Klicker Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Klicker Chapter 10 Deck (235):
1

A rigid container which is designed for the encasement of human remains and which is usually constructed of wood, metal, or like material, and ornamented and lined with fabric

Casket (FTC)

2

A case or receptacle in which human remains are placed for protection, practical utility, and a suitable memory picture

Casket

3

Any box or container of one or more parts in which a dead human body is placed prior to interment, entombment or cremation which may or may not be permanently interred, entombed, or cremated with the dead human remains

Casket

4

A case or receptacle for dead human remains which is anthropoidal in shape

Coffin

5

The forerunner of today's casket

Coffin

6

In the ________ this octagon shaped wooden container was built either by the deceased's family or by cabinet makers

17th century

7

What started the metal casket industry?

Fesk Metallic Coffins

8

In what year did Fesk Metallic Coffins start the metal casket industry?

1848

9

Wood dominated casket construction until

Late 1800s

10

A natural material that provides a beautiful and warm appearances

Wood

11

Various staining and finishing techniques may enhance

Grain patterns

12

Wood that comes from trees that lose their leaves annually (deciduous trees)

Hardwood

13

Close-grained resistant wood, usually more expensive

Hardwood

14

Wood from cone bearing trees (coniferous)
Lighter and more easily cut

Softwood

15

Constructed by hand and are later hand finished

Milled Components

16

Generally, lumber is first air dried for an average of

One to six months

17

Air drying the lumber for one to six months reduces the moisture content to about

35%

18

The lumber is pre-dried up to

28 days

19

Pre-drying the lumber up to 28 days further reduces the moisture content to about

20%

20

After pre-drying the lumber up to 28 days, the lumber is then kil dried for

4-7 days

21

Kiln drying reduces moisture to

5-6%

22

Characterized by its smooth, thin layered bark

Birch

23

Lumber harvested from this tree is a closed grain, heavy white wood

Birch

24

A durable wood often seen in kitchen cabinetry

Birch

25

Birch will accept a

Variety of stains

26

Another white, closed grained wood that is often stained in a red hue

Cherry

27

A high gloss finish complements the rich appearance of this attractive species

Cherry

28

Considered the premier hardwood by many, this is one of the more expensive species used in casket construction

Mahogany

29

Imported from Central America and sometimes Africa

Mahogany

30

A fine grained hardwood that is reddish brown in appearance

Mahogany

31

A light, closed grained wood that may be finished in any stain

Maple

32

Consumers are familiar with this wood as it is found in furniture and bowling alley lanes

Maple

33

Known for its strength and durability, this is a popular light colored hardwood

Oak

34

Both red and white ___ caskets have comprised approximately one-third of all hardwood caskets sold in the US

Oak

35

Consumers are familiar with this as a structural component of furniture, home interior trim, and wood flooring

Oak

36

An expensive wood found in few hardwood caskets

Walnut

37

A brown wood that is decreasing in popularity due to the high cost of raw lumber

Walnut

38

Represents approximately 2% of all hardwood casket sales

Walnut

39

Rarely used today in the manufacture of furniture

Walnut

40

An abundant resource in the US

Pine

41

Light colored soft wood noted for its twig knots which provide an attractive feature for many consumers

Pine

42

A softwood that varies in grain pattern

Pine

43

Its relative low cost makes it an attractive choice in wood caskets

Pine

44

A number of woods originate from this genus of trees

Populus

45

Commonspecies of the Populus genus are

Poplar, cottonwood, tulip tree, willow, and salix

46

Found in the eastern and central US and is noted for its rapid growth and luxuriant foliage

Poplar

47

A soft white wood and will adapt to most any type of stain

Poplar

48

A casket constructed from many different species of wood sometimes referred to a salix or willow

Selected Hardwood (Salix)

49

Gluing together sheets of different materials. Occasionally, wood caskets may be covered with this

Laminate

50

May be described as a thin covering or layer over a thick base material

Laminate

51

Often, this is of finer quality than the inexpensive base

Laminate

52

The purpose of this is to provide a rich appearance without the high cost of using the solid raw material throughout the casket shell

Wood Veneer

53

Man made or artificial laminates, such as vinyl, adhered to a wood or wood by-product base material

Artificial Veneer

54

Tend to be inexpensive and provide an alternative to traditional wood and metal caskets

