Klicker Chapter 10- Caskets and Vaults Flashcards Preview

Management- Mors 200 Study Guide > Klicker Chapter 10- Caskets and Vaults > Flashcards

Flashcards in Klicker Chapter 10- Caskets and Vaults Deck (87):
1

Casket and coffin

Casket is a receptacle for remains that protects and gives a suitable memory picture

Coffin is anthropoidal in shape. Forerunner for the casket. Prominently used in the 17th century.

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Fesk metallic coffins started the metal casket industry in?

1848

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Wood dominated the casket construction industry until?

1800s

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Casket companies started in...

Batesville: 1884
Aurora: 1890
Boyertown: 1917

By 1950s, there were over 700 casket manufacturers in the US. Consolidation resulted in 175 manufacturers in the US in 2007

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Wood caskets Less protection than metal.

Hardwood: from trees that loose their leaves Annually. More expensive. (Deciduous)

Softwood: cone bearing trees. Lighter and easier to cut. (Coniferous)

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Birch

Smooth thin layered bark, closed grain, heavy white wood. Often seen in kitchen cabinetry.

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Cherry

White close grained. Often stained red. High gloss

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Mahogany

Premier hardwood. Expensive, imported from Central America and Africa. Reddish brown.

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Maple

Light, accepts any stain. In furniture and 🎳 lanes

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Oak

Strong and durable, red and white oak comprise about 1/3 of all hardwood caskets sold in US.

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Walnut

Expensive, brown, decreasing in popularity because it's so costly. 2% of hardwood casket sales

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Pine

Abundant, noted for its twig-knots, inexpensive.

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Poplar

From populus genus of trees. From eastern and central US. Grows fast. Soft white. Will adapt any stain.

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Selected Hardwood- SALIX

Whole casket constructed out of many types of wood.

-laminates
-wood veneer
-artificial veneer
-wood by-products
-composition board
-plywood

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Metal caskets

Most popular.
Steel carries highest % of sales.
Component parts are made of sheet metal. Heavy machinery required to create the smooth look and rigidity.

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Ferrous metal

-Formed from iron (Fe)
-Steel: iron + carbon. Soft and malleable
-Gauge: measurement of thickness. # of sheets required to create 1 inch of thickness. -The smaller the number, the thicker the sheet.
-Stainless steel: steel, chromium, and nickel. -Resists rust.
-Companies usually use 400 and 300 series. 300 being the better choice.

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Galvanized

Steel that has been coated with zinc for increased resistance to rust.

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Non-ferrous metal

Any metal not formed from iron.

Copper: reddish brown, easily molded. No Fe, no rust. Virtually indestructible.

Copper deposit: made from core of copper metal. Forms a seamless unit.
Wrought copper: rolled into sheets

Bronze: 90% copper with tin. Sometimes zinc. Strongest. Measured by ounces per square foot. Usually 32 or 48 oz.

Wrought bronze: rolled into sheetsCast bronze: molten and poured into mold.

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Other materials

Plastic and fiberglass: are easy to make, limited to lower end caskets.

Fiberglass are more common and can be finished in any color. Usually intended to resemble other materials such as marble. Resists deterioration.

Polymer: similar to plastic.

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Production methods

Cast: molten metal poured into seamless unit

Stamped: sheets are pressed by hydraulic pump in designed forms. Parts are welded together.

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Component parts Shell

Parts that compose the cap and body of casket

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Component partsCap

Top most part of casket shell, includes ogee, crown, pie, and header.

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Component partsRim (Ogee)

"S" shaped molding part of the cap.

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Component partsCrown

Uppermost part of the cap. Extending from rim to rim. Everything above the rim.

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Component partsPie (fishtail)

Wedge shaped portion of the cap (lid) at each end of the crown.

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Component partsRim Flange (Ogee Flange)

Turned under edge of the rim that comes into contact with gasket

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Component partsGasket channel

Found on cut top of gasketed caskets. Integral part of foot panel header.

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Component parts Body

Part of shell containing top body molding, body panel, base molding, and casket bottom

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Component partsTop body molding(Body ledge)

Molding Along uppermost edge of body panels

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Component partsTop body molding flange(Body ledge flange)

Horizontal portion of top body molding where the gasket is placed.

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Component partsBody panels

compose the sides and ends of the casket shell

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Component partsBase molding

Molding along the lower most edge of the body panels

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Component partsHardware

Handles, ornamental fixtures, their fittings

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Types of handles

Swing bar: moveable handle with hinged arm. Can be full length, individual or single.

Stationary bar: non moveable. Bail handle: lug, arm, and bar combined in one unit.

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Component parts of handle

Lug- Attached to body

Arm- attaches bar to lug

Bar- grasped by bearer

Tip- decorative part covering exposed end of the bar

Corner- optional part of hardware attached to four corners of panel.

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Casket interior Cap panel

Focal part of interior. Fills inside of crown

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Casket interiorHead panelFoot panel

Head portion of cap. No distinction between head and foot panel in full couch caskets Foot portion of the cap.

