Fund 38-39 44,45,37 Flashcards Preview

LPN Level 1 > Fund 38-39 44,45,37 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fund 38-39 44,45,37 Deck (113):
0

What is the client unit at the hospital?

Be area or hospital room

1

What is the client unit for home care

Any place where care and equipment can be placed

2

Name 3 hospital care settings

Hospital
LTC or ECF
Home care

3

What is LTC or ECF

Long term care or extended care facility where patients go after acute care

4

Name a few things you can do to promote safety and comfort to clients

Control odors
Keep noise levels down
Provide privacy
Maintain cleanliness
Explain call bell and equipment
I trod ice yourself

5

Side rails are considered restraints in what type of care setting

LTC or ECF

6

What are reasons side rails are used in hospitals

Patient safety & used as an enabler for clients to turn positions

7

Why is housekeeping important to the staff

Clean client rooms upon discharge or transfer

8

Name 5 provisions of nursing care

Check physicians order
Review care plan
Identify client two times
Explain procedures to client
Document
Provide privacy

9

What is the provision of nursing care

General guidelines for performing nursing procedures

10

direct care providers are

Licensed personnel

11

RPT

Registered physical therapist

12

OT

Occupational therapist

13

RT

Respiratory therapist

14

CT

Cardiac pulmonary therapist

15

OB

Obstetrics

16

P

Pediatrics

17

OR

Operating room

18

PACU

Post anesthesia recovery

19

RR

Recovery room

20

ASU

Ambulatory surgical unit

21

UAP

Unlicensed assisting personnel

22

Medsurg

Is surgical floor

23

Ortho

Orthopedics

24

Neura

Neurology

25

GU

Genital urinary

26

Geri

Geriatrics

27

Gyn

gynecology

28

Derm

Dermatology

29

Largest organ of the human body

Skin

30

ER

Emergency room

31

ICU

Intensive care unit

32

NICU

Neonatal care unit

33

PICU

Pediatrics

34

SICU

Surgical care

35

MICU

Medical care

36

TICU

Thoracic intermediate care unit

37

CCU

Coronary cardiac unit

38

What are reasons for dialysis

When kidneys re malfunctioning

39

CD

Chemical dependency

40

CDU

Clinical decision unit

41

Intermediate care unit??

Acute - care where patients get quick care and go home

42

Self Care

When patients can assist themselves

43

PMMR

Physical medicine rehab

44

SAR

Sub acute rehab

45

Hospice is

A facility where people go who have less than 6 months to live

46

OPD dept

Outpatients

47

Urgent care or fast track

Where they assess you quickly

48

Staff support

Secretaries
housekeeping
Pharmacy
Medical records
Dietary

49

What do quality assurance and safety committees do

Study incident reports and find ways to promote safety and accident prevention

50

Factors that cause fall accidents

Improper footwear
Medications impair patients
Incontinence

51

What are some type of equipment used for prevention

Alarms
Rails
Wander guards
Bed sensors

52

Types of restraints

Hand mits
Rails
Bed restraints

53

environmental hazards

Gasses fires or leaks

54

Occupational hazards

Chemical accidents
Needles
Radiation

55

Why is it important not to touch chemo mess with your hands

Can be absorbed in the skin

56

PPE

Personal protective equipment

57

MSDS

Material safety data sheets -
Instructions on chemical breakdown of material and exposure instructions

58

Procedure when seeing a spill

Follow hospital procedure
Avoid and hold breathe
Get help

59

Following any accident you must

File an incident report

60

fruits and flowers are dangerous to patients bc

Pesticides and bacteria

61

Glass products, belts neck ties are hazardous to what type of patients

Psych patients

62

how do you know what to feed patients

Follow nutrition plan by dietician

63

Name the two types of disasters

Internal and external

64

The assignment of degrees of urgency to wounds or illnesses to decide the order of treatment of a large number of patients or casualties

Triage

65

Name three ways you can move clients during a disaster

Horizontally
Vertically
Completely out of the bldg

66

Name three evacuation teqniques for patients in order

Ambulatory
Wheel chair
Bed ridden

67

Name a few things you can do when you answer a bomb threat

Keep caller on phone
signal for help

68

What do you do when there is a fire

RACE-
Remove
Alarm
Confine
Extinguish

69

Name the three types of extinguishers

Type A - water to put out paper fires
Type B - chemical and gas fires
Type C - dry chemicals and electrical fires

70

When you put out a wood or paper fire with an extinguisher what method do you use

Pass-
Pull
Aim
Squeeze
Sweep

71

Giving receiving and interpreting information through any of the 5 senses by two or more interacting people

Communication

72

Name the steps of the nursing process

ADPIE
Assessment
Diagnosis
Planning
Intervention
Evaluating

73

An interaction that is helpful and healing for one or more of the participants. Makes client feels nurtured and cared for

Personal characteristics of genuiness, caring, trust, empathy, and respect from the nurse to te client

74

Name the components of communication

Sender
Message
Medium or channel
Receiver
Interaction

75

Name the three types of communication

Verbal
Non verbal
Oral

76

Level of illness

Acuity

77

Types of verbal communication

Spoken words and written words

78

What are some reasons to why someone speaks very loud

Hearing impairment
Cultural
Difficulty speaking

79

What are some reasons as to why someone's would speak very soft

Cultural
Lack of self confidence
Paranoid
Nervous

80

Unable to speak

Aphasia

81

Types of nonverbal communication

Body language
Facial expressions
movements

82

Name types of oral communication

Vocal sounds
Grunts

83

Levels of personal space

Intimate
Personal
Social
Public

84

Factors that affect communication. Barriers

Age barriers
Language barriers
Cultural
Religious
Disabilities

85

A defect in or loss of the ability to speak or ability to comprehend speech & communication

Aphasia

86

Difficulty in speaking or finding correct word

Expressive aphasia

87

A disorder of the brain that interferes with understanding or comprehension

Receptive aphasia

88

The study of personal space

Proxemics

89

Haptic communication

Therapeutic touch

90

Arrival or entrance into a healthcare facility and the activities that surrounded it

Admission

91

Documented set of instructions that a client executes in the event that they cannot make health care decisions on their own due to incapacitation

Advanced directing

92

Two other names for advanced directive

Will
Health care proxy

93

Denotes someone you have chosen to make decisions for you in the event that you can't make them for yourself

Health care proxy

94

BRP

Bathroom privileges

95

Depriving a person of spirit , privacy , personality and human quality

Dehumanization

96

False evidence of appearing real

Fear

97

Vital signs

Temp
Pulse
Respirations
Pulse oximetry
Blood pressure

98

Name three types of weighing scales

Standing scale
Wheel chair scale
Bed scale

99

VORB

Verbal order read back

100

TORB

Telephone order read back

101

Md must sign torb or vorb within

24 hours

102

Absent with out leave

AWOL

103

Against medical advice

AMA

104

If a client tries to leave AMA what is needed

A witness

105

D/C begins on the day of

Admission

106

Client departments transfers depend on

Acuity

107

before any transfer can be done you need

A doctors order

108

Demographics
D/C plans
DX
Medical orders
Advanced directives
Flow sheets
TX
Are all found on

Client charts
Health records

109

Purpose of the health record

Communication between staff
Evidence
Educational purposes
Legal and financial requirement to insurance companies

110

2 types of health care records

Electronic
Paper

111

MIS

Medical information system

112

EMR

Electronic medical record