Artificial Veneers

55

A cardboard often used to construct lightweight, inexpensive caskets

Corrugated fiberboard

56

Sometimes, caskets made of this material are marketed as alternative containers or caskets for direct dispositions

Corrugated fiberboard

57

Particles of wood bonded together with waterproof glue; the different types are distinguished by the size of the particles of wood used

Composition Board

58

This sheets of wood glued together so that the grains are at right angles to one another; an odd number of sheets will be used so that the grain on the front and back will always run the same direction

Plywood

59

The most popular type of casket sold today in the US is

Metal

60

Any metal formed from iron

Ferrous Metal

61

A metal alloy consisting mainly of iron and carbon

Steel

62

Used in caskets, it is low in carbon, which keeps it soft and malleable

Steel

63

A measurement of thickness of metals
The number of sheets of metal necessary to equal approximately one inch of thickness

Gauge

64

The lower the gauge, the ________ the metal

Thicker

65

16 gauge =

1/16th of an inch

66

20 gauge =

1/20th of an inch

67

On average, a 19 gauge is ____ thicker than a 20 gauge

16%

68

On average, a 19 gauge will last __ longer than a 20 gauge when buried in soil

29%

69

18 gauge is ___ thicker than 20 gauge

33%

70

18 gauge will last __ longer than 20 gauge when buried in soil

58%

71

16 gauge is ___ thicker than 20 gauge

67%

72

16 gauge will last ___ longer than 20 gauge when buried in soil

133%

73

_________ is the thickest and most durable carbon steel used in the manufacturing of caskets

16 gauge

74

A metal alloy of steel, chromium, and sometimes nickel which is used in casket construction; noted for its ability to resist rust

Stainless Steel

75

All grades of stainless steel must have at least ___ to qualify as stainless steel

11% chromium

76

Stainless steel represents a bridge between

Steel caskets and copper and bronze caskets

77

Stainless steel offers additional

Corrosion protection

78

Stainless steel lacks the _______________ of copper and bronze

Longevity

79

Although there are 40 types of stainless steel on the market, casket manufacturers appear to choose

2 types

80

This stainless steel contains 11-12% chromium. No nickel is found. Often found in automotive mufflers

400 (often called 409) series

81

A higher grade stainless steel. Contains 18% chromium and 8% nickel
Highest known alloy content in stainless steel caskets produced today
May be found in fine tableware, sailboat cleats, shackles, and jet engines

300, 304, or austenitic series

82

Nickel renders steel

Non Magnetic

83

Steel that has been coated with zinc for increased resistance to rust

Galvanized

84

Any metal which is not formed from iron

Non-Ferrous Metal

85

Non-ferrous metal is measured in

Ounces per square foot

86

These are non-ferrous metals used in casket construction

Copper and Bronze

87

A casket made from a core of copper metal to which copper ions are deposited by an electrolytic process, forming a seamless unit

Copper Deposit

88

Copper metal rolled into sheets

Wrought Copper

89

A metal alloy consisting of 90% copper with tin and sometimes zinc comprising the other 10%

Bronze

90

Not a natural element, but rather it is a copper alloy that is noted for its strength and ability to resist rust

Bronze

91

This is stronger and more durable than both copper and steel

Bronze

92

The higher the numeric value of ounces per square foot, the ___________ the metal

Thicker

93

Bronze metal rolled into sheets

Wrought Bronze

94

Molten bronze poured into a mold and allowed to cool

Cast Bronze

95

A compound similar to plastic

Polymer

96

Molten metal is poured into a mold forming a seamless unit

Cast

97

Sheets of metal are pressed by a hydraulic pump in designed forms. The component parts are welded together

Stamped

98

The component parts that compose the cap (lid) and body of the casket

Shell

99

The top most part of the casket shell, including the ogee, crown, pie, and header

Cap

100

An S shaped molding that is a component part of the casket cap

Rim (Ogee)

101

The uppermost part of the cap, extending from rim to rim; everything above the rim

Crown

102

The wedge shaped portion of the cap (lid) at each end of the crown

Pie (Fishtail)

103

The turned under edge or horizontal portion of the rim that comes into contact with the gasket or body ledge flange (top body molding flange)

