X-Ray Positioning (Part II) (Irene Gold) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in X-Ray Positioning (Part II) (Irene Gold) Deck (195):
1

What structure is being Evaluated on a Lateral Skull?

Sella Turcica

2

What Film Size is used for a Lateral Skull?

10x12

3

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for a Lateral Skull?

40 inches

4

What is the Tube Tilt used on a Lateral Skull?

None

5

What structure is being Evaluated on a P-A Caldwell Projection?

Frontal Sinus

6

What Film Size is used for a P-A Caldwell Projection?

10x12

7

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for a P-A Caldwell Projection?

40 inches

8

What is the Tube Tilt for a P-A Caldwell Projection?

15 degrees Caudal

9

What structure is being Evaluated on an A-P Towne's x-ray?

Foramen Magnum

10

What is the Film Size for an A-P Towne's x-ray?

10x12

11

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for an A-P Towne's x-ray?

40 inches

12

What is the Tube Tilt on an A-P Towne's x-ray?

35 degrees caudal

13

What structure is being Evaluated on a Water's x-ray?

Maxillary Sinuses

14

What is the Film Size for a Water's X-ray?

8x10

15

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for a Water's x-ray?

40 inches

16

What is the Tube Tilt for a Water's x-ray?

None

17

What is the Film Size for the Neutral Lateral Cervical Film? (Two choices)

8x10 or 10x12

18

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of a Neutral Lateral Cervical Film?

72 inches

19

What is the Tube Tilt of a Neutral Lateral Cervical Film?

None

20

What is the film size for an A-P Lateral Cervical Film?

8x10

21

What is the Focal Film Distance of an A-P Lateral Cervical Film?

40 inches

22

What is the Tube Tilt of a an A-P Lateral Cervical Film?

15 degrees cephalic

23

What two structures are being Evaluated on an A-P Open Mouth Film?

Dens
Atlas

(Best for Jefferson Fracture)

24

What is the film size for an A-P Open Mouth Film?

8x10

25

What is the Focal Film Distance of an A-P Open Mouth Film?

40 inches

26

What is the Tube Tilt on an A-P Open Mouth Film?

None

27

What structure is being Evaluated on a Cervical Oblique Film?

Intervertebral Foramen (IVF)

28

What is the Film Size of a Cervical Oblique Film?

8x10

29

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) or a Cervical Oblique Film?

72 inches

30

What is the Tube Tilt of a Cervical Oblique Film?

15 degrees
Anterior Oblique= Caudal
Posterior Oblique= Cephalic

31

What is the Patient Position of an Anterior Cervical Oblique?

Patient is facing the Bucky
Body is rotated 45 degrees away from the Bucky
Head is rotated to be parallel with the plane of the Bucky

32

What is the Patient Position of a Posterior Cervical Oblique?

Patient is facing the Tube
Body is rotated 45 degrees away from the Bucky
Head is rotated to be parallel with the plane of the Bucky chin is slightly jutted out

33

What structure is being Evaluated on a Cervical Flexion Film?

Atlantodental Interspace (ADI), transverse ligament instability

34

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for a Cervical Flexion Film?

72 inches

35

What is the Tube Tilt for a Cervical Flexion Film?

None

36

What is important when performing a Cervical Flexion or Extension Film?

If part of trauma; for fractures or signs of instability before proceeding, the other view

37

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of a Cervical Extension Film?

72 inches

38

What is the Tube Tilt of a Cervical Extension Film?

None

39

What two structures are being Evaluated on a Cervical Pillar Film?

Articular Processes
Apophyseal Joints

40

What is the Film Size for a Cervical Pillar Film?

8x10

41

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) on a Cervical Pillar Film?

40 inches

42

What is the Tube Tilt on a Cervical Pillar Film?

35 degrees Cephalic

43

What is the Patient Position for a Cervical Pillar Film?

Posterior- Anterior (P-A)

44

What is the Film Size of an A-P Thoracic Film?

7x17

45

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for an A-P Thoracic Film?

40 inches

46

What is The Film Size for a Lateral Thoracic Film?

14x17

47

What is the Tube Tilt on a Lateral Thoracic Film?

None

48

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) on Lateral Thoracic Film?

40 inches

49

Where is the Filter placed on a Lateral Thoracic Film?

Lower half of the thoracic spine

50

What area is being Evaluated on a Swimmer's View?

Cervico-Thoracic Junction

51

What is the Film Size of the Swimmer's View?

8x10

52

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of the Swimmer's View?

40 inches

53

What is the Tube Tilt of the Swimmer's View?

5 degrees caudal

54

What is the Patient Position of the Swimmer's View?

Standing
Lateral position
Arm closest to the Bucky raised overhead
Other arm hangs by their side

55

What is the Film Size of a P-A Chest Film?

