122

Lavage

Remove toxins from stomach

123

Gavage

Giving to stomach