Rim Flange

104

Found on cut top of gasketed caskets
Is an integral part of the foot panel header on gasketed caskets
The function is to hold the transverse gasket to seal the space between the head and foot caps

Gasket Channel

105

That portion of the casket shell containing the top body molding, body panel, base molding, and casket bottom

Body

106

A molding along the uppermost edge of the body panels

Top Body Molding

107

The horizontal portion of the top body molding where the gasket is placed on gasketed protective caskets

Top Body Molding Flange

108

Compose the sides and ends of the casket shell

Body Panels

109

Molding along the lower most edge of the body panels

Base Molding

110

The handles, ornamental fixtures and their fittings that are attached to the casket shell

Hardware

111

A moveable casket handle with a hinged arm. It can be full length, individual, or single

Swing Bar

112

A non-moveable casket handle. It can be full length, individual, or single

Stationary Bar

113

A single handle, in which the lug, arm, and bar are combined in one unit

Bail Handle

114

The part of the casket handle that is attached to the casket body

Lug

115

That part of the casket handle that attaches the bar to the lug

Arm

116

That part of the casket handle, attached to the lug or arm, which is grasped by the casket bearer

Bar

117

The decorative or ornamental part of the casket handle that covers the exposed ends of the bar

Tip

118

An optional part of the hardware that is attached to the four corners of the body panel

Corner

119

The most expensive hardware production method in which molten metal is poured into a mold, allowed to cool, and is then removed from the mold

Cast Hardware

120

A hardware production method of lesser expense whereby the casket hardware sections are pressed on a hydraulic press

Stamped Hardware

121

A method of molding plastic by injecting molten plastic into a die

Plastic Extrusion Molding

122

The focal part of the interior, which fills the inside of the crown or uppermost part of the cap

Cap Panel

123

Casket is fully opened at the head and foot

Full Couch

124

The casket top is divided into two sections. Only the head section is open

Half Couch

125

A component part of the casket interior which is inside the head portion of the cap; no distinction is made between the head panel and foot panel in full couch caskets

Head Panel

126

A component part of the casket interior which is inside the foot portion of the cap

Foot Panel

127

Functional or ornamental covering that usually covers the foot end of the casket in the full couch casket; may be located at both the head and foot of the full couch casket

Inner Panels

128

A casket in which the cap is in two pieces; the rim (ogee) and foot panel is one piece which is hinged to the top body molding; and the head panel being the second piece which is hinged to the rim

Single Hinged Panel

129

A casket in which the rim (ogee), crown, and pies are formed as one unit and which raises as one piece

Perfection Full Couch

130

A casket in which the rim (ogee) crown, and pies are formed as one unit with a transverse cut in the cap, forming a two-piece lid for the casket

Perfection Half Couch

131

A component part of the casket interior which lines the rim(ogee) and surrounds the cap panel

Roll (Cove, Puffing)

132

A strip of metal, plastic, or cloth that is attached to the inside of the panel, covering the area at which point the roll (cove) is anchored

Gimp (fold)

133

The aesthetic covering for the foot cap or inner foot panel of the casket

Throw (Overlay, Overthrow)

134

The lining attached to the undersurface of the foot panel of the casket and/or a component part of the throw (overlay), which extends downward into the body of the casket

Apron (Overlay Skirt)

135

The portion of the casket interior which extends over the top body molding for aesthetic value

Extendover

136

The portion of the casket upon which the deceased human remains are placed

Bed

137

Has springs that can be raised or lowered

Adjustable bed

138

Is not able to be raised or lowered

Stationary Bed

139

Interior cloth or material which covers that mattress or bedding of the casket

Mattress Cover

140

Material that drapes the inside perimeter of the body of the casket

Body Lining

141

That portion of the casket interior covering the hinges that attach the casket cap to the casket body; usually extends from the roll and becomes a part of the body lining

Hinge Cover (Skirt)

142

A cloth bag filled with soft material used to support the head of the deceased

Pillow

143

A piece of fabric used to cover the body of a deceased, especially the lower legs and feet when displayed in a full open casket

Blanket

144

A form of casket interior created by placing the lining material on a metal form, adding weights, steaming that material, and then attaching it to a suitable upholstery (backing) material

Crushed Interior

145

A style of casket interior in which the material is drawn or gathered in parallel fashion in a particular sewing process