14x17

56

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of the P-A Chest Film?

72 inches

57

What are the Patient's Breathing Instructions for a P-A Chest Film?

Deep breath in and Hold

58

What is the Film Size for a Lateral Chest Film?

14x17

59

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for a Lateral Chest Film?

72 inches

60

What are the Patient's Breathing Instructions for a Lateral Chest Film?

Deep breath in and hold

61

What structure is being Evaluated on a Apical Lordotic Film?

Lung Apices, (Pancoast Tumor)

62

What is the Film Size for an Apical Lordotic Film?

14x17

63

What is the Focal Film Distance for an Apical Lordotic Film?

72 inches

64

What are the Patient's Breathing Instructions for an Apical Lordotic Film?

Deep breath in and hold

65

What is the Film Size for an A-P Lumbar Film?

14x17

66

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for an A-P Lumbar Film?

40 inches

67

What is the Tube Tilt for an A-P Lumbar Film?

None

68

Where is the Central Ray placed on the patient in an A-P Lumbar Film?

1 inch below the top of the iliac crest

69

What are the Patient's Breathing Instructions for an A-P Lumbar Film?

Breath in and then let it all the way out

70

What structure is being Evaluated on a Lateral Lumbar Film?

Intervertebral Foramen (IVF)

71

What is the Film Size of a Lateral Lumbar Film?

14x17

72

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of a Lateral Lumbar Film?

40 inches

73

What is the Tube Tilt of a Lateral Lumbar Film?

None

74

Where is the Central Ray placed on the patient in a Lateral Lumbar Film?

Top of the iliac crest, at the mid axillary line

75

What are the Patient's Breathing Instructions for a Lateral Lumbar Film?

Breath in and let it all the way out

76

What is another name for the L5/S1 Spot Shot?

Sacral Base Tilt

77

What is the Film Size for the L5/S1 Spot Shot?

8x10

78

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of the L5/S1 Spot Shot?

40 inches

79

What is the Patient Position for the L5/S1 Spot Shot?

Patient Supine

80

What is the Tube Tilt for the L5/S1 Spot Shot?

25 degrees Cephalic

81

What is the location of the Central Ray for the L5/S1 Spot Shot?

At the level of the Anterior Superior Iliac Spines (ASIS)

82

What are the Patient's Breathing Instructions for the L5/S1 Spot Shot?

Don't Breath Don't Move

83

What structure is being Evaluated on a Lateral Lumbar Oblique Film?

Pars

84

What is the Film Size of a Lateral Lumbar Oblique Film?

10x12

85

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of a Lateral Lumbar Oblique Film?

40 inches

86

What is the Tube Tilt on a Lateral Lumbar Oblique Film?

None

87

What is the Film Size for a Lateral L5/S1 Spot Shot?

8x10

88

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for a Lateral L5/S1 Spot Shot?

40 inches

89

What is the Tube Tilt for a Lateral L5/S1 Spot Shot?

None

90

Where is the Central Ray placed on the patient for the Lateral L5/S1 Spot Shot?

2 inches inferior to the iliac crest and 1 inch posterior to the mid-axillary line

91

What is the Film Size for an A-P Sacrum Film?

8x10

92

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of an A-P Sacrum Film?

40 inches

93

What is the Tube Tilt of an A-P Sacrum Film?

15 degrees cephalic

94

Where is the Central Ray placed on the Patient for an A-P Sacrum Film?

2 inches superior to the pubic symphysis

95

What is the Film Size for a Lateral Sacrum Film?

8x10

96

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of a Lateral Sacrum Film?

40 inches

97

What is the Tube Tilt of a Lateral Sacrum Film?

None

98

What is the Patient Position for a Lateral Sacrum Film?

Lateral Recumbent Position

99

Where is the placement of the Central Ray on the patient for the Lateral Sacrum Film?

Level of the Anterior Superior Iliac Spines (ASIS)
3 inches posterior to the mid-axillary line

100

What is the Film Size for and A-P Coccyx Film?

8x10

101

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for an A-P Coccyx Film?

40 inches

102

What is the Tube Tilt for an A-P Coccyx Film?

10 degrees Caudal

103

What is the placement of the Central Ray on the patient for an A-P Coccyx Film?

2 inches superior to the pubic symphysis

104

What is the Film Size for a Lateral Coccyx Film?

8x10

105

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for a Lateral Coccyx Film?

40 inches

106

What is the Tube Tilt for a Lateral Coccyx Film?

None

107

What is the Film Size for an A-P Angulated Sacroiliac (SI) Joint Film?

10x12

108

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for an A-P Angulated Sacroiliac (SI) Joint Film?

40 inches

109

What is the Tube Tilt for an A-P Angulated Sacroiliac (SI) Joint Film?

