- Perfection full-couch
- Full couch
- Perfection half-couch
- Single hinged panel
- Full hinge panel
- Slip panel (Lift Panel)
- Diagonal couch
- Three-quarter couch
- Priest casket
- Reverse hinge
Cap Opening Styles
Distinguished betwen the varieties most commonly used today and the older version of these casket designs.
- The ogee is an integral part of the cap, attached to the crown.
- This prefix is usually dropped
The ogee portions of the cap were hinged independently of the crown and would fold outward and downward.
Vintage Full-Couch and Half-Couch Caskets
A casket in which the rim (ogee), crown and pies are formed as one unit and which raises in one piece.
- Remains are seen head to foot, unless an inner foot panel is used to cover the lower half of the body.
Similar to the full couch perfection cut. Contains no inner foot panel; however, a "blanket" is used to cover the lower portion of the deceased.
One in which the entire lid is raised. The ogee is hinged along the entire front of the casket to fold out to display the interior of the casket.
A casket in which the rim (ogee), crown, and pies are formed as one unit with a transverse cut in the cap, forming a two piece lid for the casket.
- Deceased is only seen from the waist up when viewed.
Perfection Half Couch
One in which the upper half of the deceased is viewed. The head panel is raised with the ogee hinged to fold out to display the interior of the casket.
A casket in which the cap is in two pieces, the rim (ogee) and foot panel is one piece which is hinged to the top body molding and the head panel being the second piece which is hinged to the rim (ogee).
- Entire cap raises to allow casketing of the deceased.
- Only the crown portion at the head end of the casket is open for viewing.
- Extendovers and overthrows not commonly employed with this style.
Single-Hinged Panel (Hinged-Cap, Hinged Panel)
Similar to the hinged panel except for the fact that both the head and foot panel are raised so that the remains may be viewed.
Full Hinge Panel
The cut dividing the head panel and the foot panel is made at a 45 degree angle to the shell of the casket instead of the usual 90 degree angle. This allows approximately 3/4 of the right side of the body of the deceased to be viewed, and approximately 1/2 of the left side is exposed.
Diagonal Couch (The 45)
Similar to the half couch except for the fact that 3/4 of the upper portion of the remains are viewed.
A casket opening style in which the cap or lid at the head end of the casket is completely removed from the casket for the purpose of viewing; the remains may be viewed from either side of the casket.
- Commonly- Orthodox Jewish Aaron
- Almost exclusively in wood caskets
- Cap is not hinged to top body molding
- Cap is held in place by dowels when closed
- Similar to a priest casket
Slip Panel Design (Lift Panel)
A casket in which the entire lid may be removed in order to view the body.
One in which the body is viewed from the deceased's left side instead of the usual right side.
Categorized by the designs applied to the ends of the casket, the style of the casket corners, and the profiles of the casket body panels. Defined by the casket's ends and corners and are best illustrated when viewed from above.
Casket Shell Design Variations
A casket having ends in the shape of a half circle. Resembles the shape of an antique bathtub.
- Historically- almost exclusively a femimine casket
Elliptic (Tub Design)
A casket having eight angles or corners and therefore has eight sides or body panels.
- Vast majority are inexpensive cloth-covered units.
Features a curved corner profile.
- Slightly more expensive- increased amount of workmanship
- Typically no corner hardward to conceal defects (corner weld seams must be carefully finished and smoothly blended with adjoining surfaces).
Round Corner Design
Side and end panels are perpendicular to one another, joined at a 90 degree angle. Square in shape.
- One of the easiest and least costly to manufacture
- Seams are easily concealed with corner hardware.
Square-Corner (Mitter) Design
- Flaring Square
- Verticle side
- State Casket
Shapes of the Casket Body Panels
A casket shell design in which the sides and ends of the casket body flare out from bottom to top; (the casket) is narrower and shorter at the bottom than at the opening of the top.
- Frequently used for lower-range cloth-covered caskets
Flaring Square Design
A casket body style with the body sides at a 90 degree angle to the bottom.
A casket in which the body panels are at a 90 degree angle to the bottom and the corners form 90 degree angles.
State Casket (Vertical Side Square)
A casket design in which the body panels display the shape of an urn.
- Typically seen within the upper range of any given construction material category.
Gasketed or Non-Gasketed
Methods of Cap Closure
A casket, almost always of metal or plastic polymer construction, that incorporates a rubber gasket, placed on the perimeter of the body ledge flange (and in the case of half couch caskets, also on the transverse gasket channel). When the casket is closed, the gasket is compressed against the casket body and held in place by the cap's ogee flange. (And the transverse gasket flange on the head cap header for half-couch).
- Inhibits the entrance of water, soil, and other gravesite elements.
simply do not have a gasketed unit, they will go about achieving that purpose via alternative means.
- Locking mechanism
- The gasket
Components of Greatest Importance- Gasketed Caskets
A one-piece molding of rubber. Ridges and depressions are often formed into this to improve its efficacy.
- Adhered to the body ledge flange, in half couch caskets, secondary lies atop the gasket channel found on the foot cap header.
Connect the cap (or caps) to the body. In order to provide even pressure on the gasket and to enhance the casket's aesthetics when viewed from all sides, most gasketed caskets feature these actually located inside the casket.
- Inside the body ledge flange and the ogee flange
- Small apertures in the gasket allow these to function properly, while maintaing the casket's integrity.
- Sliding lock bar
- Lever lock
- Threaded fastener
A bar, usually of stamped steel, which has been designed to incorporate wedges and is attached to an assembly that allows the bar to travel back and forth.
- Closing is accomplished with a key- causes the bar to travel or slide and engage eyes (striker pins) located on the ogee flange, drawing the cap to the body.
- Key's insertion point usually found in the top body molding at the foot end of the casket or in the middle front of the casket.
Sliding Lock Bar
Usually an elaborately-handled allen wrench.
A less expensive method by which the cap is drawn tightly to the body. Attached to the exterior of the casket on the body ledge flange, this pivots, engages an eye or aperture on the ogee flange, and like the sliding bar, pulls the cap downward.
- Rather bulky and can reduce the aesthetic appeal of any casket so equipped.
A screw type fastener. Gasket compression is achieved by tightening screws that secure the cap to the body.
- Utilized by the Ziegler case
- Latch closure
- Threaded fastener
Casket Lacking Gasket Closures
Uses a simple spring-loaded latching mechanism similar to that found on a jewelry box. Most can be actuated with just the fingers, some will require a key.
- Wood caskets and inexpensive metal caskets
Latch Closure Method
Frequently used to close hinged-cap caskets. A thumbscrew extends from the crown into the ogee, where it is recieved by a threaded metal sleeve.
Threaded Fastener- Nongasketed
Though this term implies that the casket is not designed to inhibit the entrance of gravesite elements, there are two varieties of closure utilized by this kind of casket that attempt to ensure that the casket is resistant to the entrance of soil and water.
- Butyl tape
A synthetic rubber with excellent adhesive qualities (Butyl Tape). These function effectively as gaskets and are frequently used in conjunction with a tongue-and-groove design incorporated into the cap/body.
- Commonly seen used to close two-piece infant caskets and burial vaults.
Butyl Tape and Epoxies
Made airtight; impervious to external influence; completely sealed by fusion or soldering.
- Historically used to seal the massive cast bronze caskets