Shirred Interior

146

A style of casket interior created by placing a padding material between a lining material and a backing material, with subsequent stitches taken, forming small raised puffs; carriage tufting and biscuit tufting are the two most common types used in caskets

Tufted Interior

147

A tightly drawn form of casket interior style

Tailored Interior

148

A combination of a tailored interior with one or more other styles of interior; for effect

Semi-Tailored

149

A unique design is created in the head panel

Specialty Head Panels

150

More than one style used in the interior

Combination

151

A thin crinkled cloth of silk, rayon, cotton, or wool

Crepe

152

A fabric woven to create a smooth, lustrous face and dull back. Made from silk, nylon, or rayon

Satin

153

A fabric of silk, cotton, and possibly rayon with a thick, soft pile or nap

Velvet

154

A fabric made from flax; noted for its strength, coolness, and luster

Linen

155

A fabric woven to look like linen used as casket linen material

Linen Weave

156

A textile weave in which threads are crossed over one another to give an appearance of diagonal lines

Twill Weave

157

Cardboard

Fiberboard

158

Pressed paper in sheet form; used in casket construction as a backing material

Masselin

159

A synthetic or natural organic material shaped when soft and then hardened

Plastic

160

Padding Materials are

Cotton
Polyethylene Foam
Shredded Paper
Spun Polyester
Excelsior (wood shavings)

161

Has no stain or protective varnish

Unfinished

162

May be stained or unstained with an outer protective coating of varnish or polyurethane

Natural Finish

163

A color stain is applied

Stained

164

Has no stain, but may be covered with protective varnish

Unstained

165

A surface made smooth and glossy usually by friction; brought to a highly developed, finished, or refined state; burnished

Polished (Gloss)

166

Low luster

Semi-Gloss

167

A finish used on casket exteriors that is free of gloss; dull, lusterless surface, no shine or gloss

Flat Finish (Matte finish)

168

Has less luster than semi-gloss

Sating

169

The application of paint, single or multicolored

Painted

170

Made by uniting superimposed layers of different materials

Laminates

171

Wood is covered by cloth

Cloth Covered

172

A twilled, mapped, woolen, or worsted fabric with a smooth lustrous face and dense texture; a fabric usually made of cotton, silk, or rayon woven in a plain or rib weave with a soft semi-gloss finish

Broadcloth

173

A heavy durable cotton fabric with a short thick velvety nap on one side; woven cloth with a suede-like appearance with a nap of less than 1/8th of an inch

Doeskin (Moleskin)

174

A woven cloth with a nap exceeding 1/8th inch

Plush

175

Material has no raised surfaces

Smooth

176

To ornament with a raised work; to raise relief from surface; material having designs raised above the surface

Embossed

177

A metal casket is first painted, then scratched with an abrasive material to the base metal, and then finished with a sealer and buffed until a smooth high gloss is obtained. Found mainly in stainless steel, copper, and bronze caskets

Brushed

178

The finish created when base metal is coated by another metal via an electrolytic process. It is identified when used in casket construction by the term deposit as in copper deposit

Plated

179

Paint is sprayed on the casket

Sprayed

180

High shine

Gloss

181

An exterior casket finish in which the metal is coated with a substance that wrinkles as it dries; usually used on less expensive caskets

Crinkled

182

A sprayed finish that has the appearance of small indentations in the metal; the indentations are in the paint and appear as the paint dries; usually found on inexpensive caskets

Hammertone

183

No Shine

Flat

184

A casket having ends in the shape of a half circle

Elliptic

185

A casket having eight angles or corners and therefore has eight sides or surfaces on the side of the body panel

Octagon

186

Curved corner formed by the addition of a rounded corner piece that has been stamped or milled during the manufacturing process. The corner is welded into position

Round Corner

187

The sides and ends are joined at a 90 degree angle. Sometimes called the mitered corner, it is less expensive than the round corner because it requires fewer component pieces and fewer hours of labor

Square Corner

188

A casket shell design in which the sides and ends of the casket body flare out from the bottom to the top; a casket shell design that is narrower and shorter at the bottom than at the opening of the top

Flaring Square

189

A casket body style with the body sides at a 90 degree angle to the bottom

Vertical Side Square (State Casket)

