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Flashcards in General 4 Deck (50):
1

severe dysarthria and bilateral voluntary paralysis of lower cranial nerves

anterior operculum (bilateral)

2

lamotrigine causes this birth defect

cleft lip/palate

3

prevalence of illness anxiety disorder

1-5%

4

rate of suicide in PTSD

20%

5

hemiplegic migraine caused by mutations in

Ca channel

6

post modern therapy

how to get out of problem, rather than how they got into it

7

experiential Humanist approach to therapy

helps the pt get out of a persistent narrow role by encouraging connective emotional experiences in the here and now

8

common ADHD scales

SNAP-IV, Vanderbilt, Conners

9

how does pregabalin work?

Ca channel antagonist

10

clonidine MOA

presynaptic alpha-2 receptors

11

dopamine receptor hypothesis (SCZ)

increased receptor density and occupancy

12

mirtazapine MOA

alpha-2 and 5-HT antagonist

13

buspirone MOA

5HT-1A partial agonist at postsynaptic receptors; D2,D3,D4 presynaptic antagonist; alpha 1 partial agonist

14

drawing conclusions without enough evidence

arbitrary inference

15

taking one bad event and letting it color your whole experience

selective abstraction

16

depression and REM sleep

increased REM latency, INCREASED REM total, reversal of REM to early in night

17

conditioning that stimulus paired with reward or punishment

operant

18

conditioning that involves pairing conditioned stimulus (bell--neutral) with unconditioned stimulus (food)

classical; unconditioned response is salivation

19

how many sx for panic attacks?

4

20

gender most affected in lithium induced hypothyroidism

women

21

sumatriptan MOA

5-HT1D and 5-HT1B agonist

22

common with ASD

anxiety disorders

23

pain fibers involved in acupuncture and TMS

A-delta fibers

24

conduct first pain

A-delta fibers

25

conduct second pain (dull)

C fibers

26

large fibers that transmit touch

A-beta fibers

27

who described triangulation?

Murray Bowen

28

age assoc with somatic sx disorder

older

29

treatment for kleptomania

SSRIs and lithium

30

when to intervene for carotid stenosis

symptomatic: 70%; asymptomatic 80%

31

EMG: "dive bomber" battern

myoclonic dystrophy

32

EMG: small short unit potentials

myositis or myopathy

33

EMG: decreased recruitment in a segmental pattern

radiculopathy

34

polymyositis vs inclusion body myositis

poly has PROXIMAL weakness

35

rate limiting step in dopamine synthesis

tyrosine hydroxylase

36

converts tyrosin to L dopa

tyrosine hydroxylase

37

converts L dopa to dopamine

dopamin decarboxylase

38

converts dopamine to NE

dopamine beta hydroxylase

39

converts NE to epinephrine

PNMT

40

Ganser's syndrome

form of malingering by "talking past the point"

41

learned helplessness developed by

Martin Seligman

42

tropical spastic paresis

progressive myelopathy associated with HTLV-1

43

amphetamines in urine

48 hrs

44

alcohol in urine

12 hours

45

therapy for trichotillomania and tics

habit reversal therapy

46

sleep changes in elderly

less REM total (shorter, more frequent episodes); decreased amplitude of NREM

47

criteria for late onset SCZ

45 yrs

48

RLS sx must last how long

3 months

49

longest half-life of non BZD hypnotic

Lunesta (eszopiclone) 6 hrs

50

shortest half life of non BZD hypnotic

Sonata (zaleplon) 1 hr