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Flashcards in nutrition 31-32 Deck (102):
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When individuals adopt beliefs values attitudes and behaviors of the dominant culture

Acculturation

1

Most common diseases in African Americans and Asians and why?

Hypertension
High salt an msg intake

2

Lactose intolerance are high amongst

African Americans
American Indians
Asians

3

Diet
Kosher
No pork
No rabbit
No shellfish
No scavenger fish

Jewish

4

No stimulants
No alcohol
Fast offerings
2 meals first of every month

Mormons

5

No meat and dairy at same meal

Jewish

6

No meat on Fridays

Roman Catholic

7

Lacto ovo vegetarians
No alcohol
No stimulants
No pork
No shellfish

Seventh day Adventist

8

Lacto ovo vegetarians
No alcohol

Hindu

9

Similar to kosher laws
No alcohol
Fat for a month during moon phases during daylight hours

Muslims

10

Plant foods only
No animal good or products

Vegans

11

Deficiencies in vegans diets

Vitamin b12
Vitamin D

12

Diet high in purines leads to

Gout

13

Nutrition for burn patients

Increase protein intake

14

Nutrition for those with malabsorption issues

Limit fat intake

15

Nutrition for fever diarrhea or dehydration

Increase fluid intake

16

Nutrition for those with anorexia or fatigue

Small frequent meals

17

May eat every mouthful with a price of bread

Middle eastern

18

Believe that the balance of hot and cold food is required for health

Hispanic Americans

19

May consume cooked starchy tubers and tropical fruits

Black Americans

20

Eat poultry
Pork
Fermented fish
And beef occasionally

Vietnamese

21

A belief in a ying yang theory

Japanese American

22

This food refers to both a cooking style (fried BBQ) and particular foods (collard greens black eyes peas) thy ppl living in south eastern US commonly eat

Soul food

23

Person who eats plants or dairy but no eggs

Lacto vegetarian

24

HDL

High density lipoprotein

25

GERD

Gastro esophageal reflux disease

26

DAT

Diet as tolerated

27

G tube

Gastronomy tube

28

J tube

Jejunostomy tube

29

NGT

Nasogastric tube

30

PEG

Percutanous endoscopic gastronomy tube

31

TPN

Total par enteral nutrition

32

PPN

Peripheral par enteral nutrition

33

TLC

Triple lumen catheter

34

PIV

Peripheral intravenous

35

NAS

No added salt

36

NCS

No simple sugars
Diabetes PTs

37

Drinking excess water

Polydipsia

38

Swallowing disorder

Dyspagia

39

Endentulous

No teeth

40

Low fiber

Low residue

41

Limits foods that stimulate the production of gastric juices

Bland diet

42

Plants and dairy
No eggs

Lacto vegetarian

43

Plants and eggs
No dairy

Ovo vegetarians

44

Plants
Dairy
Eggs
Yes

Lacto ovo vegetarians

45

ADA

American diabetic association

46

DM

Diabetes mellitus

47

Diet
Served every 2,3 or 4 hours
Consists of water and carbs
Limited to 24-36 hours

Clear liquid diet

48

Diet
Clear liquid and liquified foods
Milk based
Vitamin supplements added
Feeding every 2-3 hours

Full liquid diet

49

Diet
Texture is modified
Easy to digest
Little fiber

Soft diet

50

Diet ordered for
Post ip patients
Severe infections of GI and chewing problems

Soft diet

51

People with lactose intolerance lack

The enzyme lactase

52

hyperlipemia

High fat

53

Diet used for PTs with malabsorption syndrome

Low fat diet

54

Treatment diet for those with gall bladder dz or pancreatic dz

Low fat diet

55

Fat limited to 25-50g/day

Low fat diet

56

Diet very low in CHO
May lose effectiveness over time but is aimed at controlling seizure PTs

High fat ketogenic diet

57

feeding tube inserted into stomach

Gastrostomy tube
G tube

58

Tube place trough the skin

Per cutaneous tube
PEG

59

Inserted into the small intestine

Jejunal tube
J tube

60

Inserted through the nose into the stomach

Nasogastric tube
NGT

61

Diet for diabetes mellitus

Carb controlled diet

62

Diet for children with seizure disorders

Ketogenic

63

Diet for GERD

Bland diet

64

Diet given before and after intestinal surgery

Low residue diet

65

Diet given to those with hyperlipidemia

Fat controlled diet

66

What type of fiber helps increase stool bulk and stimulate peristalsis

Soluble fiber

67

diet given to PTs who are taking diuretics

High k+ potassium

68

This diet is recommended for people with difficulty chewing and swallowing

Mechanical soft diet

69

What type of diet is often given to those with constipation and diverticulitis

High fiber diet

70

This diet is to limit foods that stimulate production of gastric juices

Bland diet

71

Bland diet extremely low in carbs and contains 80-90% fat

Ketogenic

72

Allergic reactions to foods are caused by an autoimmune response to what foods

Protein

73

TPN is used when

The GI tract isn't functioning correctly

74

What are should the nurse take when client is on NPO status

Oral care

75

In what cases should the nurse order fluid restriction

Polydipsia
Hypernatremia

76

What food items should be avoided on a bland diet

Spicy and carbonated

77

What is the goal of diabetes mellitus to

Keep carbs low to keep glucose levels down

78

What kind of diet so you give a pt with pancreatic or fall bladder dz

Low fat diet

79

Most deadly food poisoning

Botulism

80

Food group highest in allergic reactions

Proteins

81

Beowulf of ying yang theory

Chinese

82

Vegetarian group who do not eat animal products

Vegans

83

A beginning evaluation of the PTs nitritiobal status

Nutritional assessment

84

Therapeutic diets are prescribed by

Doctor

85

A resource person for the utilization of the proper diet

Dietician

86

Diet ordered for PTs with high cholesterol

Low fat

87

Diet for a Pt before surgery

NPO

88

Diet that should not be maintained passed three days

Clear liquid

89

Only front quarter of animal can be eaten

Jewfish

90

separate silverware dishes pans are used to prepare different foods

Jewish

91

Ash wed and Good Friday no meat for

Roman Catholics

92

Diet often given to those with ulcers, gastritis, hiatal hernia, GERD

Bland diet

93

Diet that contains 3000 cal and 130g of protein

High caloric diet

94

Diet given to those with hyperthyroidism and malnutrition

High caloric diet

95

Repairs tissue

Protein

96

Fiber increases

Peristalsis

97

Fiber helps regulate

Blood glucose levels

98

Diets for those with celiac a disease

Gluten restricted diets

99

A protein found in rye oats and barley

Gluten

100

High calcium intake for clients with

Osteoporosis

101

Sodium restriction for PTs with

Edema or cardiac issues