30 degrees Cephalic

110

What is the placement of the Central Ray on a patient for an A-P Angulated Sacroiliac (SI) Joint Film?

Midline
1 inch below the Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS)

111

What is the Film Size for both a Weighted and Non-Weighted Acromion-Clavicular (AC) Joint Film?

8x10

112

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for both a Weighted and Non-Weighted Acromion-Clavicular (AC) Joint Film?

40 inches

113

What is the Tube Tilt for both a Weighted and Non-Weighted Acromion-Clavicular (AC) Joint Film?

5 degrees Cephalic (If Patient is standing, Anterior-Posterior)

114

What structure is being Evaluated on an A-P Shoulder with External Rotation?

Greater Tuberosity

115

What is the Film Size for an A-P Shoulder with External Rotation?

10x12

116

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for an A-P Shoulder with External Rotation?

40 inches

117

What structure is being Evaluated on an A-P Shoulder with Internal Rotation?

Lesser Tuberosity

118

What is the Film Size for an A-P Shoulder with Internal Rotation?

10x12

119

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for an A-P Shoulder with Internal Rotation?

40 inches

120

What is the Film Size for an Axial Clavicle?

10x12

121

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for an Axial Clavicle Film?

40 inches

122

What is the Tube Tilt on an Axial Clavicle Film?

15 degrees Caudal= Posterior-Anterior Position
15 degrees Cephalic=Anterior-Posterior Position

123

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for an A-P Elbow Film?

40 inches

124

What is the Tube Tilt for an A-P Elbow Film?

None

125

What is the Patient Position for an A-P Elbow Film?

Seated at the end of the table
Shoulder, Elbow and Wrist against the table, Hand Supinated

126

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for a Medial (Internal) Oblique Elbow Film?

40 inches

127

What is the Tube Tilt for a Medial (Internal) Oblique Elbow Film?

None

128

What is the Patient Position for a Medical (Internal) Oblique Elbow Film?

Seated at the end of the table
Shoulder, Elbow and Wrist against the table, Hand Pronated

129

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for the Lateral Elbow Film?

40 inches

130

What is the Tube Tilt for the Lateral Elbow Film?

None

131

What is the Patient Position for the Lateral Elbow Film?

Seated at the end of the table
Elbow flexed to 90 degrees
Shoulder, Elbow and Wrist against the table
Thumb pointing towards the tube

132

What structures are being evaluated in the P-A Wrist Film?

Carpal Bones

133

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for the P-A Wrist Film?

40 inches

134

What is the Tube Tilt for the P-A Wrist Film?

None

135

What is the Patient Position for the P-A Wrist Film?

Seated at the end of the table
Elbow and Wrist against the table
Hand pronated with fingers in a loose fist

136

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for the Medial Oblique Wrist Film?

40 inches

137

What is the Tube Tilt for the Medial Oblique Wrist Film?

None

138

What is the Patient Position for the Medial Oblique Wrist Film?

Seated at the end of the table
Elbow and Wrist against the table
Hand held at a oblique angle of 45 degrees

139

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for the Lateral Wrist Film?

40 inches

140

What is the Tube Tilt for the Lateral Wrist Film?

None

141

What is the Patient Position for the Lateral Wrist Film?

Patient seated at the end of the table
Elbow and Wrist against the table
Wrist in 0 degrees of flexion, metacarpals stacked on top of each other

142

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for the P-A Ulnar Deviation Film?

40 inches

143

What is the Tube Tilt for the P-A Ulnar Deviation Film?

None

144

What is the Patient Position for the P-A Ulnar Deviation Film?

Seated at the end of the table
Elbow and Wrist against the table
Hand pronated with fingers in a loose fist
Wrist is Ulnar deviated as far as possible (Maximally)

145

What structures are being evaluated in the P-A Hand Film?

Articulations of the hand

146

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of the P-A Hand Film?

40 inches

147

What is the Tube Tilt of the P-A Hand Film?

None

148

What is the Patient Position for the P-A Hand Film?

Seated at the end of the table
Palm flat against the table, fingers slightly spread

149

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of the Medial Oblique Hand Film?

40 inches

150

What is the Tube Tilt of the Medial Oblique Hand Film?

None

151

What is the Patient Position for the Medial Oblique Hand Film?

Seated at the end of the table
Hand is held at a 45 oblique angle

152

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of the Lateral Hand Film?

40 inches

153

What is the Tube Tilt of the Lateral Hand Film?

None

154

What is the Patient Position for the Lateral Hand Film?

Seated at the end of the table
Metacarpals stacked on top of one another
Ulnar aspect of the hand against the cassette while fingers are spread maximally

155

What is the Film Size for an A-P Pelvis Film?

14x17

156

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for an A-P Pelvis Film?

