General Diagnosis- Boards Part II (Chiro Essentials and NBS Notes) Flashcards Preview

Boards Part II and III (Irene Gold) > General Diagnosis- Boards Part II (Chiro Essentials and NBS Notes) > Flashcards

Flashcards in General Diagnosis- Boards Part II (Chiro Essentials and NBS Notes) Deck (71):
1

What is the significance of absent breath sounds?

Pleural Effusion and Pneumothorax

2

Absence of nail bed angle or Schamroth space, indicates what?

Clubbing

3

What significance is asking about "Age"?

DJD= Older Patients
Middle Age= Disc Issues
Young Adults= Sprain/Strain

4

What significance does "Gender" tell you?

Females= Osteoporosis and more common to have SLE/RA
Males= Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) and Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

5

What conditions may obesity contribute to?

DJD, Diabetes and Hypertension

6

Potential Diagnosis for Taller Patients?

Marfan's, Klinefelter's and/or Giantism

7

What is the significance of "Ethical Background"?

Africans= Sickle Cell Anemia
Ashkenazi Jews= Tay Sachs disease

8

Classification of "Onset"

Acute: 6 months

9

What is the mechanism of injury for a rear end collision?

Whiplash

10

What is the mechanism of injury for a facet problem?

Rotation and Extension

11

What movements make a disc lesion worse?

Flexion

12

During a facet problem what movements make the condition worse?

Lateral bending and Extension

13

What is determined when there is a decrease with rest AND also no relief with rest?

Decrease in pain with rest= Sprain/Strain
No Decrease in pain at rest= Bone Cancer

14

If there is no decrease in pain from NSAID's (previous care), this could tell you ______________? (2)

Potential of some bone tumors
Psychological

15

What does the "Quality" of pain tell you? (2)

Burning Pain= Radiculopathy
Deep Dull Ache= Muscular or Bone Pathology

16

"Radiation" of pain is significant for what? (3)

Dermatomes=Radiculopathy
Loin to Groin= Kidney Stones
Chest to Left Arm= Myocardial Infarction

17

What is possible if patient states has "Pain worse at night"? (2)

Bone Cancer
Osteomyelitis

18

What is a possible side effect of both Lipitor and Diuretics?

Lipitor= Muscle Aches
Diuretics= Muscle Cramps

19

What is a possible condition linked to immunizations?

Guillian-Barre Syndrome

20

What are common "Occupational" hazards? (3)

Sex Workers= HIV/Aids
Asbestosis= Mesothelioma
Miners= Silicosis

21

What regions of the body can be effected by "Tobacco Use"?

Lung, Bladder, Esophagus

22

What are three common conditions to effect "Sleep"?

Bone Cancer
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Diabetes

23

What conditions are indicated by the following concerns:
Unexplained Weight Loss:_________
Fever:_________
Fatigue:________

Unexplained Weight Loss: Cancer
Fever: Osteomyelitsis
Fatigue: Depression

24

If a patient has a recurrent infection, they may have______?

Multiple Myeloma (MM) or HIV/AIDS

25

If a patient has bowel/ bladder control issues, potential for what condition?

Cauda Equina Syndrome

26

What does Blood in the stool indicate?
What does clay colored stool indicate?

Blood- Colon Cancer
Clay color- Pancreatic Cancer

27

When conducting a ROS of the Respiratory system, what does blood in the sputum possible indicate?

Lung Cancer or Tuberculosis

28

What three potential diagnosis can be determined by recurrent sore throats?

HIV/AIDS
Multiple Myeloma (MM)
Leukemia

29

During a ROS of the Genitourinary system what can be determined by dysuria and vaginal discharge?

Dysuria= Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Vaginal Discharge= Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

30

When performing a ROS on the integumentary system what does the following physical conditions relate to: (3)
Silvery Plaques
Butterfly Rash
Red Shin Bumps

Silvery Plaques- Psoriasis
Butterfly Rash-Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE)
Red Shin Bumps- Sarcoidosis

31

What is one condition where you should be very cautious of adjusting the cervical spine?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

32

What is significant when there is chest pain, that has in increase in the trunk with movement?

Cause is musculoskeletal

33

During a Hematological ROS, what do the following signs help to determine: (3)
Fatigue
Swollen Lymph Nodes
Bleeding

Fatigue: Leukemia
Swollen Lymph Nodes: Lymphoma
Bleeding: Leukemia

34

What two musculoskeletal conditions should be thought of when a patient complains of multiple aches/pain?