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Casket interior Inner panels

Functional or ornamental covering usually covers foot end in full couch, may be located at head and foot panel

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Casket interior Single hinged panel

Cap Is in two pieces. Rim and foot panel is one piece which is hinged to top body molding. Head panel is hinged to the rim.

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Casket interiorRoll (cove) (puffing)

Lines the rim and surrounds cap panel

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Casket interiorGimp (fold)

Strip of metal, plastic, or cloth attached to inside of panel covering where the roll is anchored.

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Casket interior Throw (overlay) (overthrow)

Aesthetic covering for foot cap or inner foot panel of casket.

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Casket interior Apron (overlay skirt)

Lining attached to undersurface of foot panel or a component part of the throw which extends downward to body of casket.

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Casket interior Extendover

Extends over top body molding

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Casket interiorBed

Where remains are placedAdjustable or stationary.

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Casket interior Mattress cover

Interior cloth covering mattress

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Casket interior Body lining

Drapes inside perimeter of body of casket

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Casket interior Hinge cover (skirt)

Covers hinges that attach cap to body. Extends from the roll and becomes part of body lining.

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Casket interior Blanket

Used in full couch to cover legs and feet.

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Crushed interior

Lining placed on metal form with weight Added + steam.

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Shirred interior

Material is drawn in parallel fashion then sewed.

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Tufted interior

Small raised puffs. Carriage and biscuit are most common types.

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Tailored interior

Tightly drawn

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Semi tailored interior

Combo of tailored and another style of interior

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Specialty head panel

Unique design in head panel

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Combination interior

More than one style used in the interior

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Lining materials

Crepe: thin crinkled cloth of silk, rayon, cotton, or wool

Satin: smooth lustrous face and dull back. Silk, nylon, rayon.

Velvet: silk, cotton, rayon. Thick soft pile or nap.

Linen: flax, strength coolness luster

Linen weave: made to look like linenTwill weave: diagonal lines

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Backing materials

Fiberboard
Masselin- pressed paper
Plastic

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Padding materials

Cotton
Polyethylene foam
Shredded paper
Spun polyester
Excelsior (wood wool)

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Wood exteriors

Unfinished- no stain or varnish

Natural- protective coating

Stained

Unstained

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Wood finishes

Polished (gloss)Semi gloss: low luster

Flat finish: matte finish

Satin: less luster than semi gloss

Painted Laminates: superimposed layers

Cloth covered: broadcloth, doeskin, plush

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Metal exteriors

Brushed- painted then scratched, finished with sealer then buff until smooth high gloss.

Plated- base metal covered by another by electrolytic process.

"Deposit"Sprayed- paint sprayed on

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Metal finishes

Gloss- high shine

Crinkled- wrinkles as it dries

Hammer tone- small indentations Flat- no shine

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Shell designs

Elliptic- ends shaped like half circle Octagon- 8 angles/cornersRound cornerSquare corner- 90 degree angle

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Side designs

Flaring square- sides and ends flare out from bottom to the top.

Vertical side square (state casket)- body sides at 90 degree angle to the bottom

Urnside- body panel shape of an urn

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Gasketed

flat rubber along top body molding flange and between the lids.
End lock
Side or front lock
Lever lock

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Non-gasketed

Latch closure- simple latch

Threaded fasteners- screw type

Chemical compounds- epoxy and cements. Butyl tape.

Hermetically sealed- airtight. Fusion or soldering.

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Average wood interior measurements

75 x 22Height- 16-22

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Average metal interior measurements

78 x 23Height- 16-24

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Outside dimension of all caskets

84 x 29

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Over sized caskets

Increases by 2 inches in width and 3 inches in length.
Each step increased represented by an X.
Need oversized vault.
May need oversized grave.

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Infant caskets

Increase in size by six inches in length and nine inches in height. can go to 5 feet in length.

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Outer burial container

Designed for placement in the grave around the casket

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Burial vaults

- offers protection from earth load and seals. -Supports load of the earth and limits intrusion of outside elements.

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OBC materials

Concrete with or without steel reinforcement Metal- steel, copper

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Methods of closure

Air seal- utilizes air pressure

Top seal- epoxy compound with tongue in groove.

Double seal- air seal+ epoxy

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Standard burial vault dimensions

30 x 86

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Grave liner

Outer enclosure offering protection for earth load without sealing.

Concrete
Wood
Polymers and fiberglass
Grave box
Sectional
Urn vault

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Transfer container

Made for protection of casketed remains during transportation

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Air tray

Wooden tray with cardboard covering for the casket

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Ziegler case

Gasket sealed. Can be inserted into casket or separate shipping container.

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Wood box

Transfer container made out of wood

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Combination case

Transfer container consisting of particle board box with cardboard tray for air shipping

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Alternative container

Non-metal, no ornamental or fixed interior lining.

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Unfinished wood box

No interior lining

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Combination unit

Units used together for Both casket and permanent burial receptacle.

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Sundry items

-Register book
-prayer cards
-religious or military symbols
-thank you cards
-clothing
-other cremation containers
-flowers