40 inches

157

What is the Tube Tilt for an A-P Pelvis Film?

None

158

What is the Patient Position for an A-P Pelvis Film?

Supine (or Standing) with feet turned in 15 degrees

159

What is the placement of the Central Ray on a patient for the A-P Pelvis Film?

Place the top of the Film 2 inches above the iliac crest

160

What is the Film Size for the Frog Leg Lateral Hip Film?

10x12

161

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for the Frog Leg Lateral Hip Film?

40 inches

162

What is the Tube Tilt for the Frog Leg Lateral Hip Film?

None

163

What is the Patient Position for the Frog Leg Lateral Hip Film?

Supine
Leg on the involved side in a "Figure Four" position

164

What is the Film Size of an A-P Knee Film?

8x10

165

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) of an A-P Knee Film?

40 inches

166

What is the Tube Tilt for an A-P Knee Film?

5 degrees Cephalic

167

What is the placement of the Central Ray for an A-P Knee Film?

Half inch inferior to the apex of the patella

168

What is the Patient Position for an A-P Knee Film?

Supine (or Sitting)
Knee of interested leg extended with the foot turned inward 5 degrees

169

What is the Film Size for a Lateral Knee Film?

8x10

170

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for a Lateral Knee Film?

40 inches

171

What is the Tube Tilt for a Lateral Knee Film?

5 degrees Cephalic

172

What is the Patient Position for a Lateral Knee Film?

Lateral Recumbent Position
Knee of interest closest to the table and flexed 30 to 45 degrees
Opposite leg is out of the way

173

What structures are being Evaluated in a Tunnel Projection of the Knee Film?

Intercondylar Fossa

174

What is the Film Size for a Tunnel Projection of the Knee Film?

8x10

175

What is the Focal Film Distance (FFD) for a Tunnel Projection of the Knee Film?

40 inches

176

What is the Tube Tilt for the Tunnel Projection of the Knee Film?

45 degrees Caudal

177

What is the Patient Position for the Tunnel Projection of the Knee Film?

Prone
Knee flexed to 45 degrees

178

What is the Tube Tilt used for a Tangential (Sunrise) Patella Film?

None

179

What two Structures are being Evaluated on the Tangential (Sunrise) Patella Film?

Patella
Patellofemoral Joint space

180

What is the Patient Position for the Tangential (Sunrise) Patella Film?

Prone
Knee of interest is flexed maximally

181

What four Structures are being Evaluated on an A-P Ankle Film?

Distal Tibia
Distal Fibula
Ankle joint
Talus

182

What is the Tube Tilt on an A-P Ankle Film?

None

183

What is the Patient Position on an A-P Ankle Film?

Supine (or sitting)
Leg extended
Ankle in 90 degrees of dorsiflexion
Foot turned inward 5 degrees

184

What is the Tube Tilt of a Medial Oblique Ankle Film?

None

185

What is the Patient Position of a Medial Oblique Ankle Film?

Supine (or Sitting)
Leg extended
Ankle in 90 degrees of dorsiflexion
Foot turned inward 20-30 degrees

186

What is the Tube Tilt for a Lateral Ankle Film?

None

187

What is the Patient Position for a Lateral Ankle Film?

Lateral Recumbent Position
Lateral aspect of the ankle of interest closest to the table
Ankle in 90 degrees of Dorsiflexion
Opposite leg is out of the way

188

What three Structures are being Evaluated on the A-P Dorsoplantar Foot Film?

Tarsals distal to the Talus
Metatarsals
Phalanges

189

What is the Tube Tilt on the A-P Dorsoplantar Foot Film?

10 degrees Cephalic

190

What is the Patient Position for the A-P Dorsoplantar Foot Film?

Sitting on the table
Plantar surface of the foot on the cassette

191

What is the Tube Tilt of the Medial Oblique Foot Film?

None

192

What is the Patient Position for the Medial Oblique Foot Film?

Sitting on the table
Plantar surface of the foot against the cassette
Foot obliqued medially 30 degrees

193

What is the Tube Tilt of the Lateral Foot Film?

None

194

What is the Patient Position of the Lateral Foot Film?

Lateral Recumbent (or sitting) on the table
Lateral aspect of the foot of interest against the cassette
Ankle is dorsiflexed to 90 degrees
Opposite leg Is out of the way

195

All radiographs have a Focal Film Distance (FFD) or 40 inches, except for what two areas (7 views)?

Areas: Cervicals and Chest

Views:
1. Neutral Lateral Cervical Film
2. Cervical Oblique Films
3. Cervical Flexion Film
4. Cervical Extension Film
Chest Films:
5. P-A Chest
6. Lateral Chest
7. Apical Lordotic

Focal Film Distance of the above is 72 inches