Polymyalgia Rheumatica
Fibromyalgia

35

When carrying out a endocrine ROS what conditions/disease should be thought of when a patient complains of: (2)
Muscle Cramps
Heat Intolerance

Muscle Cramps: Hypoparathyroidism
Heat Intolerance: Hyperthyroidism

36

At what level should you call emergency services, when looking at a patient's vital signs? (4)
Blood Pressure
Respiration Rate
Temperature
Pulse

Blood Pressure: Greater than 90/60
Respiration Rate: Greater than 28/min.
Temperature: Above 102 F
Pulse: Greater than 120/min

37

What may cause the body to have a higher than normal temperature? (4)

Fever Greater than 99.5 F
Drug Reaction
Infection
Heat Stroke
Lymphoma

38

What are the adult "Normal Ranges" for the following: (4)
Temperature
Pulse
Respiration Rate
Blood Pressure

Temperature: 98.4-99.5 F
Pulse: 60-100/Min
Respiration Rate: 14-20 Breaths/Min
Blood Pressure:140-90/90-60 with less than 10 mm Hg difference between arms

39

What may cause Tachycardia (More than 100 beats per min)? (5) (Pulse)

Drug Reaction
Fever
Panic Disorder
Hyperthyroidism
Severe Anemia

40

What three things may cause Bradycardia (Less than 60 beats per min)? (Pulse)

Hypothyroidism
Athlete's Heart Syndrome
Raised Intracranial Pressure

41

What are potential causes of Tachypena (More than 20 breaths/min)? (Respiration Rate) (7)

Asthma
Lung Infection
Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Emphysema
Sarcoidosis
Panic Disorder

42

What are two causes of Bradypnea (Less than 14 breaths per min.)? (Respiration Rate)

Drug Reaction
Brain Stem Compression

43

When is a patient considered to have Hypertension?

After 3 reading of a BP of greater than 14/90

44

What is normal pulse pressure?

A difference of 30-40 mm Hg
Systolic BP- Diastolic BP

45

What are some causes of elevated Blood Pressure? (7)

White Coat "Hypertension"
Hypertension
Cushing's Syndrome
Conn's Disease (Primary Aldosteronism)
Unilateral Renal Artery Stenosis
Hyperthyroidism
Pheochromocytoma (Tumor of Adrenal Medulla)

46

What are four causes of low Blood Pressure?

Maybe Normal for Patient
Shock
Depression
Addison's Disease

47

What is a normal finding when performing Weber's Test?

Air Conduction is twice as long as Bone Conduction

48

If Air Conduction and Bone Conduction are both decreased in one ear, what is significant?

Nerve Conduction Deafness

49

If the finding is that Bone Conduction is greater than Air Conduction during Rinne's Test, what should be determined?

Serous Otitis Media

50

What is the significance of bilateral pupils dilating?

Cocaine
Barbiturate
Amphetamine Abuse

51

What does it indicate if the patient has bilateral pinpoint pupils?

Heroin use

52

If a patient has the finding of bilateral swollen optic discs (papilledema), what are two possible conditions to think about?

Raised Intracranial Pressure
Brain Tumor

53

What does blue sclera in an infant with many fractures indicate?

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

54

What is the significant disorder to be thought of when a patient presents with blurred margins of the macula or pigmentation?

Macular Degeneration

55

What are the classic findings for Hypertensive Retinopathy?

Copper or silver wiring of retinal arterioles

56

What disease has a finding of a cupped optic disc?

Chronic Glaucoma

57

What does the finding of Marcroglossia (Enlarged Tongue) indicate?

Hypothyroidism in Infants

58

In what two conditions would you expect to see Exopthalmosis?

Hyperthyroidism
Orbital Tumor

59

What are finding of Diabetic Retinopathy?

Flame Hemorrhages and Dots (Micro aneurysms)

60

If a patient has a foul purulent unilateral nasal discharge what may they have?

Sinusitis
Foreign Body in the noes

61

What condition does a patient present with if they have a goiter with brittle dry coarse hair?

Myxedema (Hypothyroidism)

62

How could you determine if a patient had Grave's disease?

Goiter with Exopthalmosis
Tachycardia

63

What is a finding for Hyperlipidema?

Grey ring around the cornea (Arcus Senilis)

64

What condition does a child have if the head is enlarged and the fontanels are not closed?

Hydrocephalus

65

What condition has a positive finding of a "Lid Lag"?

Hyperthyroidism

66

What two conditions would have an absent red pupil light reflex?

Cataract
Neuroblastoma

67

What two disorders may have a positive finding of the lateral one third of the eyebrow missing?

Hypothyroidism
Leprosy

68

If a patient has a mass at the midline of the neck that moves with the tongue, what may the patient have?

Thyroglossal Cyst

69

A patient presents with a midline bony mass in the hard palate, what may the patient have?

Torus Palatinus

70

What condition is suspected if the patient presents with mucopurulent discharge of the ear?

Otitis Media

71

A patient who has abused cocaine may have what possible finding?

Nasal Septum Perforation