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Flashcards in Fundamentals of Applied Kinesiology Deck (30)
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1

Kinematics

study of form, pattern or sequence of movement without regard to forces involved

2

kinetics

describes the effects of forces on the body

3

law of inertia

a body in rest/motion will stay in rest/motion unless an external force is acted against it

4

Law of acceleration

F=ma

5

law of reaction

every applied force is accompanied by an equal and opposite reaction

6

Four types of motion

rotary, translatory, curvilinear, and general plane of motion

7

rotary motion

object turning about fixed point (elbow-karate chop)

8

translatory motion

body segment is not tied down and all parts move in straight line at same speed (sliding arm out to grab a cup)

9

Curvilinear motion

similar to the path of ball thrown (combo of translatory and rotary)

10

general plane motion

simoultaneously linear and rotary (riding a bike, rotary motion in lower body, but whole body is moving linearly)

11

Motive vs Resistive force

Motive is force that speeds up and resistive slows down

12

isometric

muscle tension is created but there is no apparent length

13

what plane is flexion and extension

saggital

14

what plane is abduction adduction

frontal

15

what plane is internal and external rotation

transverse

16

Torque equation

FxFa(forceX length of lever arm)

17

three classes of levers

Wheel barrel, crow bar

18

agonist

prime mover, muscle that causes a desired motion

19

antagonist

muscle that opposes the action of the agonist

20

synergist

muscles that assists the agonist

21

closed chain movement

the end of chain is fixed (squat) and require more muscles than open

22

open chain movement

end of chain is free (seated leg extension)

23

Joint mobility

the range of uninhibited movement around a joint or body segment

24

joint stability

the ability to maintin or control joint movement

25

lordosis

increased anterior lubar curve

26

kyphosis

increase posterior thoracic curve

27

Scoliosis

lateral spinal curvature

28

axial skeleton

forms the core of the body

29

core anatomy

superfiiscial muscles are responsible for movement and deeper muscles are for stabilization for spine

30

symptoms of obesity

hypertension, dyslipidemia type 2 diabetes, stroke