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Flashcards in General 5 Deck (51):
1

where is dopamine MADE

substantia nigra

2

opsoclonus myoclonus cause and treatment

associated with infantile neuroblastoma; tx steroids or ACTH

3

Ramsay Hunt syndrome

herpetic neuritis of geniculate ganglion; affected nerves 7,8

4

most common CNS tumor in advanced AIDS

lymphoma

5

peak of neuronal PROLIFERATION

2nd trimester

6

peak of neuronal SYNAPTOGENESIS

toddler period (and doesn't conclude until age 30!)

7

most frequent CNS opportunistic infxn in AIDS

toxoplasmosis

8

slowest of the prion diseases

Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker

9

Bell's palsy most often due to

occult HSV

10

what does tetanus toxin do?

blocks GABA and glycine in spinal cord

11

Anton's syndrome

pts deny blindness; due to b/l PCA involvement

12

Balint's syndrome

due to basilar involvement (unlike Antons - PCA)

13

inhalant abuse can lead to

polyneuropathy (distal)

14

Meige's syndrome

blepharospasm and oromandibular dystonia

15

scanning speech

cerebellum injury

16

aphemia

muteness with normal reading, writing, comprehension; due to involvement of Broca's

17

opens NMDA receptor

glutamate AND glycine

18

best somatoform prognosis

conversion

19

only drug that is selective GABA reuptake inhibitor

tiagabine (gabitril)

20

GABA-A receptor is what kind of channel?

chloride

21

drug that is equal to BZDs for etoh w/d

carbamazepine

22

sign of AVM

auscultating head and hearing bruit; sz also common

23

cause of childhood dementia and Parkinsonism

Hallervorden-Spatz; iron in basal ganglia, cysteine dioxygenase

24

how to treat lithium DI

amiloride with HCTZ

25

mirtazapine MOA

blocks alpha2 presynaptic receptors

26

fungus that causes PNA, invades vessels

Aspergillus

27

funds that causes CNS abscess, liver dz, flu-like infection

histoplasma

28

which gender more commonly has depression?

women

29

cardiac effects of cannabis

tachycardia

30

developed idea of transitional object

Winnicott

31

paranoid-schizoid position

Klein: world split into good and bed elements

32

BPRS used for which disorders?

schizophrenia and psychosis

33

sleep terrors

... have amnesia for the event

34

often associated with retrograde ejaculation

mellaril (thioridazine)

35

NTs affected by MDMA

dopamine AND serotonin

36

elevated ACE in CSF, neuropathies

sarcoidosis

37

hypersomnia followed by psych sx

Kleine-Levin syndrome

38

Alexia without agraphia

Left PCA: selenium of corpus callosum

39

childhood disorder with precuts excavated, lens dislocation, Marfan's habits, MR, scoliosis

Homocystinuria

40

bupropion is a substrate of

2B6

41

___% of striatal dopamine and mitral neurons lost before PD sx arise

60-85

42

triptan MOA

agonists of 1B and 1D

43

helps with chorea in HD

tetrabenazine

44

stiff person syndrome associated with

diabetes, polyendocrinopathy, antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase

45

anatomy of semantic memory

inferotemporal lobes

46

anatomy of procedural memory

basal ganglia, cerebellum, SMA

47

anatomy of episodic memory

medial temporal, anterior thalamic nuclei, mammillary bodies, fornix, prefrontal cortex

48

NT involved with LSD

serotonin

49

validity scales of MMPI

lie scale, infrequency scale, suppressor scale

50

MMPI scale used to decrease false positives and false negatives

suppressor scale

51

MMPI scale used to detect malingering

infrequency scale