Neuromusculoskeletal (NMS) Diagnosis (Irene Gold) Part II and III Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neuromusculoskeletal (NMS) Diagnosis (Irene Gold) Part II and III Deck (799)
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1

What is the clinically word for loss of smell?

Anosmia

2

What is the term for a distorted sense of smell?

Parosmia

3

How is the optic nerve tested for Visual acuity?

Snellen Eye Chart

4

What two cranial nerves are tested with the Direct Light Reflex?

CN II (2) and III (3)

5

What three things happen to the eyes during the Accommodation test?

Eyes Converge
Pupils Constrict
Lens Convex

6

What are the two muscles of the eye that have Parasympathetic control?

Ciliary muscles (lens shape)
Constrictor Papillae

7

What is the clinically term for deviation of one or both eyes?

Strabismus

8

What is the cause for a patient to have ptosis; drooping of an eyelid?

Weakness or paralysis of the Levator Palpebrae

9

Jaw Jerk reflex test what Cranial nerve?

CNV (5), both sensory and motor

10

What two directions does the Superior oblique muscle move the eye?

Down and In

11

How is the sensory component of Cranial nerve V tested?

Touch with cotton wisp:
Forehead
Cheekbone
Chin

12

What two cranial nerves are tested with the Corneal Reflex?

CN V (5) Afferent
CN VII (7) Efferent

13

What is a normal finding of the Corneal Reflex?

Both eyes blinking
Tearing of the eyes

14

What is the name of the test, when the mandible is lightly tapped with a reflex hammer?

Jaw jerk reflex

15

What is a positive finding of the Jaw Jerk reflex?

Jaw draws upwards

16

What two Cranial nerves are tested during the Oculocardiac reflex?

CN V (5) Afferent
CN X (10) Efferent

17

What is the normal finding of the Oculocardiac reflex?

A decrease in heart rate when pressure is applied to the eye

18

What part of the tongue is motor and given general sensation by Cranial nerve V?

Anterior 2/3

19

What three things does the Anterior 2/3 of the tongue determine?

Hot
Cold
Pain

20

What three muscle of mastication help to close the jaw, and are innervated by cranial nerve V?

Temporalis
Internal Pterygoid
Masseter

(TIM)

21

What muscle innervated by cranial nerve V, opens the jaw?

External Pterygoid

22

What is another name for Trigeminal Neuralgia?

Tic Douloureaux
Can lead to Cranial Nerve V Palsy

23

What condition is describe as:
"Extreme, sporadic, sudden burning or shock like pain that last anywhere from a few seconds to as long as two minutes per episode."

Pain is lightening like, repetitive excruciating pain. Happening several times per day, one onside of the face/cheek.

Trigeminal Neuralgia

24

What cranial nerve is anterior 2/3 of the tongue for tastes such as Sweet, Sour, Salty?

CNVII (7) Facial

25

What cranial nerve indicates the bitter taste?

CN IX (9)

26

What condition is described as:
"Unilateral Facial Paralysis caused by trauma, virus or immune mediated response and is not permanent.

Pain is initially seen behind the ipsilateral ear, twitching, weakness/paralysis, drooping of the eyelid, corner of the mouth, dry eye and decreased taste sensation."

Bell's Palsy

27

What are two treatments for Bell's Palsy?

Eye Patch
Artificial tears

28

Is Bell's Palsy an Upper or Lower Motor Neuron Lesion?
What Cranial nerve is effected?

LMNL
CN VII (7) Facial

29

What are two findings that distinguish Bell's Palsy from a Stroke?

Ipsilateral Motor loss of entire face
Forehead does not wrinkle

30

How are you able to tell a Stroke from Bell's Palsy?

Contralateral motor loss below the eye
Able to wrinkle the forehead