Funeral Service Merchandise Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Funeral Service Merchandise Chapter 2 Deck (97):
1

What two materials account for 98% of all adult caskets sold in america

Wood and metal

2

Even when two caskets are made from the same tree, they are not _____________

Identical

3

The trees best quality wood, which is in the center of the tree

Heartwood

4

Though they may store sugars, Heartwood cells are no longer actively participating in these

Day to day functions of the tree

5

Heartwood cells are saturated with _______ that make the wood slightly darker in color and more decay-resistant

Resins

6

The layers of wood found between the heartwood and the bark of the tree

Sapwood

7

The cells of sapwood are the tree's

Vascular System

8

Of the two kinds of wood, which is preferred for casket construction

Heartwood

9

Gymnosperms

Softwood

10

Coniferous trees with needles or scale-like foliage

Softwood

11

Angiosperms

Hardwood

12

Broad leaved deciduous trees

Hardwood

13

Softwood and hardwood do not refer to what?

The actual relative hardness of the wood

14

List the commonly used hardwoods

Birch
Cherry
Mahogany
Maple
Oak
Poplar
Walnut

15

Pine is a

Softwood

16

While its sapwood is rather white, its heartwood is a reddish brown, and commonly used in furniture, doors, and cabinetry

Birch

17

Its sapwood is very white, in contrast to its very red or reddish brown heartwood

Cherry

18

Frequently seen finished in a reddish stain, commonly used in fine furniture and cabinetry, veneers, and architectural moldings

Cherry

19

Some of these can exhibit ribbon graining and commands a premium price

Mahogany

20

Frequently used in furniture, boats, and musical instruments

Mahogany

21

The color of its sapwood ranges from creamy white with a reddish-brown tint to grayish white; its heartwood is very dark reddish-brown

Maple

22

Its sapwood can be white to light brown, with light to dark reddish brown heartwood

Oak

23

May be the single most easily most easily recognized hardwood

Oak

24

The sapwood is usually white, but its heartwood is frequently greenish in color

Poplar

25

Frequently used in exterior siding and trim, doors and millwork

Poplar

26

Sapwood is usually creamy white that is sometimes steamed to a darker color, while its heartwood ranges from a light brown to a deep chocolate brown color

Walnut

27

Can range from creamy white to pink to yellow to light brown

Pine

28

A longleaf pine is very

Hard

29

White Pine is very

Soft

30

A casket constructed from many different species of wood; sometimes referred to as willow. The component parts of a single casket will not necessarily be constructed of same species of wood

Salix; select hardwood

31

Most wood caskets are constructed of solid wood, utilizing planks between _______

1" and 4" in thickness

32

The production of a good quality wood casket will require how many board feet of lumber?

130-150

33

Some units will incorporate up to

300 board-feet

34

A board-foot is a unit of dimensional measurement, equal to a piece of lumber _________

12" square and 1" thick

35

Made by uniting superimposed layers of different materials

Laminates

36

Typically, which layer of laminate is of finer quality and more expensive?

The uppermost visible layer

37

Created by gluing a thin layer of wood of superior value or excellent grain to an inferior wood

Wood Veneer

38

This is composed of particles of wood bonded together with waterproof glue together with heat and pressure

Composition Board

39

There are several types of composition board. What are they?

Particle board, hardboard, fiberboard, oriented strand brand, medium density fiberboard, and pressed board

40

What distinguishes the different types of composition board?

The size and shape of the particles of wood used

41

Thin sheets of wood glued together so that the grains are at right angles to one another

Plywood

42

An ___ number of sheets of plywood will always be used so the grain on the front and back will always run in the same direction

Odd

43

Plywood can be thought of as a laminate of many

Wood Veneers

44

Plywood is relatively strong, and its tendency to shrink, swell, and warp is much less that what?

A solid piece of wood

45

This refers to a product that is in fact all wood, but utilizes wood by-products, such as particle board

All Wood

46

A product that, excepting some hardware components, is made from solid wood pieces, the casket shell has no components formed from wood by-products

Solid Wood

47

Any metal formed from iron such as steel or stainless steel

Ferrous Metal

48

Any metal which is not formed from iron, such as copper or bronze

Non-Ferrous Metal

49

A metal alloy consisting mainly of iron and carbon

Steel

50

Used in caskets low in carbon which keeps it soft and malledable

Steel

51

This contains carbon in an amount up to 1.7% as an essential alloying constituent

Commercial Steel

52

Too much carbon will cause steel to do what?