190

A casket design which displays a body panel with the shape of an urn

Urnside

191

A flat rubber material is located along the top body molding flange of the casket shell. Another gasket is located between the lids in the perfection half couch style

Gasketed

192

A single molded piece of rubber

Gasket

193

Connect the cap to the body

Hinges

194

Locks the cap to the body

Locking mechanism

195

Types of locking mechanisms

End Lock
Side or Front Lock
Lever Lock

196

A simple latch secures the cap to the body after closure

Latch Closure

197

A threaded screw-type fastener used on a hinged cap-style casket

Threaded Fasteners

198

Epoxy and other cements are used. For sealing the cap and body on some infant caskets, butyl tape is used

Chemical Compounds

199

Airtight; impervious to external influence; completely sealed by fusion or soldering

Hermetically sealed

200

Average adult wood casket inside measurement is

75 x 22 inches

201

Average adult metal casket inside measurements

78 x 23 inches

202

Average adult wood casket height measurements

16-22 inches

203

Average adult metal casket height measurements

16-24 inches

204

The outside dimensions of the average adult casket are

84 x 29 inches

205

Any container which is designed for placement in the grave around the casket, including, but not limited to containers commonly known as burial vaults, grave boxes, and grave liners

Outer burial Container

206

An outer enclosure which offers protection from the earth load as well as possessing sealing qualities

Burial Vaults

207

The two purposes of a burial vault are?

Support the load of the earth
Limit intrusion of outside elements

208

What can OBCs be made of?

Concrete or metal

209

Two types of concrete OBCs?

With or without a steel reinforcement

210

Interior lining of OBCs include

Polystyrene
ABS Material
Stainless Steel
Copper
Bronze
Asphalt

211

Metal OBCs are measured in

Gauge

212

Types of metal OBCs?

Steel
Stainless Steel
Copper

213

Metal burial vaults are constructed so that the casket is placed on the bottom portion and the _____ is secured to the bottom

Dome

214

The top of an air sal burial vault that entraps air as it is put in position. It also supports the weight of the earth above

Dome

215

A method of sealing a vault that utilizes the air pressure created by placing dome of the vault onto the base of the vault

Air Seal

216

A method of sealing that utilizes an epoxy compound in conjunction with a tongue in groove closure at the top of the vault

Top Seal

217

A method of sealing burial vaults that utilizes the principle of the air seal in conjunction with an epoxy material at the junction of the dome and the base of the vault

Double Seal

218

Standard Burial Vault Dimensions are

30 x 86 inches inside dimensions

219

An outer enclosure that offers protection for the earth load but without sealing qualities

Grave Liner

220

What are grave liners constructed with?

Concrete
Wood
Polymers and Fiberglass

221

An outer enclosure consisting of a body and a one or two piece lid

Grave box

222

A grave liner consisting of 6 or 8 slabs of unfinished concrete placed around the casket

Sectional

223

Metal or Concrete vault for urns

Urn Vault

224

An outer enclosure utilized for the protection of casketed remains during transportation

Transfer Container

225

A transfer container consisting of a wooden tray with a cardboard covering for the casket

Air Tray

226

A gasket sealed container which can be used as an insert into a casket or a separate shipping container

Ziegler Case

227

A transfer container made entirely of wood

Wood Box

228

A transfer container consisting of a particle board box with a cardboard tray and cover to satisfy air-shipping regulations

Combination Case

229

A non-metal receptacle or enclosure without ornamentation or a fixed interior lining, designed for the encasement of human remains and which is made of cardboard, pressed wood, composition material, or pouches of canvas or other materials

Alternative Container

230

An unornamented casket made of wood which does not have a fixed interior lining

Unfinished Wood Box

231

Any product consisting of a unit or series of units which are designed or intended to be used together as both a casket and as a permanent burial receptacle

Combination Unit

232

A container for cremated remains; a vase with a foot or pedestal

Urn

233

What are the dimensions of an urn that are required to fit an average human body

200 cc (cubic centimeters)

234

The various miscellaneous items provided or used to complement the services of a funeral director

Sundry Items

235

Sundry Items include

Register books
Prayer Cards
Religious, Fraternal, Military Symbols
Thank you cards
Clothing
Other Cremation Containers
Flower