Be too brittle

53

Due to the presence of carbon in the alloy, ordinary steel is alternatively called

Carbon Steel

54

Carbon steel caskets are classified according to what?

Gauge

55

A measurement of the thickness of metals

Gauge

56

Gauge is roughly equated to the number of sheets of metal necessary to equal approximately

One inch of thickness

57

What kind of relationship exists between the gauge number and the metal's thickness

Inverse

58

The lower the gauge number, the ________ the metal

Thicker

59

20 gauge steel is _________ than 16 gauge steel

Thinner

60

16 gauge steel is ________ than 18 gauge steel

Thicker

61

Officially, US standard gauge is a measurement of weight based on a specific ____________

Steel Density

62

19 gauge steel is approximately ____ thicker than 20 gauge steel

16%

63

19 gauge steel will, on average, last _____ longer than 20 gauge steel when buried in direct contact with the earth

29%

64

The mid-line of steel casket value is represented by those of what

18 gauge

65

18 gauge steel is approximately ____ thicker than 20 gauge steel

33%

66

When buried in direct contact with the soil, 18 gauge steel lasts about ____ longer than 20 gauge steel

58%

67

Caskets of 16 gauge steel are considered to be the ____ available within the carbon steel range

Finest

68

16 gauge steel is approximately ____ thicker than 20 gauge

67%

69

When buried in direct contact with the soil, 16 gauge will last ____ longer than 20 gauge

133%

70

Steel that has been coated with zinc for increased resistance to rust

Galvanized

71

A metal alloy of steel, chromium, and sometimes nickel, noted for its ability to resist rust (NOT RUSTPROOF)

Stainless Steel

72

An alloy often referred to as 400 series or 409 stainless

Ferritic stainless steel

73

A basic grade of stainless steel with good corrosion resistance properties

Ferritic Stainless steel

74

Composed mainly of iron and carbon, to which has been added in an amount not less than 10% of the whole

Ferritic Stainless Steel

75

The presence of nickel in this alloy has three effects:
-Offers additional corrosion resistance
-renders the alloy non-magnetically attractive
-Allows for stronger welds

Austentitic Stainless Steel

76

A magnet will stick to this series stainless steel

400 series

77

A magnet will NOT stick to this series stainless steel

300

78

The two non-ferrous metals commonly utilized are

Copper and bronze

79

Copper and bronze represent the ______ of the metal casket price and quality spectrum

High end

80

Non-ferrous metal caskets are distinguished by weight expressed in _______

Ounces per square foot

81

The thickness of non-ferrous metal caskets are distinguished by weight expressed in ounces per square foot, known as the _________

Brown and Sharpe Gauge

82

The greater number of ounces per square foot, the _______ the metal used to produce the casket

Thicker

83

A naturally occurring element, that is a malleable ductile metallic element having a characteristic reddish brown color

Copper

84

Copper __________ rust

Does not

85

Copper does not rust, but develops a mellow blue-green patina known as

Verdigris

86

Mankind's oldest known metal and, as such, today's public is very familiar with copper and its durability

Copper

87

Caskets formed from copper metal rolled into sheets

Wrought Copper

88

A casket made from a solid core of copper metal to which copper ions are combined by an electrolytic process

Copper Deposit

89

Long considered the ultimate material used in metal casket manufacture, a metal alloy consisting of 90% copper with tin and sometimes zinc comprising the other 10%

Bronze

90

Bronze is used in the production of

Cremation urns and cemetery memorials

91

Bronze caskets are seen in two varieties. What are they

Wrought bronze and cast bronze

92

Formed from bronze metal rolled into sheets

Wrought Bronze

93

Formed from molten bronze poured into a mold and allowed to cool

Cast Bronze

94

A cast bronze casket can weigh over

1000 pounds

95

A material consisting of very fine filaments of glass embedded in various resins

Fiberglass

96

Less frequently seen in casket shells and more commonly used in hardware components, this is a synthetic or natural organic material shaped when soft and then hardened

Plastic

97

A compound, similar in appearance to plastic, that has a high molecular weight creating an extremely durable substance

Polymer